Skip to main content

Full text of "Penman's Art Journal and Teachers' Guide"

See other formats

%)ank Book Manulacturers. 

Bniertd according U 


f Conffrett, In tkt year 1887, by Daniel T. Ambs, in the Office of Iht 

Vol. XL— No. 4. 

' Gongrat, WaihingUm. D. C. 

Representative Penmen of 


Editor of the Journal : — Of course I should 
have felt 6lifrhted had you not invited me to 
occupy n place in the gulaxy of "Repre- 
sentative Penmen of America." who are 
now beinp Journalized in your columns; 
and yet. when a few weeks ago you did 

the April number of thcJocuNAi., I really 
wished that T had never Ipft my father's 
farm. Had you requested merely my por- 
trait and autograph letter, it would have 
caused me no serious distraction of mind or 
body ; but the sketch ! To sketch, or be 
sketched, that was the question. Whether 
it was DOhlerin a penman to deliver himself 
with all his sins and weaknesses into the 
hands of others, and thus by being sketched 
suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous 
truth ; or to bear the whips and scorns of 
the chirographic fraternity by writing his 
own sketch. 

Id wild desperation I decided on the 
latter course. To tell the truth, should I 
let somebody else write me up, terrestrial 
things would seem like things of the past, 
and I should feel as though I were strutting 
about after death — a post m&rtcm penman, as 
it were. It is perfectly proper for such 
veteran penmen as those who "have preceded 
me in the Jochnai, — Spencer. Flickinger, 
Hinman, Musselman, Farley— to be "writ- 
ten up." They have made their record, not 
only with the pen but with the sword. But 
the" subject of this sketch," just think of 
it ! "While Musselman was astonishing the 
Eighty-fiflh Illinois Infantry with his magic 
skill twenty-five years ago, and Flickinger 
was discoursing strains of Rathbun's music 
that " bath charms " to his comrades in the 
land of Dixie. I — who had been born only 
four years previous, with my longue wal 
lowing in the ^utterals, aspirants and trills 
of the descendants of Lcif Erickson— was 
watching the "movements" and enjoying 
the music of the lowing herds, the bleating 
sheep, the grunting swine and the cackling 
chickens on my father's homestead among 
the hills and dales of Badgerdom's grand 

No, I do not feel like being written up 
until I have either left the field of battle 
gory with the blood of my fellow men, or 
have demonslrated to the entire satisfaction 
of all present and future generations that I 
am the greatest penman that was, is, or is 
to be. 

By way of information, however, I might 
slate that the first thing I did after leaving 
home at the age of seventeen was to borrow 
sixty dollars to go to school with. My ob- 
ject in going to school was not so much to 
get an education as to get a license to teach 
school ; and my object in wanting to teach 
school was not so much to satiate Young 
America's insatiate craving for knowledge, 
as it was to enable me to go to school 
again in order that I might get a higher 
license. In those days I believed in " High 
License :" I am now a Prohibitionist. 

I taught my first school when seventeen 
in a fnimc house in Northern Iowa. There 
was nothing very peculiar about the room in 
which I taught except that besides being a 
school room, it served as kitchen, dining- 
ruotn, parlor, sitting room, bedroom, pantry 
and cellar ; and I don't see how it could help 

I the^^only room the house 

itself, for it i 

I taught my last public school five years 
later in a village in Southern Wisconsin, in 
the meantime having " finished my educa- 
tion," as well as liquidated my original 
sixty-dollar debt. 

I taught my first writing school in Lake 
Mills, Iowa, in '77. The class numbered 
some thirty four members, among them 
beiugthecounlysuperintendent ! Of course 
this latter personage not only swelled the 
size and dignity of the class, hut of the inex- 
perienced teacheras well, and to compensate 

nected with a representative school. The 
N. I. N. School needs no introduction tu the 
.Journal readers, inasmuch us it is known 
all over as the largest school of itsjund in 
the world, enrolling each term some 2,000 
students. The penmanship department aver- 
ages about 500 pupils per term, which during 
the five years I have held the reins would 
count up to the snug little sum of over 
12.000. I teach seven hours each day, five 
days each week, fifty-two weeks each year- 
no rest for the wicked. 

5Iy experience and ideas on the subject of 
penmanahip are given for what they are 

iEngrated Autograph Letter on Page 51 J 

for his swellmg capacity I 
gave him a complimentary scholarship 

I received my virgin inspiration in pen 
manship from my brother who had been 
one of B. M. Worthington s pupils The 
first intimation I had of the existence of 
such a thing as a penman s paper was a 
shortarticle in some college circular credittd 
to ••penman's Help I wrote to Robert (. . 
Spencer, Milwaukee, to know if he could 
give me the address of the paper called 
" Pejiman's Help," aad in response he sent 
me a copy of the Penman's Art Jochnal ! 
Of course I subscribed at once, and have 
read the Jodhnai, ever since, and it is cer- 
tainly no exaggeration to say that for what- 
ever attainments I may have in the line of 
penmanship I owe more to the Pen.«an's 
Art Journal than to any oiher source. 

In the spring of 1883 1 took my present 
portion in the Northern Indiana Normal 
School and Business Institute, Valparaiso, 
Ind., and if, as the Joitrnal will have it, I 
am entitled to the honor of being classed as 
a " representative " penman, I owe it largely 
to the fact tliat X have so long been con 

worth m the different penman's papersfrom 
time to time and it will be unnecessary to 
encumber this sketch " with theories or 

The portrait appearing herewith was 
taken three years ago. Of course I had a 
mustache at the time ; hut there are some 
thingi> which the photographer's camera is 
incapable of reproducing. 

Yours fraternally, 

E. K. Isaacs. 
Valparaiso, Ind.. April 10, 'NT. 

Men of One Idea. 


I suppose it is useless to undertake to re- 
form men of one idea. In a country liko 
ours, in which everything is "new" and 
everybody is free, there are multitudes of 
self constituted doctors, each of whom has u 
nostrum for curing all physical and moral 
disorders. The country is full of hobby- 
riders, booted and spurred, who imagine 
they are leading a grand race to a golden 
goal, forgetful of the truth that their steeds 

are tethered to a single idea, around which 
they are revolving only to tread dcwn the 
grass and wind themselves up, where tbey 
may stand at last amid the world's ridicule 
and starve to deaihr 

The sailor kept too long upon his hard ^^ 
biscuit and salt junk, contracts the scurvy. 
The occupant of the Irish hovel who lives 
upon his favorite root, and sees neither bread 
nor meat, grows up with weak eyes, an ugly 
face and a stunted body. It is precisely 
thus with a man who occupies and feeds 
his mind with a single idf-iv lie grows 
mean and small and diseased with the 

I kuow a man who has dwelt so long upon 
the subject of " Rapid Writing " that it has 
finally taken possession of hini. It is now 
of such importance in his eyes that every 
other subject is thrown out of its legitimate 
relations to him. It is the constant theme 
of his thought— the study of his life. 

Now this man's mind is not only reduced to 
the size of his idea, and assimilated to its 
character, but it has lost its soundness. Hia 
reason is disordered. His judgment is per- 
verted-depraved. He sees things in unjust 
andillegitimale relalions. The subject that 
absorbs him has grown out of proper pro- 
portions, and all other subjects have shrunk 
away from it. 

If I should wish to find a nairow-mind- 
ed, uncharitable, bigoted sixil, in the (-mall- 
est possible space of lime, I would look for 
a man afflicted with this particular idea, for 
he is numerous and notorious. 

He permits of no liberty of individual 
judement aud no range of opinion. 

Men of one opinion are always extrcmisls, 
and extremists are always nuisances. I 
might truthfully add that an extremist is 
never a man of sound mind. 

If a man undertake tn lean upon a single 
idea, it really makes very little diff< rence to 
him whether the idea be a good or a had 
one, A man may us well get scurvy on 
beans as beef. 

One of the most pitiable objects the world 
contains is a man full of generous natural 
impulses, grown sour, impatient, bitter, 
abusive, uncharitable and ungracious, by 
devotion to one idea, and Ihc failure to im- 
press it upou the world with tbe strength 
by which It possetses himself. Many of 
these fondly hug the delusion that they are 
martyrs, when, in fact, they are suicides. 
Mich a man looks forward to the day when 
posterity will canonize him, and lift him to 
the glory of those who were not received by 
his age because he was in advance of their 

Whether the effect of devotion to a single 
idea be disastrous or otherwise to the de- 
votees, nothing in all history is better proved 
—nothing in all philosophy is more clearly 
demonstrable — Ihan the fact that it ia a 
damage to the idea. If I wished to disgust 
a community with any single idea I would 
set a man talking about it and advocating It 
who would talk of nothing else. If I wish- 
ed to ruin a cause utterly, I would submit it 
to the advocacy of some Buckeye who would 
thrust it into every man's face, who would 
make every other cause subordinate to it, 
who would refuse to see any objections to 
it, who would accuse all opponents of w«* 
worthy motives, and who would thus exhibit 
bis absolute slavery to it. Men have an 
instinct that tells them that such peoi)le are 
not trustworthy— that their sentimenls and 
opinions are as valueless as ibosc of children. 

No great cause can be forwarded by Ihe 
advocacy of men who have no character, and 
no man c«n devote himself to an idea with- 
out Ihe losfl of character. When a man 
comes forward to promulgate an idea,. we 
inquire into his credentials. How large a 
man is this ? How broad are his sympa- 
tliics ? now wide is his knowledge ? What 
relation does he bear to the great world of 
ideas among which this is only one, and very 
likely a comparatively unimportant one? 
Is he so weak as to be possessed by Ibis 
idea, or does he possess and entertain a 
rational comprehension of its relations to 
himself and the community ? I know that 
multitudes of good men have been so dis- 
gusted with the one-sided, partisan char- 
acter of Ihe advocate of a special idea and 
special reform, that they would have no as- 
sociation with him. 

We have only to learn that a man can see 
nothing but his pet idea, and is really in its 
posstssion, to lose all confidence in his 

When in a court of justice a man testifies 
upon a point that touches his personal in- 
terests or feelings or relations, we say that 
his testimony is not valuable — not reliable. 
It decides nothing for us. We say that the 
evidence does not come from the proper 
source. We do not cxpectcandor from him, 
for we perceive that bis interests are too 
deeply involved to allow sound judgment 
and utterly truthful expressions. It is pre- 
cisely thus with all professional agitators 
and reformers — all devotees of single idetis. 
They are personally so intimately connected 
with their idea — and so enslaved by their 
idea — are so interested in its prosperity — 
that they are not competent to testify with 
relation to it. 

The Good and the Bad In Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

Editor of (hf Journal : — An article in the 
January number of the Journal handles a 
few of the weaknesses of Business College 
proprietors without gloves, and presents a 
good many points for candid consideration. 

Of ( 


would be expected in a communication of 
that character ; but there is enough truth 
in it to justify its printing and careful 
perusal. The Business College enterprise 
hag been of such rapid growth that it would 
he strange indeed if much that is reprehen- 
sible had not grown into its practices. I do 
not claim to know more on this general sub- 
ject than the average teacher who has given 
it serious consideration ; but my long con- 
nection with the work has given me oppor- 
tunities from which I should be dull indeed 
not to have gathered some positive know- 
ledge of what is being done throughout the 
country, Slucb as I despise the low sub- 
terfuges and small arts of certain vnpid pro- 
fessors who trade on the general good name 
and good services of business colleges, I am 
free to say that I do not believe that there is 
to day in this country a more self-respecting 
body of men or those doing more real good 
in their several communities pro- 
prietors and teachers of our business colteges 
taking them as they run. Should anyone 
desire a confirmation of this estimate, let 
him take the time and trouble to attend the 
next convention of the Business Educators' 
Association, to be held in Milwaukee, and 
if it bears any fair comparison with similar 
conventions of this body during the past 
ten years, he will come away from it with 
the firm conviction that the representative 
men in this business are not only conscien- 
tious and intelligent, but are imbued with a 
spirit of progress and a desire to be useful 
In their day and generation to a degree not 
excelled by any body of educators, law- 
makers, philosophers or philanthropists in 
the land. Then, if he will go a step fur- 
ther, and look into the workings of the 
individual schools, note the character of the 
teachers, of the pupils, and of the instruc- 
tion given, keeping in view all the time that 
these schools are special in their aims, hav- 
ing a certain office to perform, and devoting 
themselves entirely to the work which is set 
for them, he will conclude with me, that 
taken as a whole there are no more honest, 
efficient and meritorious enterprises in the 
country than the business colleges as we 
have them. In this calm estimate which 1 

set down in such positive terms I seek to 
lose sight of my connection with the busi- 
ness, or my individual purposes and inspira- 
tions. I speak simply of what I see in 
other schools than my own, and of the men 
who serve them. 

If the business colleges of the country 
had failed in the main purpose of fitting 
young men and women for the duties of 
life, their history would have been short and 
inglorious, and they would not to-day be 
the aggressive forces in our educational 
work which they are recognized to be. It 
is only necessary to note their increasing 
hold upon the public and the feet that they 
are gradually coming to the front as, in an 
important sense, representative American 
schools, to confirm the opinion which I have 
here given. It is quite needless to say, what 
is ever so true, that it is the very fact of the 
genuineness of business college work and 
its acceptance with the public which offers 
the allurements to ambitious charlatans 
indicated by your correspondent. It is 
always the genuine and valuable thingwhich 
tempts the counterfeiter. 

I would not draw an invidious comjiari- 
son between the business colleges and other 
classes of schools, even though tempted to 
do so in retaliation, but it might be awhole- 
some thing for critics to consider the 
amount of genuine work that is being done 

ten years ago that he could take any person 
of ordinarily bright mind and learning 
capacity, and within a space of six mouths 
qualify him other to write from dictation 
at the rate of a hundred and twenty-five 
words a minute — and yet that is just what 
is done without boasting by those institu- 
tions that employ the advanced methods of 
instruction in the art of shorthand. 

There are many things which a sharp 
writer can say, and truthfully, against the 
practices of some so-called business colleges, 
but if there is a more earnest, more intelli- 
gent or more progressive body of educators 
in this country than those who are conduct- 
ing the reputable institutions of this kind, 
I dou't know where to look for them. 

S. S. Pacic\rd. 

Pencils or Pens? 

Why no 

Way : 

Editoi- of the Journal — Deah Siii :— I 
have been a reader of the Jocrnal nearly 
five years, and have been very much inter- 
ested in the discussions concerning the best 
methods of teaching writing. But there is 
one subject regarding which I would like to 
hear more. I refer to the propriety of 
introducing pens in primary schools instead 
of pencils ; of training pupils at the begin- 

wiih proper position and pen" holding, 
the fourth year would find them be_tjer 
writers than it does now. Why the neces- 
sity of teaching the form of the letters the 
first year? Why not teach them to read 
the script before teaching them to write it, 
and in the mean time practice with the pen 
on simple exercises, and learn its freaks and 
tricks, which they cannot learn by using the 
pencil? A. C. Habrod. 

Narvilk, hid. 

Something vs. Nothing. 

Philosophic Betlections by Dr. Laiisley, 
With a Little Adv. Lurking In the 

Editm- of the Journal : — The Journal has 
been a visitor to my home (wife, children 
and all reading it) since its initial number. 
You have printed more wisdom than one 
man ever knew, and more styles of writing 
than any one of the numerous "Best 
Penmen in America " ever dreamed of, I 
have been pleased with all of this, and still 
there has, all this time, seemed to be a void, 
a sort of a kind of a something that I 
wanted, and yet my modesty and sense of 
propriety has prevented me from asking 
directly for what I wanted. I have bided 
my time, and the oasis seems to have opened 
up gloriously in the desert of my longings. 
With what satisfaction then, have I 
observed that you are now each issue pub- 
lishing a picture of a handsome celebrated 
Penman, together with a sample of bis 
penmanship. When I saw this, I said, 
" Lansley, this is your time and oppor- 

1 Copy Executed 

Academy Korthgate, 

by business colleges, not only in preparing 
young men and women for business life, but 
in securing positions and starting them in 
that life. Although it is no part of the work 
of a business co'legc, any more than it is 
that of any classical school or literary col- 
lege, to follow its graduates into the world 
and make openings for them, yet it has been 
so much the practice of the best schools to 
flu the business world around them with 
efficient and acceptable workers, that it has 
become well nigh an implied contract with 
them not only to educate their pupils but to 
find them employment; and I am loth to 
say that few among them, otherwise credit- 
able, trading upon probabilities, have so far 
forgotten their dignity and their fimctions 
as to promise situations to all graduates. 

This, I am free to say, is a reprehensible 
form of cbartalanism, and I am astonished 
that your correspondent, who seems to have 
a keen eye for the weak spots in the har- 
ness, should have overlooked it. 

I cannot conclude this artielewiihout call- 
ing attention to the great field which has 
opened for business colleges during the past 
few years in the line of shorthand and type- 
writing. With the invention and use of 
the typewriter there seems to have grown 
up a new profession— that of theamanuensis, 
and it would astonish those who have not 
given thought to the matter to know what 
a vast field of usefulness has been opened to 
women in this direction. It was the natural 
and proper work of the business colleges to 
take hold of and develop Ibis new industry, 
and they have done it in a most creditable 

It would have been a strange and pre- 
sumptive boast for a teacher to have made 

ning to hold the pen properly and u'^c the 
proper movements, and of occupying the 
first years with the principles and very 
simple exercises — the prime object being to 
acquire proper habits and nip the bad ones 
in the bud. Webstersays : " A great point 
in the education of children is the formation 
of proper habits," and this certainly can 
apply to nothing more strongly than to the 
subject we have in view. There is scarcely 
a child just through his first year in school, 
who in writing his name will not grasp the 
pen so tightly that you could hardly wrest 
it from his hand. You will find it the same 
also at the end of the second and third years, 
and but little improved by the graduating 
classes. My observation has been that by 
the time the pupils reach the high school 
the majority of them have made up their 
minds that they can never become good 
writers, so that "non-essential " is dropped 
out of the course, and they are graduated 
in everything else with fiying colors. Many 
of these graduates are sent directly to the 
primary schools to teach our children to 
write. The first lesson the child gets in 
writing is in form, and the first criticism it 
gets is on the form. Nothing is said about 
position, holding of the pencil or movement. 

Of course the last two are out of the 
question. As it would be difficult to use 
the forearm movement on a four-by-six -inch 
slate, and there could not be much said 
about holding a two-inch pencil. But I 
find that the more form is criticised the 
lighter they grasp the pencil, which being 
smooth can be held in any position and 
grasped very tightly without the serious 
results that attend such usage of the pen, 
and here they form habits that are almost 
impossible to overcome after three or feur 
years of such practice. 


tunity. This is the tide, which taken afore 
it 'git!*,' will herald your greatness to pos- 
terity." I would not like to pounce down, 
as it were, and snatch all the coveted noto- 
riety from my confreres in one fell swoop ; 
so instead of sending you my picture, a 
bald eagle, and the noble stag trampling all 
the squirm out of that Biblical crawler, his 
snakeship, I will content myself by sending 
you mysignalure. Please publish my name 
with ail the fiourish and circumstance with 
which it appears below, seeing that the 
engraver does his part well, for you know 
how easy it is for the engraver to deprive a 
signature of that flowing grace and pristine 
beauty so perfect in the original. Of c 

America," or any other nation, can have an 
exact copy of this signaturp by sending me 
twenty-five cents in gold coin, (trade dollars 
or Canada postage-stamps not received), by 
return mail. I will send one made with a 
pen, (no shabby engraved specimens sent 
out from this office). 

Now, Mr. Editor. I shall expect to see this 
published, and while it contains a neat little 
advertisement edged in, still you may not 
notice that feature, and I'll get the benefit 
while you pay the printer. 

Also, don't fail to send me a dozen or 
twenty extra complimentary copies contain- 
ing the signature, and send me three speci- 
men copies of each month for the year 1886, 
as I would like to dispose of them " where 
they will do (me) the most good." Also, 
again, you forgot to send me any samples 
for January; please put my name on your 
free sample list, and send a few copies each 
month, and thereby pave the way for a 
regular " setting up " if you should neglect 

t any t 



> Ah I J«)i K\ VI. 

nship on the Road. 

Average Scribe 

'^-^ THE JOUR. 
NAL:— We are 
begiuning to dis- 
cover that the labor 
of the Itinerant 
Cbirographer of the 
(lay is an attempt at 

ratberthan pbilanthropby. The Itinerant of 
to day seems to regard all the objects of his 
care as contributions to his fortune, and 
accordmglj solicits aid of the weak and the 
strong. He never forgets that in the widen- 
ing range of thought which characterizes 
our age, no man can hope to do any special 
service to his fellows except he makes some 
special study of the demands of his gastro- 
nomical anatomy, and it is with something 

plest kind, and that he dfsired to get up a 
class in my town. He received but two 
applications for instruction. One-half of 
these, I subsequently learned, was disposed 
to shake because the artist showed a weak 
hand and a rheumatic bird of uncertain 
feather. When he had eliminated from the 
remaining half those whose faults of artistic 
skill and chirographic diction were too glar- 
ing to keep the tour in a state of suspense, 
the tourist left town on the evening train 
without giving a free lecture on the graphic 

This deficiency in the knowledge of 
rudimentary principles is not confined to 
beginners in chirographic life. A gray- 
headed sire was appointed a few years ago, 
by a committee of himself, as the care taker 
of the chirography of several minor children 
in my neighborhood. Apparently through 
absolute ignorance of his duty, this man 
instead of investing his funds and time in 
what are known as loop and stem securities, 
risked all in his own style of penmaiiship. 
When he was called upon to show why 
trust should be imposed in him, be exhibited 

A Morning at Packard's. 

On Friday moruiugof hist week, I dropped 
in at Packard's, knowing that on this morn- 
ing of the week, it is the custom there to 
spend an hour in general discussions and ex- 
ercises of a more or less extemporaneous 
sort. This was the morning of Good Fri- 
day, and on that account some of the seats 
were vacant, but there was. nevertheless, a 
large assemblage of bright boys and girls, 
and the hour was spent in a most pleasing 
and instructive manner. I have long known 
that Mr. Packard was doing effective work 
in a very important departmentof education, 
namely, that of introducing young people 
lo themselves, as he expresses it, by showing 
them their deficiencies and promoting their 
proficiencies in the matter of thinking and 
speaking. Mr. Packard's theory is that there 
can be no real success in any educational 
effort without a suitable impulse on Ihe 
student's part, and that ordinarily, that im- 
pulse must come from a natural desire for 
knowledge, from the discovery of unexpect- 
ed ability to acquire knowledge, or from a 

of : 



natural desire for learning is possessed by 
comparitively few, and as to the other two 
impulses, there is no way in which they 
can be brought to bear so effectually as 
in reciuiring the student to express his 
thoughts. An attempt in this dircc- 


{ ^^^^ti^L,ri.^:<:l-ty(/^ /^^//^ 





Autugraph I.etter uf £. K. Isaacs. (Portrait aiul Sketch on Fage A 

like delight that I present the idea to you. 
This is one step at least in the right direc- 
tion, and in a modest way, it offers to that 
large class of young men and young women 
who aim to secure by their industry an in- 
dependent livelihood, the opportunity of 
aiding the onward march of art. Its ten- 
dency is to elevate the standards of business 
procedure, and, without resorting to any 
finely-spun theories, to solve one social prob 
lem by opening a wide door to the activity 
of the circulating medium, an article which 
is no mean agent in the work of a higher 
culture. The man who can read intelli- 
genlly, who can write correctly, and who 
has that knowledge of the elements of 
mathematics which will enable him to keep 
his mouth shut when the grocer fails to add 
in his bill the last lot of smoked herring, 
along with the professional rounder, has an 
equal chance, without the aid of a profes- 
sional tiacher, to aid in rearing a super- 
structure of learning lofty indeed. 

It may not be astonishing when you come 
to think of it, how far from the mastery of 
these elements are a large majority of men 
engaged in touring pursuits, and who style 
themselves professional penmen. Not long 
ago, a gentleman who was touring the coun- 
try told me that he had been on the road for 
eight years, and that during all that time he 
had been teaching penmanship of the sim- 

only a lot of "copies written by the last 
class." The said copies being laid off with- 
out regard to "the order of simplicity," 
and angular to a degree unknown outside 
of a test book on geometry. 

In holding their guardian to liability for 
this palpable breach of faiih, the wards 
(between themselves, their fathers and 
mothers, their sisters and brothers, their 
cousins, their uncles and their aunts), in 
addition to the money which they supposed 
he had earned, let him "board around.'' 
The first inquiry, then, with him was as to 
the amount of profit. I entertained this 
stranger for a night. I never afterwards 
learned that I had entertained an angel 
unawares. As my heart throbbed, and my 
voice thrilled, and I grew eloquent on sub- 
jects chirographic, this man sat there like a 
side of bacon, and refused to eitherthroh or 
thrill. I inquired as to what part of the capi- 
tal of his business resulted from perusal of 
works on penmanship— and what from indi- 
vidual acumen ; whether ideas of others 
were treated as capital ; and whether del cre- 
dere ideas were kept distinct from ordinary 
ideas. To these and other inquiries he was 
unable to give a single intelligent reply. 

a Business Collf^ 
taught him the principles of the science of 
which he knew nothing, not even had his 
schooling been supervised by the princely 

tiou has the effect, usually, to either as- 
tonish the pupil at his unexpected power 
of expression, or to disgust him with his ap- 
parent lack of words, or lack of thoughts, 
or both. Thus he is encouraged on the one 
hand to persevere in well doing.and impelled 
on the other to overcome difficulties. It 
often happens that one may have a faculty 
of expression without having much to ex- 
press, and a knowledge of this deficiency 
will often incite to study, investigation and 
observation. The difliculty of expressing 
thoughts comes more frequently from em- 
barrassment than from lack of words ; and 
Mr. Packard's processes are admirably 
adapted to overcome this drawback. His 
effort is to divest the pupil of the idea that 
he is making a speech, and to impress him 
rather that he is among his friends, engaged 
with them and they with him, to make an 
hour pass off pleasanily and instructively. 
If he has a good story to tell, he is encour- 
aged to tell It ; if he knows something which 
he thinks would be of interesst to his fel- 
lows, he is asked to relate it ; and if he has 
prepared himself specially on any subject, 
he knows full well that the best he can do 
will be none too good for his listeners. 

I learned that on this occasion a particular 
ubject was to be presented for discussion. 

in the discussion. It appears that in speak- 
ing of the recent contest between the Coro- 
net and the Dauntless, the 2\'ew York Sun 
had suggested that the better way to test the 
qualitiesof the two vessels and their ofllcers, 
would be to start from the same point and sail 
around the world in ojipositc directions, one 
going by the way of Cape Horn, and the 

other by the way of Cape of Good Hope, a 
prize being given to the one that should get 
back to New York first. In response to 
this suggestion. Capt. Codman had sent a 
communication to theSuv, offering to slake 
$100,000 on a contest of this kind, giving to 
the opponent a choiee of yachts, while he 
would take a pilot boat, or a fishing smack 
— the only favor he would ask being the 
choice of routes. As his offer was not ac- 
cepted, he sent the challenge to Packard's 
with a request that the boys figure out the 
probabilities and possibilities of the two 
routes. The result of tbcir investigation 
was to be made known on Friday morning. 

Captain Cod man waslatein coming, and to 
fill in the time, Mr. Packard suggested a novel 
and interesting exercise. Heasked for volun- 
teers to respond to any question which 
might be suggested on the spur of the mo- 
ment. A half dozen students expressed 
their willingness to be thus tortured. One of 
them was immediately called upon and asked 
lo slate his opinion as to the best use of time. 
It took the young man a few moments to 
recover from his surprise and to get the use of 
his wings for a fiighl. but after ■* wobbling" 
about for a short time, he struck a line of 
thought and did himself great credit. The 
next person was asked his opinion be- 
tween life in the country and life in the 
city. As he had had experience in both, the 
subjecthappened'to strike him favorably.and 
he made a number of excellent points. The 
next student being called to his feet was 
asked whal he knew about cals. He re- 
marked instantly. "I know a good deal 
about cats, and if I had been called upon to 
select a topic for myself this would have 
been the one." lie then proceeded to de- 
scribe the interesting process of feeding 
the down-town office cats, so well under- 
stood by the readers of New York papers. 
The description was graphic, taken as it was 
from his own personal observations, and 
was followed by a general dissertation on 
cats, as they manifcht themselves in well or- 
dered f?.miUes anl in the back-yards. This 
effort was very productive of reminiscences 
on the part of other students, and ten or 
fifteen minutes was devoted to telling stories 
about cats; some of which were exceedingly 
apt and interesling. 

Captain Codman appearing at this time, 
the subject appointed for the morning was 
taken up. A map of the world was hung 
up, and with pointer in hand, the students, 
one after another, gave the results of their 
investigations concerning the two different 
sailing routes, with the advantages and dis- 
advantages, including the currents, favora- 
ble and adverse, the prevailing winds^etc, 
etc. In each case the speaker seemed to 
have made the matter a subject of serious 
investigation by reading and by conferring 
with nautical men. When they were through 
Captain Cod man took the platform and ex- 
plained at Ifncrib the coiHliiiniiG of the two 
routes. ni.'ikiiiLj hi- i^MinK' lU-iirU- uinirrstood 

andhoMiii- il<^ .( n <.i il,, mi iic- body 

throughdiii II' !' iln ili-iaiii !■ l*y the 

way of thr (':ipr .-r ilnmi In ))(.■ aboui 
29,160 miles, and tha( by way <.f Cnpe Horn, 
33,640 miles— a difference of 4,380 miles in 
favor of the former route. 

The entertainment struck me. on the 
whole, ns being something new and valua- 
ble in the way of education, anil I learned 
upon inquiry that it is a favorite way of 
Mr. Packard to get the boys interested 
deeply on some important question, finally 
bringing it up for a Friday morning discus- 
sion, when he is likely to precipitate upon 
the scene some eminent expert, who having 
heard all that could be said, will close up 
the discussion by a valuable lecture upon 
the subject. A few weeks ago the boys 
were discussing the Tenement House ques- 
tion, and Mr. Wiugate unexpectedly ap- 
peared in their midst, and took away their 
breath by a graphic recital of his experi- 
ences among (he crowded and suffocated 
poor of the ciiy. 

Mr. Packard gave a new phase to the idea 
of what education consists of. by saying 
that it is "knmtind where to look for things," 
and he carries out this idea by sending his 
students out in quest of the iuformatiou 
they want. If it is not to be found in books, 
then it is to be learned from men and from 
observation, and Jie constitutes bis pupils a 
band of iiiti-rvicwvrs, whose business il is to 

wi.s rLlMillril, ;mjJ 1 iir :m < lii iicy with which 
thrV piebLiil llicii ijoiuts of information 
thus obtained is sometimes astonishing. A 
question came up one morning as to the 
methods of scene-shifting in a theatre, and 
a student offered to gel llie de.--ired informa- 
tion, lie \ i".ii 'I II" il -■ 1 1 1.1 1 1 i'\ I 
|., r.M -i, r ..! ..h-iTving 

i:. . ' ■■ • .1. -. .L liirge 

I the 

theentin i ):■ ' 

fund of iiJi" ■!' ■ ' 

generally, wlmli In _ i ■ ! . i: 
instruction audeuii 1 1 :ii(L'd8. 

As this is in no -< i i '> l^:lrd'8 

College, I will nui m i <■ ^ ■ - .i\ how 
many things I saw lli i! .-ii m \.. <l m,- us to 
modern methods of Irnrning, liui 1 will say 
that I came away from the charmed circle 
with a feeling ot genuine regret that when 

.tbodv did 

tind . 

, for 

%()'( of '^f^oooqiapftfj, 

The Study of Phonography. 

87. Ad iniluil book is ooe written at the 
beginning of the stem and read after the 
81 em and the vowel which precedes il. 
There are four initial books. They repre- 
acnl the sounds of I, r, w. and y. 

88. When no distinct vowel sound occurs 
between I. r. or w, aud the preceding con- 
sonant, a book niay be used insieiid uf the 
stem. It follows that a hook can never 
represent the first consonant sound of any 

89. As the y hook is employed in phrase 
writing only, its use will be explained here- 

90. The i and r hooks are written on all 
stems, the I book being small on straight 
stems and large on curved stems. 

91. The Jp book is written on straight 

\piNprc — Kl ^Kr V PI "L Fr 
t^Kl *i_/ Nr ^ Pw f Tw C^ Kw (>^Rw 

92. An initial hook is read immediately 
after the stem upon which it is written. 

94. It is not always possible lomake a 
medial hook perfect and at the same time 
make it easily, hut it can be made plain 
enough for practical purposes and should 
always be written in such a way as not to 
interfere with speed. 


95. The rules for writing L, R, and SH 
ire observed in writing booked stems 
xcept in the case of Rl which is generally 
vrilten with the upward sign for R. 


^^iy finarl..-:^r^narly 

96. A circle may be written to any hook 
and is always read before the stem and the 




97. Instead of writing the circle in the r 
hook on straight stems, it is writteu on the 
r side; ibe large circle and small loop which 
cannot be written within a circle may he 
written on the r side of a straight stem, 
Wlien a circle is thus writteu on the r side 
of a straight stem, it indicates that an ;■ 
sound immediately follows the stem. 






98. When a circle and r occur between 
stems, it is often more convenient to write 
the hook than to indicate it by writing the 
circle on the t side. In auch cases the hook 
Is always used. 


1. Initial circle or loop. 

2. Vowel before the stem. 
8. Stem, 

4. Initial hook, 

5. Vowel after the stem, 

6. nalving or lengthening. 

7. Final circle or loop. 

100. In writing the lesson be careful lo 
make the hooks of the proper size. 

■worth. v. was... .when. A we re .where,-r^.. 

her.T^.. could _^ people..^.. Mr 

■brother, number 'N. difficulties^. 
belong-ed-lng.^.-^-.^■ , believe-f.\^. 

tesson XIV. 

track twill 

black qui II 

ollok query 

plui;k twettK 

Carkle channel 
cookery pickle 

gabble shaker 

chiefly (Ibel 

twl/ight flower 



honorable truckled 

aeparato Bpnte 

disable peacefully 

peaceable risible 
peacefully vestry 
poisoner mysiery 

I'lay black Inquest 

spray quickest esquire 




measured flexible 



A Queer Family. 

ihla number) and 

ordswiitten out of position, (see 
') and Gonsoiiants represented by 
italicized ] 

But Baby was a source of pleasure when 
7iii< big brother ii>a» thought vf. ■ That hoy 
was always in the way though ht was Invari- 
ably out of sound and reach wheu lif teas 
needed. He was not bad, but somehow, fi€ 
)cas not good either. "His stars were un- 
propitjous " (N - Pr - P - SIIs), his brother 
Abraham said. "They wtw/W not twinkle 
for him worth a cent." lie would play 
exactly where lit pleased, and when he played 
where he pleased he got into trouble. If /le 
played by the dog kennel, the dog would 
spring out aHd snarl at^iVf. If ?ie played 
in the stable, it was certain to be at the 
precise time tphen old Brownie iraa switch- 
ing insects away and would take J?ob's eye 
for a fly. If A* visited the cook /« displaced 
the salt and pepper, got mustard in his eyes, 
and upset the molasses. 

Abraham was a queer fe/low too. It loas 
ahnost impossible to ut'ract his notice if Ae 
was absorbed in a book. He sat down to 
read " LitUe People of Other Climes," ond 
when he had read Ote iast page and looked 
up a spider web was stretched/rom his kneJ 
to the floor. Almost uverythtng got him into 
trouble. If he was set to watch the baby, 
the poor liUlu feHow would put paper in his 
mouth or climb up on the table. Wfien the 
/ibraj-y ceiling was being frescoed, lie 
climbed up the ladder to get out of tfie way 
and crawled up on a bracket oter the book- 
case. l^Jie /aborers moved the book-case, 
took out the Mdder, and when finally Abra- 
ham looked up, he was soHtary in the great 
room, eight fevi from the floor. 

Ilis sister Grace teas a queer girl too. She 
iras ns sour as if she hud /ived twelve lea- 
gues from a lump of sugar. She was as 
cross as two sticks. But it was not strange, 
belonging to such a father and mother. She 
was the most unlucky girl in her class. At 
home if she skipped rope it invariably trip- 

ped her ; if sbesme^led ^ partirularly j^reiiy 
flower, it was certain to prick her uoae and 
make her cry. Indeed, it would retiviirc a 
number of St. Nicholas /^r me to relate a/1 
her dipculties from almost any Monday to 
the next Saturday night. But what else 
could you expect of a girl with such a father 
and mother 08 Mr. and Mrs. Clapp. What! 
did I not say anything about themf You 
must be satisfied to know that the father was 
a night editor ; Uiat is, fie wro*e every uight 
for a newspaper that had to be sent out to 
thousands o/ readers at breakfast ^imf next 
day. So he had lo s/eep a/1 day and that 
was quite enough to upset any house. As 
for t/te mother, she belonged to a. first family. 
Well, we «/l know what first faml/ies are. 
Zook at Adam. He ftelongid to a first family. 
So did Eve. And this mother was so busy 
belonging to - a first fami/y that it is not 
strange that everything was so queer. This 
is not clear perhaps, but it /* all the reason / 
Iiave to give just at present. 

And I have no moral to gice either. Any 
moral that would come out of such a fnmi/y 
would not be worth havinq. 


Own ^ 

There \ 

Truth 1. 

Wind) . ./. 

Exercise for Practice. 

[In (his exercise, use the new tioks foro^, to, and 
who. as esplalned by Mr. Muosou in the October 
Journal. The fourth position 1^ used to indicate 
lo only when the word that follows has a lull- 
length down stroke. 

Words to bo Joined In phrases are enolosed 
in parenlhe^es; oontraotictns and words out of 
regular outline is employed 



{" Did you eur) run (forybur) life T (said 
fte.) {with a) funny twinkle (of the) eye. " I 
(tel! you),— /A«/ to put in the best stride (you 
know), and (to clear) every log. and take uo 
help at any ditch, but just (to run,) run', 
run,— (Aa//a) mile,— three ?«((r/^rs.—(aH(f a) 
mile, — (to feel) your heart up (in ^rowr) ibroat, 
your lungs pumping, and pumping noth- 
ing, (while you) just run. run, rnu.— and 
know that one false step is death ;—/ "(tell 
you) (that is) what a man remembers. (That 
was) //(c way /ran. (/dared) not look back. 
{/ fcjunc) (I was) well ahead (of all) (but one) 
man. But (/ could) (hear his) steady step, 
step, step, step. — just (in the time) (o/mine.) 
(Was he) taller (than /,) or shorter t (/ 
dared) not look round and see. But (I 
knew) his stride depended (on that), (lie 
wa^) gaining nothing (on me) (in time); (was 
he) gaining in length of pace V 

"(Where was) / running to? Why, (to 
our) poor little shanty, where (/ had) left 
George Orcutt lame in bed. What safely 
(would that) be V These devils could tear it 
■low D in thirty seconds. (Idid not know), 
but I ran ! 

" I niu— (with the) one man close behind. 
and (Ihe others) yelling further hack. (lie 
did not) yell. (He saved his) hreaih for 
running. But (he did not) (catch me). / 
flung t/w door open. / crowded down t/it 
latch. / stuck a domino (from the) table in 
(between the) latch (and the) latch-guard, and 
(with this) (as my) poor fortress, / flung my- 
self (on tlie) floor. The man dashed up 
(after me), but (did not) (so much as) (try the) 

"An instant showed why: for in ten 
seconds the wolves, (as they) seemed, were 

'' » AH I ^JOIKNAI. 


howling round Am. (Then /A#) man, who- 
ett^r (Ac "•"'). said: 'The first man that 
step9(on tbis)pIank(Ma)deadmun ! (There's 
been) enough (of this) bullying ! Dirty Dick, 
(take care) (you are not) seen again (in this 
county). {I give you) six hours (to be gone). 
Chip and Leathers, (you had) best go (with 
him), or (m'thout him.) Your room is (belter 
than) your company. (/ will hntx the) 
sheriflf hert by night, and (we will) see what 
sort {of men) are going (to jump) claims (od 
this) creek. You fellow {with the) red 
beard, who (ran awny)/;w« Angeles, (there's 
a) warrant out against you. Undersland, 
all o/you,.(Mo( this) game ts played about 

" ( Wk'i was) this celestial visitant ? Orcutt 
{audi) listened in amazemeot. {Waii this) 
the way Raphael addressed the rebellious 
spirits when MiltOD {was not) (at hand)? {Any 
way,)they answered (much ns-the) rebellious 
spirits {would have done.) Some swore, 
some laughed, ot/ier some, (on the outside,) 
turned round and vamosed. So Orcutt (told 
me,) w/uttic eye was (at a) knot-hole. The 
celestial visitant said (not a) word more. But 
in five minutes the whole crew {of them) {was 

" Then / unlatched the door. Raphael 
came in, and was — Harry Wadsworth ! 
Yes I that light.- frail fellow, whom we car- 
ried so easily to-day, {was the man) who 
looked those beggars (in the) eye {Hutt day), 
and saved (iny life) {for me !) 

' {That was) the beginning {with me), and 
(there are) few things {he and I) {have not) 
done together (since that). (We have) slept 
(under the) same blanket, and starved (on 
the) same trail. And if {any man) ecer 
taught me anytfiins. tJiat dear fellow 
(taught mc) alio/ life (I know) ythat is) woi'th 
knowing." — E. E Hale. 

[This exerclBe, written in pbonoiiraphy, will be 
sent to any subscriber who aends stamped and su. 
peracribed envelope to Mrs. L. H. Packard, 805 
Broadway, New Yorl;.] 

Isaac Pitman's Gift to the World, 
During this jubilee year of shorLhand, the 
thoughts of shorthand writers will be turn- 
ed to Isaac Pitman, who is the man to be 
honored; and the chief honor wbich will be 
done to his name and services will center in 
the fact that fifty years ago he presented to 
the public a system of sow/irf-wriling. 

'e too much 
recoj;nitiou for this great gift to the world, 
but tliere may bi- danger that another quite 
as grcut a gift may be lost sight of, or at 
least undervalued, and ihat is the gift of his 
own blameless, earnest life. Mr. Pitman is 
the best living example we know of entire 
devotion to a noble idea. A min of 74. with 
a life-time of unremitting laiior behind him. 
be is still to be found at his daily tasks, from 
6 in the morning to 6 in the evening, work- 
ing witli llic pr^^rfuuclory fidelity of an em- 
ployctf, ami rtni!iii>r bis days all too short for 
bis" duties, Hi^ life hasbeen one of pure 
d 'votiou to priiiciple. and regulated by the 
hi:;lu'sl icli:;ious ideals, and whoever seeks 
to do full honor to the author of pboDOgra- 
phy, on this his semi-centennial anniversary 

lind, the 


Monosyllabic Writing. 

writer of the present day knows f 
words of one sylla^'le i 

well ho' 

does Edward Everett Hale. There 
his writing no apparent effort to this end, 
but one can hardly tbink, after takiu^ an 
inventory of the monosyllabic words in a 
given space, that the large proportion of 
such words comes by chance or in the way 
of a naturul simple style. And yet. the 
style is so mitural and seems so purely the 
expression of the paramount thought and 
feeling that the mere mechanism of the 
phrases, or the possibility of their being 
studied with a view to simplicity never oc- 
curs to the reader. 

Shorthand Noles. 

In the May number a list of phrases will 
be given which learners of phonograpy will 

A very neat outfit for students in short- 
hand is furnished at low rates by S. 8. 
Packard, 805 Broadway, New York. 

The shorthand script in Mr. Jforris's 
Mentor is very creditable art work ; and 
so is the publication as a whole. Rather 
too many explanations and apologies, how- 
ever, for this imperfect world. 

Brother Bridge, of the Oaskell Magazine, 
pursues his Socratic method of instruction 
with increasing juvenile zest. Aa the world 
grows older. Brother Bridge grows younger, 
and thus meets the requirements of his 
growing constituency. 

The printer made sad work with the last 
"E.xercise for Practice." Those who at- 
tempted to write it as it was marked en- 
countered some impossible pbra?es and 
others that made difficult or illegible ovit- 
Hnes. To all who sent for the phonographic 

"Bertha'' asks if woman should not 
exact and receive the same as men for the 
same service, Of course they should 
exact it. aT)d receive il— if it is offered them 
— without compunction ; but then, if cruel 
man will insist upon paying less for the 
work of women than for that of men. what 
are the poor girls to do? They might 
strike, but that is scarcely a womnus 
weapon, nor is it a woman's way. The 
probabilities are that in most cases they will, 
take the smaller price under a mental pro- 
test, and after making themselves in<lis- 
pensable, demand their just pay. This is 
what we would advise Bertha to do. 

Freehand Drawing. 

This lesson is intended principally to 
illustrate a metbod of constructing several 
flights of steps differently situated, and also 
to place figures in different situations in 
relation to them. First draw the principal 
vanishing line at the supposed height of sis 
feet, half an inch to the foot Then mark 
off a point of distance, one-quarter of the 
unit of measurement representing the area 
distance, this being one-half inch ; take one 

Beats the Anderson Machine. 
Its name is " graphophone," and it works 
with a line needle in wax, and it "does 
away with shorthand," and reduces tbe 
price of amanuenses from $100 to $40 a 
month, and telephone Bell is at the bottom 
of it. What more can be said V 

Answers to Correspondents. 

E V C . Buffalo.— Statistics concerning 
the MuQson News are difficult to obtain. 
Address the publisher. 

Fuper uu Pttrepeotlvi 

ere given, also 
:iDguished and 
applicable to 


The newest thing in shorthand is the 
hotel amanuensis ; but he has come with 
baggage, and come to stay — only lie is quite 
likely to be sfie before the thing gets well 
established. However, sex has nothing to 
do with tbe innovation, which is a ^ood one 
and should be encouDijirf! S^n Irr ilif r-jick 
of tbe type-wriler ko p '!'r> ....... w\\\i 

the vibration of tlu' i- : ; uuut 

and the " hello" of Ibr I . I . h ihe 

Nineteenth century_i>a-si - ^'Hi in -1 i>l \/o of 

One of the best things that have appeared 
in the Shorthand journals of late is tbe 
article on Beecher, by his stenographer, Mr. 
Eilinwood, published in the Phonographic 
Wm-ld for April. It was a journalistic 
triumph to secure so timely and excellent a 
contribution, and a graceful pri'fessional 
act on the part of the writer to furnish it. 
It is an article worthy of any setting, and 
is as modest as it is entertaining and in- 
structive. It is well known lo the public 
that Mr. Beecher preferred his own stenop- 
rapher. but few among us have realized 
the extent of Mr. Ellinwood's services as 
such stenographer. Of all the friends of 
the great preacher, no one is more capable 
of speaking of him aa he was than this 
modest Graham reporter and teacher. He 
ought to say more. 

quarter of that, to wit., one-fourth of an 
inch. Let it be supposed that tbe real dis- 
tance is forty-eight feet ; then take forty- 
eight and one-eighth, which will bring the 
point of distance within the limits of tbe 
paper. Now to measure all lines parallel to 
the perspective plane, whether vertical or 
horizontal, take the measurement from the 
half inch scale at the right ; but to measure 
the receding distances of one of these lines 
from another, for instance, the disiance of 
tbe horizontal base line of the first flight of 
steps from the base line of the picture, take 
eight and one half inches from a scale or 
rule, and laying that length on the base line 
of tbe picture, draw a line to the fractional 
distance on the principal vanishing line, 
marked DSi^. This, by its intersection with 
tbe receding base line of the building, will 
show that the first step is eight feet distant 
from tbe base line In the same way the 
receding length of the first step is ascer- 
tained lo be sis feet, so all the receding 
lengths or distances can be found. The dis- 
tance of the first figure is found by drawing 
a horizontal line to the same receding line, 
and a line iniersecting this from the base 
line to the distance poinl. as In tbe ex- 
ample, and. the first figure, marked 1. will 

the horizontal line to tbe receding line to 
the left, marked A, and erecting a vertical 
to the vanishing line. The distance and the 
height of the other figures is found in the 
same way. The receding lines on the 
inclined roof converge to a point on a verti- 
cal drawn from the principal vanishing 
point, V P. {Sm cut on this page.) 

P DL'CATION.— Education is the knowl- 
^ edge of how to use the whole of one's 
self. Men are often like knives with many 
blades ; they know how lo open one, and 
only one ; all Ihe rest are buried in the 
handle, and they are no better than they 
would have been if they bad been made 
wilh but one blade Many men use but one 
or two faculties out of tbe score wilh which 
they are endowed. A man is educated who 
knows how lo make atool of every faculty — 
how to open il, how to keep it sharp, and 
how to apply it to all practical purposes. — 
Henry Ward Beecher. 

The Tni> 

G That Tei-lb-U 

is not what 

the best me 

do, but what they a 

e. that con- 

stitutes the 

T truest benefacti 

m to their 


Certainly in our 

own little 

sphere, it i 

not tbe most acli 

e people to 

whom we 

we the most. Amor 

g the com- 

mon people whom we know it is not neces- 
sarily those who are busiest, not those who, 
meteor-like, are ever on the rupb after some 
visible change and work. // is the Utes like 
the stars, which simply pour down on us 
the calm light of their bright and faithful 
being, up to which we look, and out of 
which we gather the deepest calm and 
courage." — Phillips Brooks. 

Teachers and Teaciietis.— There are 
teachers who work after a pattern — Ihey are 
artisans; teachers who follow an ideal erect- 
ed by their own minds— they are artists ; 
and teachers who patch up the work of 
others — they are cobblers.— Col. F. W, 

Perils of Monopoly. — I hate a capital- 
ist, no matter how he becum one. I hate 
the meenspirited, grovelin retch wich will 
work ten or more hours a day, deprivin his- 
self uv beer, and terbacker. and cards, and 
bilyards, and hos racin, and sich, savin 
peny by peny til he hez ground enough out 
of the world to hev a shop uv his own, and 
to employ other men to slave fur him. and 
thus go on accumulatin til he owns things. 
Such men arc monopolists, and the enemies 
of labor, and triinders. I hold that the 
possession of aten dolar bil makes a monop- 
olist, and al sich shood be crushed. Ez 
heviu a ten dolar bil makes a man a monop- 
olist, his monopolism increases jist in pro- 
porchen to the ten dolar bils he hez. The 
owner of a factory is a enemy to the human 
race, and ez for the man who bilds a rail- 
road, he 

" Is a monster uv suoh bldgus mean, 
That to be hated needs but to be seen." 
—Bet. PetroUum V. Kasby. 

Self-Government : Its Perils and 
Promises. — As has been suid. no man's 
character is made for him. There comes a 
time when the work must pass into one's 
own hands for direction and completion. 
Self-government is always a difficult thing. 
In its beginnings it has something perilous 
in it. Peculiar temptations assail it; cun- 
ning fascinations strive to lead it. It puts 
a young man to the severest test of the metal 
there is in him. Away from home, unseen 
by friends, unknown comparatively, beset 
by temptations that make his very independ- 
ence their leverage— find out what a young 
man will do in such circumstances, and you 
have found him ovX.—Btv. J. 6". Biggt, via 
Bocfu-ster Commercial Review. 

Art or Science ?— It seems lo me that 
English grammar should be taught in the 
form of •■ Language Lessons " as an an and 
not as a science, from the beginning of the 
pupils school life till the last year of his 
Grammar School course. Id that year the 
subject may be profitably pursued as a 
science, but even then, its treatment should 
be simple and elementary. Its fuller con- 
sideration should be reserved for the High 
School, where mature age and wider oppor- 
tunity will enable the pupil to siudy English 
grammar historically and comparatively, 
and so make of il a real and not a psetido 
science.— .4. i- Mann, in Pacific Schotl 
Journal, San Francisco. 

AlS I JOllJNAl, 

The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

(iT^IIERE are 
-*■ about 8,000 
type-writers in use 
in New York cily," 
said a leading mnnu- 
facturer of the 

nearly 5,000 of llieni 
are operated by 

'•How fast ciin young lady experts bandle 
the keys ?" 

" The Appletons are conducting a test to 
secure reliable iuformntion for their Cyclo- 
pfcdia. We consider Miss M. Orr the most 
rapid operator in New York. She 
averaged, on this test, eighty-six words to 
llie minute for five minutes in succession. 
It was licavy, flufamiliiir matter, most of 
the words being long. Of course she could 
turn nut more words than that if the words 
were short and the matter selected and 
familiar. Other fast operators are Miss 
May Grant, Miss Buettner and Miss Phelan. 
These can all type-write three limes as fast 
as a skillful penman can write. Mrs. M. A. 
Saunders was the first lady to operate 
any machine, which she did in 1876, and 
the first teacher in the employ of a type- 
writer company. The first school for 
operators was opened in 1878 by Mrs. J. M. 

ner in typewriting, but expert type-writers 
get more than expert stenographers. The 
former are much more rare than the latter." 

" And do all this multitude of women get 
places after they graduate ?"-f- 

" Bless you, no ! At least a thousand are 
turned out each year who never get posi- 

" How is tbat ?" 

"Well, the number of real schools tbul 
can be relied upon to graduate good opera- 
tors is less than a dozen. There arc a 
leg-ion of people who buy machines, set to 
work and try to teach themselves, and then 
put out a sign and take pupils, whose work 
is not acceptable. Business men are much 
more particular about typewriting than 
they are about manuscript. Hence, these 
poorly-instructed women lose their time and 
the money they have paid for tuition." 

"Do you think young lad' es are as ex- 
pert operators as gentlemen operators ?" 

" Well, two of the best judges in the 
city were overheard to express the opinion 
tbat ladies were much more expert." 

" llow are the young ladies treated ?" 

"Splendidly. They get shorter hours and 
better pay than young men, and are better 
liked. 'Bring all the ladies you please.' 
said the manager of a large law office ; * my 
ofBce is the best in this city, and I lay it to 
the young ladies Why, a young lady oper- 
ator purifies the atmosphere of an ofiice. 
They won't stay where they are not well 
treated. One gentleman built an annex to 
his office in order that his lady operator 

economist, both for herself and her em- 
ployer." — JV. T, Sun. 

The Oia LoiKlan Street. 

Under the above name there has recently 
been inaugurated, at 728-730 Broadway, a 
most unique and instructive exhibition, 
consisting of reproductions of a goodly 
number of quaint old buildings made mem- 
orable in history and romance, among which 
may be mentioned the dwellings of Oliver 
Cromwell, Isaak Walton, Sir Kichard Wbit- 
tington. Sir Paul Pindar, Ashmole, the an- 
tiquary. Sir Hicbard Saltonstall, etc. ; also 
the Old Cock Tavern, the Queen's Head. 
Devil Tavern. Tabard Inn, Anchor and 
Hope Tavern, St. Andrew's Church, Gun- 
powder Plot House, etc., etc. And not 
alone is the visitor gratified by a glimpse of 
London in ye olden lime, but he may listen 
to choice musical compositions creditably 
rendered by the band, and old English 
madrigals sung by a male quartette and by 
a choir of boys. He may visit the gallery 
and ^aze upon modern London as shown 
by the stereopticon, may be amused and 
perhaps instructed by the king's ,iester, or 
may laugb at the felicities and infelicities 
of Punch and Judy. In short, be will see 
and hear enough to convince him tbat Old 
London Street is coming to be a marked 
feature of entertainment in the metropolis 
of America. 

P. S. — He should not forget, when there, 
to call on our associate, B. F. Eclley, at the 
Anchor and Hope. 

natural love for the beautiful, their deli- 
cacy of touch— all these things arc in their 
favor. Yet it is a fact that veryfew women 
ever become good penmen — orpenwomen, 
to use a more exact term ; and as for mak- 
ing a living from the profession of penman- 
ship, how rarely do we bear of a woman's 
doing it I A "lady copyist" is almost 
always a type machine operator. Where 
handsome correspondence is required, the 
clerk is in very rare cases a lady. Even in 
teaching, which ladies have pursued as a 
profession for so long, while everything else 
comes witbin their list of accomplishmenls 
— music, drawing, painting, modern lan- 
guages, higher mathematics— when do we 
ever hear of a lady teaching penmanship ? 
From time immemorial this has been the 
sole province of the ' ' writing master. " 

Now all this, I say, is not as it should 
be. There is no reason why women should 
notexcelin artistic penmanship. There is 
no reason why they should not become 
engrossing and copying clerks, private 
secretaries, bookkeepers, corresponding 
clerks and teachers of penmanship. It is a 
large field, this of professional penmanship, 
and experts are always in demand. Women 
have just the qualities which fit them to 
achieve excellence with the pen. It is just 
the delicate, artistic, elegant kind of work 
for which nature has equipped them and 
given them a peculiar taste. The only 
thing that hinders them from entering this 
field, and winning the place in it which 
awaits them, is a foolish adberance to what 



Photo-EnBraved from an Originnl Dealgo Executed by J. 

, Curtitts' Commercial College, MinnenpoUs, Mln. 

Reed at 206 Broadway. She has since re- 
tired. Shortly after Miss Hill and Miss 
Louise Strong opened schools, which are 
Btill running." 

Climbing to the top of a five-story build- 
ing on Broadway, the reporter plunged 
recklessly into a circle of quickly-tapping 
damsels. The manager inclined a tiny ear 
to the big questions of the reporter. 

"Are many ladies applying to learn type- 

" Why, bless you, yes! It seems as if 
every womau in the country who wants to 
do something takes up typewritin"." 

" Where do the pupils come from ¥" 

" Most of them, of course, from the city. 
But we have scholars from New Hampshire, 
Pennsylvania and other States, and some 
from Boston." 

" Boston ! Why, I thought Boston knew 
everything. Can't Boston teach the busi- 
ness f 

"Goodness gracious! Boston! Type- 
writing isn't classic enough for Boston. 
When we get hold of a BosWn taught giri, 
we have to just undo all tbat has been 
done, and commence over again." 

"How long does it take for a bright 
young lady to learn ¥" 

"About six months. We teach them 
lingering, the same as for a piano. At the 
end of that time the pupil is able to take a 
position, beginning at from $5 to $8. and 
running up to $20. Stenographers are 
turned out in the same time. A beginner 
in stenography will get more than a begin- 

might have a room to herself. One young 
lady left an office because there was profan- 
ity in the place. She was getting $20, and 
they offered to raise it to $25. But she ac- 
cepted another place at $15. Some employ- 
ers treat their lady operators with great 
generosity. A law firm in the Bennett 
Building paid the funeral expenses of their 
operator's mother, wouldn't let her work 
during her mother's illness, and gave ber 
regular wages all the time. Another firm in 
Maiden Lane, jewellers, hired a substitute 
during the two months' illness of their oper- 
ator, paying the wages of both. When she 
came back they reduced her hours of work, 
and in the summer sent her to the country 
to recuperate, paying her wages and ex- 
penses for three months " 

"Do the operators ever get married ?" 

" Lots and lots of them. But they never 
allow any courting in the offices. When 
they do get married they usually drop the 
business, or if they continue in it. It is at 
piecework at home." 

" Is the business extending ?" 

"Yes; firms are now employing type- 
writers that did not dream of doing so a 
year ago. And since the electric lights 
have been introduced and the improvement 
of the police force young ladies are safe in 
the streets at night, and so do night work as 
well as day work. Besides, employers find 
them more profitable workers. They at- 
tend closely to business, don't smoke cigar- 
ettes, and don't have to go out and take a 
drink occasionally. A woman worker is an 

Penmanship for Women. 


I never realized, until my attention was 
accidentally called to the fact the other day, 
that penmanship as a profession bad been 
almost entirely neglected by women. In 
fact — though my experience has been some- 
what limited— I never knew a case of a 
woman's writing a "fair clerkly hand," 
such as is the universally acknowledged 
type of artistic penmanship. The hand- 
writing of women is almost invariably 
angular and ugly. It is not formed in 
accordance with the principles of the art, 
nor from artistic models. F«shiou has 
decreed for ao long a deformed style of 
penmanship for women, that it has af 
length come to be second nature for them 
to write with angle's instead of curves. 
Naturally, a girl's handwriting tends to 
these pointed forms ; and unless a particular 
effort is made to induce them to conform to 
the "copy-book style," our school girls 
readily adopt the most exaggerated angular 
style which they can find— usually their 
mother's fashionable correspondence. Their 
band thus becomes ruined for anything like 
artistic penmanship, and they must through 
life be slaves to the absurd and illegible 
chirography which fashion has imposed 
upon them. 

There is no physical or constitutional 
reason why women should not become as 
expert and beautiful pen artists as men. 
Their nervous, artistic temperament, their 

is known as the " feminine style " of hand- 
writing, and a prejudice against all artistic 
forms of penmanship on the ground that 
they are " masculine. " There is neither 
masculine nor feminine in the art ; and the 
sooner our American girls discover this the 
better it will be for them. Is there any- 
thing masculine or feminine in poetry, or 
in painting Y 

Some of the tenderest, sweetest, most 
delicate of literary productions are the work 
of men ; and women have written with 
equal delicacy. Do our hidy engravers and 
painters hesitate to treat themes which are 
treated by men, and to treat them in the 
same manner ? Who is the best animal 

painter in the wc 
heur"? It is the s 
no distinction of » 


I all I 

; Rosa J5on- 
t. There is 


Methods and i 

Principles and forms are the same. There 
is no such thing as "feminine" handwrit* 
ing, except in so far as it is an abortion of 
artistic handwriting, a sort of deformed art, 
like modern dress fashions. When women 
begin to adopt true art principles, the pro- 
fession of penmanship is open to them. 

—A skillful Vienna penman. Herr J. 
Sofer, has sent to the President of the 
French Academy of Sciences, M. Jurien de 
la Graviere, a grain of wheat resting in a 
glass case, on which he had written an 
address consisting of forty French words 
easily legible for good eyes. The Academy 
showed much interest in the curiosity. 

) r/ff/ r/J ./rrfhu/tf/if^/zt/f/rt/fJ- 

'^^.^^i^^^ O// UJJ rr/'f Jf/Uf 'r/r//f//r/A'r// /// /A/j/er/^fO'/ ///r/////rl /re r/fj/'^^ /^-aujaz-r mem/ 


Waslilngtoii, I». C. 

The Penman's Art Journal. 

mntry.— r/n Fwn\ 

eradiiig or even 
ver7 excellent standard. cuDtluues to soar Into 
more esalted renlmE of progress ; each issue spark- 
ling with new jewels of lhouj;ht and art. Long 
miiy ehe sparkle —(7a*(-«//'» ifagazine, Chicago. 

The Journal is the leading 4)aper devoted to 
penmanship. It la one of the papers we cannot 
get along without. Ever>' penman should take It, 
students imd all. No paper is found as interesttng 
to our students as this one. It contains just what 
—Butintis Colltge Joumai. Oska- 

, la. 

the leading penman of the United States. These 
lesjuiia In penmanship and sketches are excellent 
features of the JonnNAi,, and make the paper vePy 
valuable to tta readers.— ^cAoo/ ./ournni, Madison, 

Thi- Pesman-s Art Journ-ai.. ably edited by D. 
T. Ames and B, F. Kelley. is one of the finest edu- 
citlonal publlcatUms In America, both as regards 
its trpographicalmakc-up and its contents. Every 
Issue is fiUed with matter pertaining to penman- 
ship, drawing and general subjects, whlob young 
persons of both sexes should cead whether in or out 
of school.— foTMt City Butinett ('oUeg« Mirror, 

London, i 

The Penman's Abt J 
tlve paper of lt« kind t 
to be In the hands of t 
Beroid, Clearwater, Wi 

:. is the moni Instruc- 
know of, and ought 
lacherin the land.- 

The Penman's Art JornNAi. Ntill lakes the lea< 
of all papers devoted to the art ohlrogi'apbic- 
The Westtm Butinas Student, Galveston, Tex. 


The Penman's Art Joitrnal has added a depart- 
ment of phonography, which, under the editorial 
management of Mrs. L. H. Packard, cannot fail to 
Interest all shorthand writers, especially those of 
the Munson faith.— iVettern Penman, Cedar Ruplds, 


No periodical receives a heartier welcome at our 
sanctnmihan the Penman's Art JoiTRNAL, Hinute- 
nessaud keenness characterize the editorials and 
contributions of this excellent paper. The value 
of JuBt criticism as a means of awakening and 
inspiring cannot be orer-estimatcd. It Is a power 

which belongs to ripe experienoe and Bound judg- 
ment only. The great merit of the Pbkman's Art 
Joi'RN'AL lays in Just and apt criticism, based on 
wide and varied experience, which applies Us 
standard to real and not contemporary worth. 
Long live the power " behind the throne " that can 
so kindle and Irradiate.--- Cto//<£7f Becord, Atohl> 
son. Kou. 

The Penman's Art Jovrnal has made a most 
important addition to its previous full Iht of valu- 
able matter by opening a department of rborthand. 
Uunson'B system Is the one adopted, and it Is tn 
charge of Mrs. S. S. Packard, an export writer c 

The t 
t of lessons for begin- 

already glvi 
ners, and speolmeos of Mr. Mui 
also, in each number, a letter from Mr. Hnnson 
relative to some changes and improvements, and 
instruction relative to the best manner of arrang- 
ing court notes. In view of the large numb«r of 
writcraandstudcntsofMunson's system of phonog- 
raphy In various parta of the country, we regard 
this as the most valuable addition accruing to the 
JouuNAi. since Its estabiisbmeut.— iVocHcoi Edv- 
eator, Trenton, H. J. 

Pexman's Art Journal 










The Journal's General Agent for Canada is A, J. 
SmaU, wkott headguarkTs are J3 Grand Opera 
Itoute, Toronto. EUlotl Fraeer, Secretary " Circle de 
la Salle." Quebec, (P. 0. Box l&l). U rpeHai agent/or 
that city and vieinUy. T/ie International News Co.. 
II Bouoerle Street (_FUet Street), London, are ife 
foreign agent e. 

r April. 

' AUERICA.—E. ] 

iBaaca [ . . 4^ 

>Ien of Oneldea 4D-C0 

Daritig Darlington, Jr. 
The Good and the Bad lu Business Colleges. ... BO 

Feaolls or Pens.. 
Something vi. Notbttie. . 

3. 3. Packard. 

K Morning at Packard's 


istruction In Phonography; RcadlnK s 
ses; Words Written . 
< Pitman's Gift t 

ritlnjr Exercises ; Words 

o( Po.'tltidn ; Is^au Pitman' „„ ,„^ 

World ; Monosyllablo Writing ; Beat« the 

spondents ; Shorthand Notes. 

NO,— Foiirth Paper on Per- 
J. H. Barlow. 




and Tisachi 

e Thing ihatT 
a; Perils of Jl 
-Its Perils a 

Th« Girl of the Period ; The Ol'd'London 

Paul Paalnor. 

Opinions of the Pbnuan's Art Journal M 

Editorial 5jj^7 

Is Expert Tcstimonya Humbug^ Embody. 
inoVinm. f-..™ Various Sources); Busl- 

At/red Smart. 


Bits LrrEBAnr 

Exchange Editor's Calendar... 
Good Writine Opens the Way. . 

8p8ci»em8 Received 

PunLisuBR'a Bulletin 

Educational Notes 

A Sohuolmaster on a Pleasure Jai 

tof E, K. I8%ac8.. 

IlluRtrutlon^foc WniUiL. i 
Specimen of Diploma Woi 
Letter of B. H. Spencer... 

Is Expert Testimony a Nui- 

The professional "expert" witness has 
gradually become a feature in Ihe ndminis- 
tration of ourcourts, etc. ' ' He is a nuisance, 
not to say an abuse, which should be 
abated," soys the New York JYi/nirte. We 
heartily agree with our mefropolilan con- 
temporary. There is scarcely an important 
trial or investigation in which one of these 
professional gentlemen is not called upon to 
testify and the county put to an enormous 
expense, with nothing important in relurn 
being elicited. Northampton had a surfeit 
of such business in the county fraud inves- 
tigation ahout a year ago, and paid a good 
round sum to a so called expert of hand- 
wriling for his valuable services. Yet his 
opiuions amounted to no more than those 
of another would who does not pretend to 
be an " expert. " If there is any way to 
lessen the evil it should be brought for- 
ward.— Stf»i!A Bet}ile7iem. Pa., Star. 

We wdvild like to hear Editor Rnuch's 
opinion in regard to the matter. Ho can 
certainly tell us whether an "expert" is a 
■■nuisance."— .Vawc/j Chunk. Pa.. Timex. 

We always feel ready to put in our say 
when it comes to this subject. During our 
experience of over thirty years as an expert 
of handwriting we have been forced to the 
conclusion that the word " nuisance " is not 
at all too harsh when applied to some who 
have appeared on the witness stand as 
experts. Wearewell satisfied that adventur- 
ers and frauds can be hired in New York and 
other large towns who, as experts, are ready 
to swear to almost any sort of absurdity. 
Indeed, we have on several occasions en- 
countered such, and it is these who provoke 
all the unreasonable criticism and indis- 
criminate denunciation of expert testimony. 
We have also become well acquainted with 
handwriting expertswho are not frauds, but 
gentlemen of high character, rare skill and 
intelligence, who cannot be hired in support 
of any case of fraud and rottenness— such, for 
instance, as Prof. Thomas May Pierce, of 
Philadelphia, and Prof. Daniel T. Ames, of 
New York. 

But, whilst we admit, without any hesita- 
tion, that there are expert frauds, we also 
contend that they are no worse as a nuisance 
than the quack doctor, the shyster lawyer or 
pettifogger, or the fraud of any other 
honorable profession, including the editorial 
fool who contends, virtually, that an expert 
carpenter or architect knows no more about 
a building than a mere botch, or that a 
skilled clerk, banker, or teacher of penman- 
ship knows no more about disputed writing 
than the one who seldom writes, and is 
barely able to get his own name down on 
paper distinct enough to be read. 

If we are to condemn all experts because 
some who manage to figure as such are 
frauds, then by the application of the same 
rule we should also condemn the medical 
profession because there are many quacks, 
the law profession because there are mauy 
shysters, and the entire Christian clergy 
because every now and then a notorious 
fraud is discovered wearing the cloak of 
holiness for the very basest purposes. 

We happen to be able to refer to many 
cases in which expert testimony was the 
p'rincipal factor in bringing the most danger- 
ous criminals to justice and protecting large 
and small fortunes against forgery and fraud. 
And we could name many scores of the 
best judges and lawyers who give expert 
testimony their most emphatic endorsement. 
Among these are Messrs. Benjamin Harris 
Brewster, Lewis C. Cassidy, District Attor- 
ney Graham, John C. Bullitt, John R. Reed, 
and many other head men of the Philadel- 
phia bar, including most if not all the 
judges of the courts there; Benjamin F. 
Builer, of Massachusetts ; District Attorney 
Worthington, of Washington City, snd 
many of the best judges and lawyers 
throughout Pennsylvania, All those named, 
and many more, have been identified with 
very important handwriting cases, and they 
know what expert testimony amounts to. 
These encourage or countenance no fraud 
and no sort of professional nuisance. But 
they do believe in employing iululligence 
and skill whenever necessary to find out the 
truth and assure the administration of jus- 
tice.— UawA Chunk, Pa., Democrat. 

The JounN,\L agrees with Editor Ranch, 
that wherever expert testimony respecting 
writing is in disrepute it is chiefly due to the 
knavery or ignorance of witnesses, who arc 
often sought and employed by shyster attor- 
neys for the express purpose of counteract- 
ing, by contradiction and ridicule, other 
valuable and truthful expert testimony. In 
such cases, the more ignorantand ridiculous 
the witness may be made to appear, the 
better he serves the purpose for which be is 
employed. As a rule, the pretensions of 
such witnesses are in proportion to the 
square of their ignorance, and it is an obvi- 
ous fact, that one cheeky and self-seeking 
ignoramus may do more to bring into dis- 
repute expert testimony than can many who 
are skilled and trustworthy for its dignity 
and favor. It matters not to such witnesses 
how plainly a fact may be presented by 
others ; they are ready to contradict and 
falsify every fact. It is thus, through a 
mutual seeking between the charlatan wit- 
ness for a fee and the attorney to sustain by 
any means a bad cause, that expert testi- 
mony is often made to appear to juries and 
the world as strangely conflicting and ofl- 
times ridiculous. 

It is no matter of surprise that there are 
cavilcrsand unbelievers in the very principle 
of expertism. when we remember that there 
is no established principle of law. science, 
philosophy, or a discovery that has not, at 
some time, encountered unbelief, and most 
have been objects of ridicule, while it i.^ a 
lamentable fact that no quackery or " ism '' 
has been so false or absurd as not to have 
had sincere and devout votaries. Not all of 
our judges or lawyers are above prejudice 
or error, since it is very common that the 
judgment of one judge is overruled or set 
aside by others ; while it is the everyday 
business of a lawyer to prove false what 

another endeavors to prove true. But 
because judges sometimes err. and lawyers 
play tricks, while justice miscarries, is the 
entire system of jurisprudence to be aban 
doned orsubjecied to ridicule? Would it 
follow because some ignorant charlatans 
had appeared in court as experts, that the 
whole idea of expertism is to be subjected 
to unbelief and ridicule, and, as our flippant 
editors say, "be discarded as a nuisance?" 
While it is a fact that some experts have 
shown themselves ignorant and mercenary, 
it is equally a fact that the history of juris- 
prudence records many instances in which 
expert testimony has served most powerfully 
to reveal wrong and vindicate justice. Will 
these "wise editors" presume to say that 
there is no virtue in being a specialist ; if 
so, why do they consult the physician, the 
chemist, artist, mechanic and other special- 
ists in the daily affairs of life, and why not 
bestow their old clothes upon some tramp in 
payment for writing their choice editorials ? 
That there is such a thing as a scientific 
investigation of handwriting we have not 
the slightest doubt; and that there are 
experts who possess extraordinary know- 
ledge and skill for conducting such an 
examination we are equally certain ; and 
in many, if not most instances, they are 
enabled to reach conclusions and present 
reasons for the same, which constitute the 
strongest kind of circumstjintial evidence. 
Of course. Ihe degree of conclusiveness 
must vary according to the nature and cir- 
cumstances of the case. In some instances 
the scope of the examination will be too 
limited, or the evidences for and against a 
certain conclusion be so nearly balanced as 
to warrant no decided opinion. In such 
cases, honest and skilled experts may as 
reasonably differ in their opinions, and as 
consistently represent opposite sides of the 
case, as may juflges or jurymen differ re- 
specting the preponderence of evidence in a 
case upon which they are to pass judgment. 
All really scientific examinations of hand- 
writing are based upon the well-known fact 
that the handwriting of every adult pos- 
sesses multitudinous distinctive and habitual 
characteristics, a large proportion of which 
are unknown to the writer, such as initial 
and terminal lines, forms and methods of 
constructing letters, combinations, relative 
proportions, turns, angles, spacing, slope, 
shading (in place and degree), crosses, dots, 
orthography, punctuation, etc., etc. These 
pecuJiarititrs are the outgrowth of long 

habit, and come at length to be produced 
and reproduced by the sheer force of habit 
— as it were, automatically by the hand, its 
being indopendfnt of any direct 
ight or mental guidance. Being thus 
isly produced, and. in the main, 
unnoted by the writer, they cannot be suc- 
cessfully avoided or simulated through any 
extended piece of writing. To do so. a 
writer should be required to not only avoid 
that of which he was not conscious, but to 
copy in spite of his own long exercised habit 
the undiscovered peculiarities of anothrr 
writer, also to be an artist so skillful as to 
be able to perfectly reproduce new forms 
and combinalions without hesilancy of 
motion or after touch of shade or form. 

Though writing be changed in its general 
appearance, as it easily may be by altering 
its slope or size, or by using a widely differ- 
ent pen, yet the unconscious habit of the 
writer will remain and be perceptible in all 
the details of the writing ; and such an 
effort to disguise one's writing could be 
scarcely more successful than would be an 
effort to disguise the person by a change of 
dress. In either case a close iiispeclion re- 
veals the true identity. 

We quote the following from an able 
article upon this subject in the Criminal 
Law Magazine : 

If a man could regulate his penmanship 
by his will, of course tliere would be Ihe 
end of caltigiaphic experts. The forgery— 
which now aud then by accident or careless- 
ness is once successful — would travel on 
indefinitely, deceiving the very elect, inslead, 

as the rule is, of depending for its success 

if success it have at all--upon a single slip 
of Ihe paying teller. But that he cannot, 
imitate as skillfully as he will, divest him- 
self of his own natural chm-aeterititic. has 
DOW come to be demonstrated. 'I he accom- 
plished expert has only to study his man. 
The hand of a writer is beyond the power 
of that writer's will or that writer's eye. 
The will is absorbed by the subject matter. 
The eye watches the paper, keeps the hand 
Ding in Hues, prevents its gliding over 
nee in motion, ihe 
)us motion which, 
all. writes down 
other. An effort 
ild be an unusual 
lybody but 

the edge, etc.. etc. 
hand will acquire the nervt 
as surely as it moves at 
itself ; its very self and no 
to make a single letter woi 
perhaps, for 

writing-master, but when rapidly advancing 
from leiter to letter, and word to word, lift- 
ing itself slightly every instnnt to skip the 
space between the words, the hand will 
measure off from parts of letters to the next 
succeeding parts, and from one word to 
another until it is taken up. a sort of gauge, 
running like a machine, and. whether regu- 
lar, or uniformly irregular, this gauge will 
be not the least reliable feature of the 

Again : The tendencies to angles or 
curves developed in the analysis of the 
characteristic can be mechanically meas- 
ured. Place a flue specimen of a man's 
handwriting within a coarser specimen of 
the same mans handwriting, and the strokes 
will be parallel. Enlarge a very fine hand 
up to a very coarse hand, and if there is a 
right angle it will remain a right angle, and 
if there is a circle or an oval it will remain 
a circle or an oval. And so everything 
about it will maintain the parallelism". Or. 
take a man's handwriting ; split it in two - 
lay one half under the other half, ana there 
will still be movements, cot straight, per- 
haps, but parallel, which, to the microscope, 
if not to the unaided eye, will be unmistak- 

And the expert, too, will be able to say 
whether the writing is that of a slow or 
rapid writer; of an author or improvisor, 
or of a copyist ; whether the writer began 
fast and gradually wrote more slowly, or 
vice versa. Or whether in the course of his 
writing he was interrupted and resumed, or 
whether, on the occasion in question, he 
wrote more rapidly or slower than his ac- 
customed rate. Also, whether in 1 
rested his elbow, or was suspend:, 
sustaining its' weight. Wbether in the 
movements made he used his fingers, writt 
or elbow as the fulcrum of power. Whether 
he was endeavoring to ditgnise his writing 
by holding his pen in an unaccustomed 
position, by making unnaiural forms of let- 
ters, or extra and unaccusiomed strokes, or 

riling he 


by omilliog familiar and accustomed ones. 
Whether he attempted not to disguise his 
owD but to fl/mM/a?^ another's band, by copy- 
ing from a sample before bim, with one eye 
on his paper and the other on the sample. 
The expert, with his micros:ope, will 
readily determine whether the writer held 
his pen with the stalk poiniing over the 
right shoulder, or toward*, it. or away from 
it, or wiih the thumb and forefinger, or — as 
stenographers hold their pencil— between 
the first two fingers, guiding and pushing 
it wilh the thumb. In how many strokes n 
word was written ; the points at which the 
pen was replenished with ink, and the 
shape, temper and material of the pen used. 
But while all this is the power given by 
experience and judgment to the expert 
armed with his microscope, the test by the 
rfiaraeteriiU'c need not involve any mechani- 
cal apparatus whatever. These minute pro- 
cesses are of value where, for instance, of 
two pieces of writing, both known to be 
that of any one man, the question arises — as 
it often must — which is this writer's cus- 
tomary autograph, and which his disguised 
hand ? But the characteristic is often 
hereditary, strong, in the ancestor, and then 
disappearingfor generations, perhaps, before 
reappearing in the descendant. Education, 
while affecting, rarely originates this charac- 
teristic, and the expert, or even the non- 
expert, by a little care can easily distinguish 
the handwriting of an educated from that 
of an uneducated person. Can say whether 
he has been taught (as most boarding school 
young ladies are taught now aduys the 
angular English) to affect a particular sys- 
tem of penmanship ; whether he had writ- 
ten Greek text (which stiffens the hand) or 
German (which sharpens it), or added up 
long columns of figures (which straightens 
it), etc., etc. Once let the writer leave these 
3 and write currenie calamo, and his 
I characteristic will asSert itself in 
spite of them all. 

Demand for Teachers 
of Writing? 

A. H. HiNMAN. 

Dear Sir :—l send herewith specimens of 
my writing, and would feel greatly obliged 
if you would aid me lo a position as teacher 
of penmanship. Yours, etc., 

A Penman. 


A Penman. 

Dear Sir: — Your elegant specimens are 
received, and I would gladly serve you if I 
couM. Numerous valuable positions are 
constantly opening for those who are able 
and willing to teach commercial branches as 
well as penmanship,- I rarely ever learn of 
a position for one who is competent to 

one of my students lo master penmanship 
without also masleringcommercial branches. 
As a result they take and keep excellent 
positions, get married and prosper, 

A. H. HiNM.VN. 

A Voice from Over the Water. 

Editorofthe Journal : — I herewith inclose 
you a few specimens of business and em- 
bellished writing, such as are greatly appre- 
ciated by the English people. I much 
regret that Mr, Hinman on his last visit to 
England did not call at Leeds, Bradford and 
Halifax, Yorkshire, and inspect the rooms, 
penmanship specimens, etc.. that would 
have been shown him by Mr. Fred Smart. 
Mr. .lames Henderson and myself, resident 
writing masters of over twenty years ex 

Business College Work. 

In another column appears a thoughtful 
paper on business college work from the 
facile pen of Mr. S. S. Packard, The 
JoDiiNAL heartily commends the tone 
and spirit of the article, iu every line and 
word. While the inevitable humbug has 
appeared in the business college field, as he 
has in every other sphere of indystrial ac- 
tivity, it cannot be questioned that Ihesol'd, 
reputable commercial schools of this coun- 
try are doing an admirable work in equip- 
ping young men and women for intelligent- 
ly discharging the duties of a practical 

teach penmanship only. "Were you willing 
lo teach writing at very low wages in a good 
commercial school, where you would be 
privileged to master commercial studies, 
then abundant openings at good pay would 
always be available. 

Truly yours. 

A. H. HlMMAN. 

Editor uf the Journal :— The above is a 
sample of correspondence which may be 
of value as food for thought for those who 
think that in penmanship alone there is 
sure prosperity. So convinced am I of the 
weakness of penmanship aa a means of 
support, that I have not for years allowed 


Had he done so. I think his 
Fould have been somewhat 
England possessing only 


Yours respectfully. 

Alfued I 
Academy Xorthf/ate. Halifax, 
Torkshire. England, March 5, '87. 
Note.— The reader Is referred to encn 

n by Mr. Smm 

To meet the demand forteachers specially 
educated and titled for the profession, the 
State of Alabama has established and now 
has in successful operation six normal 
schools, three for the while, and three for 
the colored race. These schools are all well 
located, well officered, well attended, and 
doinga work invaluable to the publicschool 
system of the slate in elevating the standard 
of qualification for teachers, 

Lesson in Practical Writing. 

Not how much, but hoio well should be the 
motto of the learner of writing. Many 
pages carelessly scribbled over will not do 
as much to advance as a few lines written 
with thoughtful care. Many pupils practice 
as if they thought to measure their improve- 
ment by the number of lines or pages writ- 
ten at each lesson. The fallacy of this idea 
as applied to their arithmetic, reading, geog- 
raphy, grammar, etc., would at once be 
appjircnt. No one would presume that an 
unlearned lesson, however long, would ad- 
vance him in these branches ; but having 
often heard that " writing is a gift," he per- 
haps concludes "that if he is blessed with 
such a gift, he can't help its becoming mani- 
fest, and if he is not, it is no go any way" — 
and practices accordingly. The only gift 
there is in good writing is the gift of perse- 
vering effort— effort to acquire a good ideal 
of writing, and to exercise the fingers and 
arm so lis to execute it with facility and 
grace, and any one who has suflicient genius 
to whittle a stick to a well-sharpened tooth- 
pick has genius enough to learn to write a 
good legible hand. 

It is often a fact that persons fail of a 
good handwriting from the unnecessary 
work performed in the learning and prac- 
tice of writing, on account of useless or 
nourished lines, a complication or variety of 
forms and combinations of letters, also from 
writing excessively large. The labor of 
learning, as well as the rapidity of writing, 
depend largely upon whether or not the 


! of i 

i and 

simplicity is employed. It is obvious that 
the pen runs over short spaces and makes 
simple forms more easily and rapidly than 
it does large and complex ones. By way of 
illustration, let us suppose one learner or 
writer writes somewhat as represented In 
cut No. I. I' u in 

It is very apparent that the lines are un- 
necessarily numerous, long and complex, 
and that the execution of such writing re- 
quires the pen lo move over what may be 
termed the maximum distance. 

In cut No. 3, while the writing is more 
simple, unnecessary time and labor ia re- 
quired in its execution, on account of Its 
large size. 

(Jut No. 3 represents writing that we will 
call the minimum of simplicity and size, 
therefore the extreme fur ease and rapidity! 
In cut No. 1 there are thirty letters, 
and the pen moves over forty inches 
of space in their execution. In cut 
No. 3 there are thirty-five letters, and the 
distance the pen moves is twenty seven and 
one half inches J while in cut No. 3 there 
are forty-three letters, and the distance that 
the pen moves is only nineteen inches. 
Had there been as many letters in No. 1 as 
in No, 3. that is, forty three, with the aggre- 
gate distance in the same proportion, the pen 
would have moved sixty-five inches, or 
more than three times as far as the peumoved 
in writing No. 3. It would appear, then, that 
following the style of No. 3, one would 
write more than three times as fust as from 
No. I. and over twice as fast as from No 2 
Nor is this the whole of the story. The 
very things that render Nos. I and 2 slow 
and dilHcult to write, that is, superfiuous 
Hues and larce size, are of serious detriment 
to the wri ing. The flourishes and long- 
extended letters overiap each other and so 
intermingle as to nearly fill the ruled spaces, 
rendering the page a confused mass of lines, 
difficult for the eye of the reader to follow ; 
while in No. 3 the short extension of the 
letters leaves a clear open space between the 
lines, so that the eye of the reader flashes 
along the lines without effort or hindrance. 
Again we illustrate in cuts Nos. 4 and 5 : 
Here are two notes, it will be apparent at a 
glance that, in No. 4, the pen has traversed 
nearly twice the distance that it has in the 
latter, and what is more, in such complicat- 
ed letters as the N, Y, D, S, I, W. B. G, 
etc., the different lines and curves require 
to be so made as to balance or harmonize 
with each other, thus necessitating extra- 
ordinary care and skill; otherwise they 
become mere ungainly scrawls, and are ex- 
asperating to any biholder having a culti- 
vated taste ; and thus that which at best is 
useless becomes a plague and a nuibance. 
The latter specimen is such as every teacher 
should endeavor to teach and pupil to 

-- - of facts, 
cannot too earnestly urge 
and teacher the importance 01 usii 
simple and uniform writing of 

feel that we 

3 the learner 


Cuts Nos. 8 and 5 may be praclic 
copy for the present lebson. 

~A. W. Lowe'hafl severed his connection with 
the Soholfield Commercial Collene, Providence, 
R. I., and retunied to Lynn, Masa. 

—April 19lh begins a new term of the Normal 
nnd Sclenllfio Institute, Bloomfield. la. Principal 
S. !1. Strlte expects to enroll 100 stndi^nta. 

— E. M. Chartler. a very capable penman, has 
been engaged to teach at Wood A Van Patten's 
Business Colleces, Davenport. la., and Moline, 111 

—J, F. Gaffey'8 Shorthand Academy, New Haven 
Conn., ia turning out a steady stream of well quail 


i Munson brand, male a 

bo e(]ual to the 
;r work rapidly 
• duties ocoupy 
hours a day. The rest of the time she 
employs as she oliooses. Her position in the 
department is supposed to be as near an approach 

years ago Is said by gpunoissenrd t 
lioest steel engraviags. She does 1 
and appareatly without e 

a, life I 
employe c 

s then 

i $l.«i 

• School, Westmin- 
ster, S. C, has been in successful oporatlon for 
four years, and is doing better than ever before. 

—The pupils of the Commercial College, Dover, N. 
H., recently presented Prof. T. P. Bassett of that 
Institution with an elegant scarf pin, in token of 
their appreciation of his success as a teacher, as 
well as their regard for him as a friend. J. W. 
Goodwin made the presentation. 

—J. O. Harmlson, of tlie Commercial College of 
Kentucky UDlversity, Lexington. Ky., U shovdng 
himself to be a very clever pen worker. We have 
before us some specimens of written cards, flour- 
ishing and lettering, which do him great credit. 

—Our A. J. Small, custodian of Jodbnal inter- 
ests in Canada, wishes to make his acknowledge- 
ments to It E- Gallagher, of the Canada Business 
College, Hamilton, Ont.. for courtesies extended. 
It seems entirely opportune to say in this connec- 
tion that Mr. Gallagher is at the bead of one of the 
most popular commercial schools in the Dominion. 

—George R. Bathbun has bought the Interest of 
Ills late partner, J. T. Dalley, in the Omaha, Neb., 
Business College, and will henceforth conduct that 
nourishing school on his own account. 

— R. C, Spencer addressed the students of 
Brown's Business College, Jacksonville, 111., on 
Uarch 25th, when the graduating exercises were 
held. The number of gfaduates was about 
twenty-five. This lostUutlon has wide reputation 
for the thoroughness and excellence of its work. 

—On March Ulst twenty-one young men and 
women received diplomas from the Commercial 
Department of the Eureka, 111,. College. The 
event was becomini*ly ct'lebrated ia a musical and 
liitellechiiil .■iit.TLLiiiiiiiiit. 

— Thi' -I liili 111- III KiIiiit's Commorcial College 

St. J'>^' ii'i. Ml' '!y ii''sent«d their penman 

ship I' ;iL 111 r, I \\ I. ill-, with a gold-headed cane 
Mr. Ellis was Hbinit to leave the school for other 
employment, and the scholars wUhed to give blm a 
token of their regard. 

—Mr. R. E. Gallaghi 
Business College of Hi 
Diploma and Medal for his beautiful ex 
penmanship at the Indian and Colonial 
London. England. The exhibit of this school was 

greatly admired by the thousands of Tisitors to the 
great exhibition. It consisted of teachers' and 
students' work. 

—The Bridgeport. Conn.. Standard, has high 
praise for an exhibition of drawings by the stu- 
dents of the public schools of that city. The 
closes with this complimentary allnsion : " War- 
ren H. Lamson, special instructor of drawing and 
penmanship. Is thoroughly devoted to his work. He 
is highly skilled in execution, and eminently efS- 
cient in teaching. Mr. Lamson is heartily sustained 
by the superintendent, and has the cordial co- 
nperation and respect of the teachers," 

- This from the bible of all self-respecting press 
writers, Thejournaiift: "Yesterday that king of 
quill artUta, Mr. Daniel T. Ames, of 20h Broadway, 
kindly allowed TheJournaiistto inspoet a superb 
piece of penmanship, which he had just finished, 
andiind ready for framing It wns the (.-ngrussed 
resolutions passed by thu Board of Trustees of the 
New York Press Club thanking Joseph Howard, 
Jr.. for his lecluri^ lust May, whioli nitted the Club 
Cc'iietary Fund nbi.ut S3,W0. Mr, Howard's hear. 


W. W. Ilidton, the well known slrnographer, 
teacher in Duff's ConimtT^^iiil <-.>lk^rf, Piilsburgh. 
WHS married on April OlIi, i<> Mi-s liuiiiin. one of 
that city's smartest sohool mii'iima. The Jouunal 
extends congratulations and best wishes. 

J. B, Durj-ea, of Des Moines, la,, and Miss Clau- 
dia Bowlby, of Cheltenham Beach, were married 
on April lOth. The groom is the well known 
teacher of the Iowa Business College, Des Moines ; 
the bride an accomplished vocalist and society 


The Business College fraternity loses a useful 
and honored member In the death of William B. 
Graham, late 

f the Capital City 

>o many penman's papei-s have 
gone in these paat few years that the advent of a 
new one is hardly an i-vent calculated to cause 
great excitement. Mr. Vogel promise*, however, 
that his has come to stay. It lias a healtliy look, 
contains much bright reading, and we wish (or it 
the fullest measure of success its merits may win. 
Par parentheses we take occasion to say that the 
Oazelte't statement that the JouanAi, offered to 
publish certain matter in return for a club must 
have been founded on a misapprehension, as it Is 
unqualiBedly and unreservedly untrue, 

GEKsnAL Logan's Second Book.— General Logan 
at the time of his death had completed his second 
book, "The Volunteer Soldier of America," and it 
was ready for the printer. So soon as it was gen- 
erally known that it was in existence, publishers 
from all parts of the country wrote to Btra. Logan 
making offers for its publication. Not a few called 
In person and used their best inQuence to get the 
work, into which It was understood that the dead 
hero had put so much thought and strength and 
affection. It was his last aud best tribute to the 
one interest beloved most— the volunteer soldier. 
From Philadelphia, New York and Cliicago oaine 
publishers urging their special advantages, and 
pleading for the opportunity to soli the book of the 

Bits Literary. 

—George Washington's library may be seen at 
tlie Boston AthEeneum. It was purcha»<ed In IS48 
for $5,000. 

—Longfellow's first letter was to his father, who 
was visiting Boston, begging him to buy his sister 
Ann a Bible and himself a drum. Thus does genius 
early manifest Itself. 

—The late Paid H. Hnyne is described as " a spare 
man of medium size, with dark eyes, and moat re- 
fined, unostentatious manners: he had tlie aspect 
of a poet, with ihat far-away, dreamy look which 
seemed to peer Into the vast beyond." 

—It is related of Thackery that while i 


1 at G 

r Tuppe 

do the English think of Martiu Far- 
To which instantly came the re- 
English pco|)It> do not think of 
Martin Farquar Tupper." The old pott, whose 
imine was once on everybody's tongue, broken in 
neaith and spirit, is now rapidly approaching his 

— Spencer took his " Faerie Queene " to the Earl 

B hIw 

right plu. 

proud he roust feel as the recipient of this testi- 
monial. It is a graceful aoknowledgement of one 
of Joseph's most graceful acts." 

—In tlie columns of the Ilawkfyt, Burlington, la. 
we find several columns of good reading devoted to 

I Normal and 


graduate < 

11 the c 

Uish praise 
It, pre.*tdod over by W. J. Kinsley, 
his gentleman and his special work 
oii«>w8: "Prof. Kinsley, who Is a 
Eastman Business College, Pough- 
x-omplished penman. In the special 
pemuanslilp department, which is also under his 
charge, students not in the commercial course are 
also afforded the opportunity to become legible, 
rapid and elegant writers. In the teaoher's course 
all kinds of plain and ornamental penmanship are 
taught. The student receives a normal as well as 
a practical training." 

—From the columns of the Pittsburgh i>i«pa/cft we 
take pleasure in trunsfen-lng toouromi the follow- 
ing deserved complimentary mention : "The most 

l."),000 ami more (Jovernment clerks, ihhiks the 
New York Ueraid oorrospimdent, i.< Mi-s. Helen H. 
Avery of the Interior Department. The president 
Is a grent adminT i.[ M«. Avery's penmanship and 
frequently refers to It In complimentary terms 
when It oomes, as it often does, under bis obser- 
Viineo. Mi-s. Averj' la "'"o a very clever pen and 



4 V,V ii ■ ^' 


m(uiU)mGMte/tA(m/, Superintendent of Public Inslruclion 



^Ai^/Ufa4y Ky/m^Jmn'^^a'nd'^'od^yp 

<:i^£^mvin.^i^ - of-5":'«J'i'ij'"5'iI5tniclioit^ 

Photo-Engraved from Copj 

Commercial College. Des Moines, la. The sad 
event occurred on March Sath. and was caused by 
typhoid pneumonia. Mr, Graham was a native of 
Canada, having been born at Smith's Falls, On- 
tario, on June 8th, 1657. He removed to Iowa at 
the age of twelve, and remained a citizen of that 
Slate to the time of his death. 

Exchange Editor's Calendar. 

—The last number of Forbes' IntemaHonal 
Exponent la the best that has appeared. 

^Shojtpeli't Modem Hautti Is a quarterly publica- 
tion devoted to architecture, and published par- 
ticularly ill the Interests of those of moderate 
means who wish to build for themselves. Each 
number contains numerous platea, with minute 
estimates of cost. Price. §1. No. 101 Broadway. 
New York. 


E. M. has written for the Southern 

Simuac two 

articles on the Fight for Richmond, 

which will 

iprnir in April and In May. These 


}:■'■ II ■u-i;,.sir,i, lie says, "by General 

McCl.'ll.L,, - 

1 1 ■ ■ 1 ii 1 i:/,T..hnPorter'aartic-les 

on tbr r.i.i 

■ lu.i . ,n,i..,i-r, in 1K02. and a paper by 

-ti II,.. ^i.Miiil Battle of Manas as. 

published ii 

ri:otiii, i.iiiuljer.s.if the Century Maga- 

hour. Mra. Logan, eager and anxious to do the best 
thing for the book's future, talked with her friends 
and compared the offers of the various publishers. 
It transpires that an enterprising Chicago pub- 
lisher, B. S. Peale, has secured the prize, and 
has given to Mrs. Logan the same terms Gen. 
Grant received for his Memoirs, Mr. Peale is of the 
firm of R. S, 

I young n 

n of push r 

1 the ( 

■ the best km- 

public, Mrs. Logii) 
preferred the bunk 
and also Tri'in u-i' ! 

The work I- ■ 

Isahistorv ■■! iiiiM 

exhaustive and reii 

his lasting 

volunteer soldii 

citizen soldier 

Logan always I 

is to be illustrated in the full sense of that term, 

and will contain many piolorlal reminiscences of 

historic battle-fields. Mrs. Logan's interests are 

well oared for lo Ihe contract. She receives two- 

thirds of the profits of the book, and will be fully 

protected In every respect. The manuscript gives 

every evidence of the mo't careful preparation, 

and it would seem that General Logan must have 

hud some knowledge of the fact that he was doing 

his last service for the soldiers when he wrote this 

wonderful story of valor and fortitude and 


t\ notable fame. It 
In. iijnii in this country, 
le (Jen, Logan hasrenred 
this effort for the beloved 
It will raise the prestige of the 
the higher plane where General 
sted his pedestal should bo. It 

;o him The earl read a few pages, and 
■vaut, " Take the writer twenty pounds. " 
I, he presently cried In rapture, " Carry 

h , 11, rimehaa Mr. Wll- 

Good Writing Opens the Way. 

doubt Ibat a good baiid- 

There ca 
writing liii! ^ 

womeu n start in life than any otlier Oui: 
accoinplisiiment. It is a qualificaiiou that 
speaks for itself ; not only is it in itself an 
ever-ready and wiiiijing ( 
po.ssfssion implie.^ manv : 
are iicccssiirily exercised in its iur|iii 
Ainnun; ihcsf muy Ik- iiiciUioned piilie 
studious applieiitioii. iirti^tie skill, 
taste g'>od jiidgiiient us lo form ai 
tauce. and. if written rapidly, it i 
general celerity of action, which 
agility in other things. 




Tlie Dumber of well-writlen letters received at 
tbe JouRHiL office durlugtbe course of a month 
has grown to such immense proportions that we 
ai-ti able to montloo only a Bmall percentaee. 
selected from tbe very best. Below are the writers 
of sume of Ibe most noteworthy received since our 

P. W. Costollo. City Treaaurer'a office, Scninton. 

C. H. Clarl<, LuOrouKe, Mo. 

V, M, Stone, Mobau, Ala., with club. 

G. E, Norris. Erie, Minn. 

C. II. KlauBmau, Minneapolis, Minn., with cards, 
John Rockwood, T^atlck. Mass. 

D. M Knaiif, Canfleld, Ohio. 

Chaa. E. Jones. Principal Busineas Department 
Tabor College, Tabor, la. 

James H. Craft. Wilmington, Del,, with speci- 
mens of pupils' work. 

J. Howard Keeler. Trenton, N. J. 

K. S- Norton, Portland, Me. 

Asbury M. Slarsb, Principal Minard Commercial 
College, Waterbury Centre. Vt. Ho eends a club 

W. C, Woodford, CassopoUs, Mioh. 
Johnson Bros,. Capital City Business College. 
I^ansing, Mioh., with cards. 
S. F. Steele, Bloomfield, la. 
L. 8. Cresson. 1311 Green Street. I'hlladelphla, 
W, 11. Fry, Glasgow Normal School, Glasgow, 

II. B, Fehringar. GreysWlle, Pn. 

B. W. PulUng, Warsaw. Wis. 

W. Heron. Jr.. Pinclpai B. & S. BusUiess College, 
Maucbe,ster, N. H. 

L, Asire, N. W. College of Commerce, Minnea- 
polis, Minn. He writes : " I wbU every poor writer 
could see your valuable Journal. I have a copy 
of every issue from the first, and prize them 

O. Perry Hoover, Dayton, O, 


I College, 

W. J. Elliott, Penman, Centr 
Stratford, Ont, 

AJosander Smith. Chester. Pa. 

E. T. Woodward. Frankfort, Mich. 

W, Jones, Eufaula, Ala. 

C. N. Faulk. Secretary Arkansas Valley Business 
College, Hutchinson, Kan., inclostog specimens of 
plain and ornamental card work. 

B. H, Spencer. Albany Business College, Albany, 
N. Y.. with club of twenty-five, 

J. F. Cozart. Alma, Mich. 

L. Thompson, Templeton, Pa. He expresses unre- 
served admiration for Prof. Farley's penmanship, 
and thinks the March number of the Jodrhal 
"simply grand," 

E. M. Cbartier, Penman. Iowa Commercial Col- 
lege, Davenport, la. 

W. G. Christie. Lock Haven, Pa., with club of 

J. H. Bryant, Spencerian Business College, Cleve- 
land, 0., an elegantly- written letter. 

O. D. Skeels. Canada Business College, Chatam. 
Out., with club of sixteen, 

H. T. Loomls, Secretary Detroit BuslDess Uni- 
versity, Detroit, Mioh. 

A. P. Wiley. Mt. Vernon. Ind. He says hia em- 
ployment as bookkeeper is largely due to his hand- 
writing, acquired from the Jouknal, 

RufUB A. Weacott, Griggs Corners. 0. His writ- 
ing is exceptionally good for a boy nf eleven years. 

H. S. Collins. Penman and Secretary of the Knox- 
ville Business College. KnosvlUe. Tenn. 

J. C. Kane. Eaton &, Burnett's Business College. 

E. A. MoPherson, Ithaca. N. Y. He sends various 
slips, showing bis own and his pupila' writing. 

E. L. Burnett. B, & S. Business College. Provi- 
dence, It. I. 

P. S. Heath, Epsom, N. H., with very creditable 
specimf-ns of business writing. 

Edward C. Mills, Bushnell. 111. He sends a pen 
drawing in the form of a bird. 

Charles O. Winter, Hartford, Conn., inclosing 
I ibutoyraiih of testimonial engrossed by him, and 

W, A Phillips, Penman, St. Catharine's Business 
Colkgc, St. CatharlneB, Ont. He writes : " I might 
say that whatever advancement I have made in 
writing or success in teaching is due to the Jour- 
nal's wise counsels and perfect examples.". 

H. F. Calton, West Jersey. 111. 

From J. G. Uarmison. penman of the Commercial 
College of the University of Kentucky, Lexington. 
Ky ■ 

lal)or in preparation. This is the Inscription : 


A portrait of Gen. Hancock serves as centre- 
piece. The whole Is surrounded with a rustic 

Another memorial piece, with Gen. John A. 
Logan as the subject, cornea from H, F. Voget. 

N. C. Brewster, Waverly. N. Y.. with excellent 
examples of automatic pen work and various 
ornamental specimens. 

G. W. Dawson. St, Joseph, Mo. 

O, \V. Allison. Principal of the Newark Business 
College. Newark, 0.. sends specimens of writing 
by the students of that institution. The parties 
represented are Carrie Kneupfcr, Katie R. Metz. 
Rosa Roberts. I. S. Farmer, W. S. Earnest, "Ernest 
Hamilton. J. W. Kneupfer, Hallio Jaco and Frank 

Alfred Smart, writing master, of Halifax, York- 
shire, England, sends in a number of examples of 
plain and ornamental pen work. The specimens 
represent his own work, and that of Fred Smart 
aud James Henderson, writing niastei's at I^eds 
and Bradford, respectively. One of the specimens 
is reproduced elsewhere. 

Publisher's Bulletin. 

experts and advanced 
pupils who have had the privilege of examining 
Ames' New Copy-Slips are to be believed, that 
work has a ve'y unique and distinct usefulness, 
and must come into popular favor wherever it Is 
introduced. The brief extracts from testimonials 
of various well-known educators presented else- 
where represent but a fraction of the correspon- 
dence received. Nor have tbe press, and particu- 
larly the educational press, been backward la 
commending the work. From a thousand and one 
complimentary notices, we append a few specimen 

The Ames* Copy-Slips must win their way into 
every school. They will teaoh any child the art.— 
American Journal of Education, St. Louis. 

UnUiuo aud practical.— /"ounfain. York, Pa. 

Should be In the hands of all young people whose 

For plainness and simplicity of style we have 
leen nothing that surpasses the Ames' Copy-SUps. 
— Carolina Tta 

The opinions quoted are quite sufficient to show 
the general drift. The price of the Slips la 50 cents 
a package: for tbe Slips plus twelve heallby, full- 
grown copies of the Journal, sent out In Install- 
ments so as to cover the period of a year, $1. Of 
course you know all about these things, and doubt- 
less have profited by the I nowledge. It Is alto- 
gether possible, though, that some of your friends 
may not be so fortunate, and are only waiting for 
you to enlighten them. 

Penmen and others who have badges ormedals 
to buy, may consult their Interests by correspond- 
ing with Henry Hart, P. O. Box 6, Atlanta, Ga. He 
will supply anything in that line at most reasonable 
terms, and will carry out the ideas of the pur- 
chaser or originate designs blmeelf. 

A NOVELTY in the line of pencil sharpeners is the 
article patented by the well-known penman, W. H. 
Lamson. Bridgeport, Conn. You may procure one 
from any stationer lor a dime. 

An iNnispENSABLE article in every bousebolil. 
whether it be the gilded family circle of the afBucnt 
pen artist, or people in humbler walks of life, such 
as lawyers, bankers and plumbers, is an indelible 
ink that will hold its grip on the family linen under 
all circumstances. Such an article we find Bald- 
win's Marking Ink to be. It is always ready for 
use. writes a clear, permanent black, without 
spreading, and nothing less than a dynamite explo- 
sion can ever get the marks out. 

—Genius is but a miud of large general 
powers accidentally determined in a par- 
ticular direction. — Dr. Johnson. 

/0. //ry. 

penmanship Is not up to the standard.— //ooii^r 
Naturalist, Valparaiso, Ind, 

Ditto.— 5W«i« Serifi, Rutland. Vt, 

Arranged in a way to advance the learner most 
easily and rapidlr.—.Jr/ifrican Pnlwi.West Bowers- 
vlllo, Ga. 

Remarkably well got up and highly calculated to 
fulfill the purposes for which they were designed. 
—Eilucationat Weekly, Toronto. 

Their author la the acknowledged head of the 
profession, and we can say that these roi>ii-s are 
up to his highest standard and must he of great 
value to the aspiring penmau or clerk.— tf^j/er's 
Stationer, New York. 

Contains everything that is necessary to make a 
good, practical penman of any pei-son of ordinary 
lntelllgence,-//omeon//5cA(»/,Su;»/)/W7ieni, Toronto 
and Boston. 

They are cerUinly elegant, and, as our Prof, 
Frazer has pronounced them, almost as good as a 
teacher.— Sf, Vlattire'g College Journal, Bourbounais 

They All the bill.— Jfonu/ocfww*' Btcord, Baltl- 

A long-felt want admirably filled. 
Ailvertiser-Rtporter, New York. 

Based on experience and sound sense. -A'o(re 
Datiu Sclialattic. Notre Dame, Ind. 

Thoroughly practical and useful, -AVtcmian. 

Can be used with a good amount of sotlsfaotlon 
by persons at home who are anxluus to Improve 
their penmanship,— ^cAoo/JbuTOo/. New Yi.rk, 

One of the best aids to good wrillng that it has 
been our fortune to meet. For beauty of engrav- 
ing and artistic des'gn. as well as for breadth of 
conception and the uniformity and conciseness of 
the principles presented, it is unequalted.-S'frtwy- 
raphy, Beaton. 

Educational Notes. 

The Russian Empire Is composed of fifty 
governments and provinces. 

Evelyn College is the name of a new 
institution for women in Princeton. 

Georgia chartered, built and conducted 
tbe first female college in tbe world. 

Tbe average salary of scbool tKHcbers in 
St. Louis is $683.70. Only twenty-six re- 
ceive $2,000. Of 1.101 teachers, 1.004 re- 
ceive less than $900 per year. 

The Union Theological School at Tokio, 
Japan , supported by all tbe evangelical 


o of whom, Messrs, Ihuka and 
3 natives. 

Harvard, Yale and Brown expect to 
graduate in '87 tbe largest senior class since 
their founding. 

A dispatch from Melbourne, dated tbe 
I8tb, says that the king of tbe Tonga Islands 
has closed tbe Wesleyan C'olle";e at Tonga, 
and in consequence of hia noslility the 
Wesleyans are leaving his d( ' ' 
going to Ihe Fiji Islands. 

The earliest English work 
ing of which we have any 
John Jlellis, London, 1688, entitled 
briefe instruction and manner bow to keepe 
bookes of Accompts after the order of 
Debitor and Credilor." 

I by 

The papers advertise " Hands wanted oo 
boys' pants " Are not the parents and 
teachers sufHcien*, V — Bonion Beacon, 

An applicant for a teacher's certificate od 
being requested to name four animals of tbe 


, wrote " two lions and 1 

:> ele- 

" What is your name ?" asked a teacher 
of a boy. "My name's .Tule," was tbe 
reply ; whereupon tbe teacher impressively 
said : '■ You should have said "Julius, sir." 
And now, my lad." turning to another hoy, 
" what is your name t" "Bilious, sir." 

GrammarClass— Boy, parsing — "Wagon, 
common notm. feminine gender — " Teacher 
— " What gender ¥" Boy — "Oh, neutral 
gender. The tongue, ma'am kinder throwed 
me off'n my guard. "—Detroit Free Press. 

An Easy Question.— Teacher — " What 
sort of hair bad tbe ancient Britons ¥" Boy 
—"The old Britons?" "Yes." "Gray 
hair, of course. Gimme me something 
hard." — Tccti,* Sif tings. 

— Old scbool teacher — " Of course you 
saw Leghorn in your travels abroad t" 
Young Miss JIaudt — " Ob, dear, yes ; 
mamma bought three in London un- 

— Tbe youthful idea of scbool has many 
illustrations. "Where are you going?" 
"To school." "What do you go for— to 
read?" "No." "To write ?'^ "No." 
" To count ?" "No." " Wliat do you go 
for !" " To wait for scbool to let out." 

A gentleman to test a young man's know- 
ledge asked: "What's tbe difference be- 
tween the regular and irregular Greek 
verbs?" "We get more lickings trying to 
learn the irregular ones," was the reply. 

"Why." asked the teacher, "did Payne 
write ' There is no place like Home ?' " 
" Because," replied the smart bad boy, " it 
was true. He bad no home, and, of course, 
there was no place like a place that wasn't 
anywhere." And the teacher started to 
mark him zero, but stopped and started to 
thinking and thinking, and finally told him 
that was correct and marked bim perfect. 
—Brooklyn Eagle. 

Teacher (to a small girl who had " skip- 
ped school") — "Where have you been, and 
what have you been doing all the morning?" 
Small girl (working the heel of her shoe 
into a crack in tbe floor)— "Part of the 
time riding down bill." Teacher (with an 
encouraging smile as a recognition of verac- 
ity) — "And what were you doing the rest 
of the time ?" Small girl (naively)— " Walk- 
ing up !" — Exchange. 

Just for Fun. 

General Horace Porter says Miss Liberty 
can hold thirty-six men in her hand. That 
brings her about up to the average girl of 
the period. — Boston Herald. 

"Don't you think," said a lawyer to the 
judge, " that Jim Parsons is the greatest liar 
of a lawyer that you ever saw ?" " I should 
be sorry to say that of my friend Mr. Par- 
sons." replied the judge."butbe is certainly 
more economical of tlie truth than any other 
lawyer on the circuit." 

Gay old gentleman to boy on twelfth 
birthday; "I hope you will improve in 
wisdom, knowledge and virtue. " Boy, 
politely returning the compliment, totally 
unconsciousof sarcasm : " The same toyou, 
sir."— 81. Paul Eerald. 

An old parish clerk was courteously 
thanking a church dignitary for kindly 
taking, on emergency, a village service. 
"A worse preacher would have done us, 
sir," he said, " if we only knew where to 
find him." 

I Commercial Bulletin. 
" Ilava parents an influence for good on 
tbeir children "i" We doubt it. Now, there 
was Mr. Adam, for instance. He didn't 
have any parents, and there wasn't a better 
young man in tbe neighborhood than be. — 
K&ntucky Slate Journal. 

-The late Wm. H. Vauderbilt is credited 
with saying that half o million dollars is 
enough for any man ; to own more is to 
make bim a slave. 

— The highest spot inhabited by human 
beings is said to be tbe Buddhiiit cloister of 
Hanie, Thibet, where twenty-one priests live ■ 
at an altitude of IG.OOO feet. 

— London covers 700 square miles, has 
9,000 miles of streets, and a population of 

— The Labor Commissioner of Miasioiiri 
has estimated tbe total losses caused by tbe 
extensive strike on the Southwestern Sys- 
tem of Railroads last fall at $4,286,727. 
Tbe loss in wages is put at $1,400,000. 
That is a big sum to take from tbe earnings 
of laborers in a single railroad system. 


Oiiod Work It In Doin^. 

Bear Mr. Atnes : — In response to your 
request fora few notes relatiujr to my recent 
trip to the New Orleans Mardi Gras. I 
clieerfuUy comply, and will endeavor to be 
brief, ftly wife "and I were of a pleasant 
party of a dozen wijo in llie Worcester 
Palace Car ■■ I'.i. ,1 i : n n, i -pint a week 
en route to >"i ^^ ' i ■ ■ i' ■■ "nr carwns 

delivered to 1 : ^'m iirst stop 

of a half d.i\ ^^ I I I <- [IN. where we 
vifliled Mr. 'hi)L'u<(r sind ussociates in 
their most excellent college. Large rooms 
well tilled, earnest teachers and pupils, an 
excellent course of instruction — nil were 
firdt-class. but prices which, like in many 
other places, are too low for ihc value given. 
An hour's ride through the ciry proved 
Louisville the peer of any in richness and 
beauty of architecture. Our next stop was 
at Mammoth Cave, where the country for 
miles slopes towards the opening. There at 
the bottom of a deep ravine was an enor- 
mous hole in the earth. Descending stone 
steps we entered what was ages' ago an 
underground river. Here for eight miles 
we roamed in this cavern, whose size varied 
from twenty feet in width and heightli to 
over one hundred. Descending, we visited 
the course of another rivt-r. and still lower, 
to a river itself. One hundred miles of 
these caverns may be traversed if desired. 
The country for many miles around has no 
streams, but all water descends to these 
rivers. Our next stop was at Montgomery, 
where the famous Montgomery "Guards 
visited our beautiful car. imd showed us 
generous hospitality at their armory and 
throughout their beautiful city. Speeding 
on through the marshes, over bays and 
bayous, among magnolias, palms and cane- 
brake, we reached New Orleans. Visiting 
President Col. Geo. Soule. of the Business 
Oollege, I inquired as to the best means of 
securing tickets to the grand Mardi Grns Ball 
and other attractions, and was informed that 
there were thnusands in the city unable to 
get them, but if I would give him the names 
of our piirly we sboiild be supplied. I did 
so. wondering why I was so fortunate. 
Imagine my surprise, when upon receiving 
them from Col. Soule, he assured me that 
they were presented in the person and with 
the compliments of "Rex," King of the 
Mardi Gras. During the grand parades and 
throughout the festivities Col. Soule's com- 
manding and elegantly-dressed figure, 
though beneath a crown and mask appeared 
every inch a king. At the grand ball three 
thousand persons were received by his 
Majesty, the queen and royal family, and at 
the dancing, "when the music arose with 
its voluptous swell, all were as merry as a 
marriage bell." The Soule College is a 
superior institution, and receives the best 
patronage of the city. 

After three weeks delightful stay in 
Northern lune weather, we left the city full 
of verdure and flowers, and stopped a day 

At Nelson's College, at Cincinnati, wefouml 
a large school m new and elegant qujrters 
Thence homeward, through snow blockade* 
in York State, we fell the stings of cold as 


Wo,e,il,r. M,m 


WANTED^- A ftr. 

1 1 Iftss Tt ai-tier of Com 
1 s In iti Edstern Businpss 

a p. rmiM, Address, 'F 

^ < OLLL™e" 
i ^s -Kuk State 


Tl uchers SuperliiUindeiila, 

VANS & CO., MttWaeoW AMl!KIci!& 
St, Louis. Mo. 


Chicago Academy of Penmanship, 

send sampk'N of dih 
S.— Best of refercTii- 


Sena lOc, and you will get a Nice. New, Novel 
and Valuable Aid In Writing. Fits all Pen-holdere. 
bult« all Writers. Try It on ! 

Address. H. W. ELLSWORTH. Inventor, 



.\ tliiiusaiid years as a day. No arithmetic 
■acliL's It, A ^hort, simple, praotloal inetb«d by 
C, ATKINSON, Principal of Saoremeato Busl- 
aeremenlo. Cal. By mail. 60 cents. 



s Wanted. Oullli for 



Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 



lOR »a.50, wholesale, on a single pen. we 

nd vnu, by registered mail, a medium 

;ed Hard Rubber Fountain Holder, fitted with 
No. & Gold Fen, with Filler, Box, and dtreo- 





Containing over 400 Desiirns and Illustrations of 
Fruit and Vegetable Forms. Animals, etc. 
PoBtage Paid. 

WashlnRton, D. C. 

Something Entirely New. 




J. C. BRYANT, M. D., 

President of the Bryant A Stratton Buffalo Business 
College (Copyrighted 1885.); 

Elementary, 104 pages, Price, $ .80 
Commercial, 160 1.50 

Countlng-House,3l2 " 2. SO 

An endrtly new work. Just from press, embracing 
all the modfm ImprovfmenU, and 6«( busiMM form* 
now In use. Contalntne new and advanced ideas 
in relation to the presentation of the principles and 
praotlce of modern book-keeping. 

A Complete Key for Teachers Now Ready, 

The Business Man's Commercial Lav and 
Business Forms Com'tained, $2. 

and Schools ever 


J. C. BRYANT, Publisher, 
\-i Buffalo, N. Y. 



" Question Books with Auai 

- small books, oomprlslnB D- 8. History. 
Jeopraphy, Grammar and Arithmetic, ■"">'' *"»"!' 
lontainint; 1001 practical questions and : 

I positively the only question I 

n InatloDS, or for revlewtUK pupils 

1 Questions with Answers on ARITHME- 
includine nearly 800 test examples with an- 
d solutions. Besides treating tborouebly 

lope of Arithmetic, this book 

tlons under each subject, the solutions being placed 
In the appendix. In this book there are over 1,100 
questions with aoswera, 

" 1001 Questions with Answers on GRAMMAR," 
with copious lUuNt rations, parsing and analysis 
The numerous illustrations, false syntax vrith cor- 
rections, and the parsinp? of difficult words, are 
alone worth twice the price of the book. 

The "1001 Questions with Answeno 

TORT." Including the Federal Constitution and 


0. C. DaPUY, Syraoufle. New York. 



Sloore County. N. C 

will' write yu 
Cards, lOo. 


li« CAllD-WllITEK, 

. f"e pekISnI""''''" 

Iluahford. N. Y. 

FOR SALE.--s-"'"^';w'>^ 

must ent«rpri>l 

bought for less ..,„.. „„. 

R«llroads, Madera City Imp 
rounded by rich farming oorafuuuiiy, wim over vm 
prospeotlve Btudenttt. Poor health compels a sale 
., ^, Address, K. 8. D«bALl,A, 

*"" Decatur. lU. 

ipped BDSI 
i, m one of tbo 
J WEST, can be 

-ceipts. Nine 

iiy, with I 

Gaskell's Magazine. 

This beautiful and blghly-enlertauiing Magnzine 
is an outgrowth of the Penman's Gazette, one of 
the oldest, brightest and best known journals In 
the field ot penmanship. 

The Magazine retains the vigorous spirit of Us 
revered ancestor, and at the same time adds new 
features wh^ch make it shine with no mean brll- 
liiincy in the spheres of literature. It docs not 
seek to olambernp the steeps of dusslc art, leaving 
penmanship In tho foot-hills, but endeavoj-s at all 


' this a 

rail where she properly belongs. Shorthand : 
amply treated In its columns by Prof. W. D. Bridge. 
Frank Beard lellsand Illustrates something in each 
Issue which is by no means dismal or tear-compel- 
ling Each nunilitr contains a frontispiece por- 

ii.ii ( .::.i:iji>tied man, with short blo- 

^T,,; i, , . . i. . 1 !„. ,.,iitoriBnola8 8Hd as Walt 
\\'iii ■! I II. .1 vi.'in of pathos permeallug 

111- 'I ;. -.'.[.. II .i«;iysl)riDgsa briny moisture 
Im ilip nrrt-i. ) :-c)c, UiLicby keeping the Inchrymal 
Bluiids in purfcct working order, and preventing an 
accumulation of dust on the retinal tissues. A 
number of persons outside our firm have said, 
without compeosatloo, that 


was the brightest and spiciest educational Journal 
published. Our editor, Mr. A. J, SL-arborough, 
reads It more than any barb wire journal that 
comes to the office. He even, in his eagerness, 
often reads it before it is published. This may seem 
strange, but It is none the less true. 

'. ify 

f the s 

ments made in its favor., just Inclose Ten Cents for 
a sample Copy and special diiicouuis to clubs, and 
we w ill Srfud you a semi-globular wad of Ibe richest 
literary morsel to be found in the maikets. Or 
send One Doilar, and be entertained and informed 
for one year. 

Address, THE 0. A. GASKELL CO., 

79 Wabash Ave., Chicago, III. 

Jfenlion this paper. 4-lf 

JUST ONE t— Upon receipt of your address on 
a postal card, we will mail you one sample 
copy of the 'Western Penman," and before you 
refuse this liberal offer, just notice what you will 
miss. The March number contained a Portrait and 
liiiigriiiihiciil SkelL'liof A, M, Hootman, Chicago ; . 
iin lUiistrulfil Liss;i.ii in Pen Drawing, by A C, 
Webb, Niislivilli.-, T'.'iiii ; a most betiutiful full-page 
spei,imeu of t'l^n Drawing and Lettering, by H. J. 
MicbiiL-l, Alk'(]ti.i\vii, I'!!, ; a biMiitifiil Peu Drawing 


iSTUlICTION In aU branches of i*eL_ 
and Bookkeeping by Mull, clroulars free. 
Qeld, Hbd., Box 6Sfi. Please 

1(1 conv 

Invtiiuable tu all who are soeklug to Improve 

406 Broadway, . 

1 York. 




300 Waflhington St.. BoMtun. 

119 South 4t)i St., Fhlladetphla. 
180 Mouroe St., Clilcago. 

21S Chestnut St., St. I.oul8. 
128 WAlniit St., Cincinnati. 

017 7th St., N. IT., Washlngtun. 

15 N. Charles St., Bflltlmore. 
3-3 443 Wood St., Pittshurgh. 


Shorthand Schools, 


Largest in the Country. 
Instruction by Mail a Specialty. 


5 no position. Send stamn for trial lesson. In 
ructor, 50c. H. M. f'ERNIN. Detroit. Mich. 



W. W. OsaOODBT, Putlisher, Eoeliester, H. 7. 

I Wycbff's Phonographic Instiliiie 


rbatlm ReportlDff Practically 

Bemlagton 77p^Wrlterl ud Sappllei, 




>no(traphy thoroughly learned 

ruueiiiy learnen, opens the oest 

Seople, espeelally for edut^ated 
for oir'lar. W. G. CHAFFEE. 

•ALi, ABoi'T snoRTnjunv' 

i3CliiitonP],New-yorle,N. Y. 

ROWELL A HICKCOX'8 School of Shorthand 
23 bchool St., Bo8ton, is the leading Aman- 
uenses Trainlnir School In New England, and one 
or tne few institutions of its kind where a really 
Btenographio business education can be obtained. 



Now ready. Each number contains 12Spaeef 
Dlohl, bound in 4-color lithograph 

ihl. bound in 4-color lithograph cover No. 6 
trains 60 Recilattone for Little People. Mailed 
._. lacenUeach. by J. S. 0Q1L\TB &. CO.. Pub- 
lishers. 81 Rose Street, New York The seven 
numbers sent to any address for 70 oenta 8-1" 

FOR SALE.— A thoroughly equipped Business 
University in one of the most enterprising 
and rapidly growing cities In the East will be sold 
Cheap. Also a paper published monthly, with a 
liV;?.^..^"'*^"?^'"" list. ^viU be sold. Address. 
BUSINESS UNIVERSITY, care of Penman's Art 
Journal, 205 Broadway, N. T. City. 12-t f— 

eWSENT) 25 CTS, and get your name and town In 


"{l£4/i"v ^''u\ ^'-'"1'}}^ ■ f'''t«l<'RU6 School Sup- 
plies and N,,vi.)tlr-«itl, urst order Address 

(■M:i:iMJn;K,i.i iHA4fm^m^mr< .. 





Business College, 

707 to 7i;j Broad St., Newark, N. J., 

1 Yonng Men, Boys 

lopular School In the 

ot business transactions. 

r. Course of study ooi 

e, by a system ot bu 

in real values. No Vaoations. Rates _ 

..tes assisted to situations. The Illustrated 

Catalogue and College Journal mailed to any ad- 
dre,-s. "f 2-13 H. COLEHAN, Prin. 

■^A School TboroDghl; Equipped for Office TniDiog.'^ 

Board $8 to $10 per month. Send for College 

the most practical book of the age, wIU be mailed 
to any address on receipt of $2. 

For oiroulars, address 

TH03. A. RICE, A.M., L.l T 

.. St. Louis, Mo. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 

The First School of Its kind in America. 

Laroelt Pathonized ano Uioult Endorsed. 
StudenU now registered from ev^ry State and 
Territory and nearly all BritUfi Amtrican Provincei. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Distance no objection. Low rates and satia- 
faotlon guaranteed. Send two letter stamps for 
38-pag6 AiiDoniioem«nt and TesUmonials. 

Addrkss ad aeovb. 10-ia 

TELEGRAPHY farx-o-o"^ 

the prescribed course. City line several miles h 
Board 810 per month. Send tor Clroular. 



One Lesson, 25o.; Ave lor SI. Improvement 
certain. Ten years' experience, and thousands 
of Students. Send to 

Penman's Badge, 

"A NE^A'' LIGHT." 

The iDternatlonal Exponent of the Calll- 
graphlo Art. 
Published monthly at 60c. per year with a pen- 
picture of St. Louis as premium (alone worth the 
moutiy). I^ons In Plain and Ornamental Pen- 
miinflhip. Pen Drawing, Bookkeeping, etc., every 
mouth. Sample copy free. Address 

FOKRES & BOWMAN. Altoona. Pa. 

The Journal's New Handy Binder. 

Price 50 Cents, Postage Paid. 


We will mall twelve back numbers of the Joun- 
NAi, and the Binder for SI. 

To any pr^ent subscriber for the Journai. who 
will send us S2, for his renewal and one new sub- 
scription (each with regular premium), we will 
mall the Binder as free premium. We make the 
same offer for two new subscriptions. 

For SI. 15 we will mail the Journai, one year to 
any address, with Binder as premium. 



mptly forwarded by mall (or exprtju 


Any of the following 
when so stated): 
Ames' Compendium of Practioal and Orna- 
mental Penmanship js o 

Ames' Book of Alphabets is 

Ames' Guide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, In paper, Zlc; in cloth i o 
Ames' Copy Slips for Self-Learners... . ' 6 

Williams' and Packard's Gems . » « 

Standard Praotical Penmanship, by the Spen- 

parts, per part.. 

Parson. 6unton & Sorlbaer'a Maiiuai^!!!!! 
""^'" ' Alphabets, five slips. 35c.; compK-t 

Little's Illustrative Handbook on' Drawhii'.* 

of 17 B 
Illustr . 

Family Record 

Marriage Cerliticute . 

Garfield Memorial ..'.' 

Lord's Prayer 

Bounding Stag 

Flourished Eagle 

Centennial Picture of Proi,' 

Ornamental and Flourished CardsTia designs. 

100 by maii.. 

. .24.X.32 



Shed Card; 

original and artUtio, per pack of W 

Bristol Board, S-alieettuW, 88x28,' per sheet! 60 

'■ 22x28. per sheet, by express. . . 30 

French B. B., 24x34, " '• ... 75 

Black Card-board. 22x28. for white ink... '.'.'. 50 

26x40 !! 

Blank Bristol Board Cards, per 100 " ' 85 

" 1000, by ex... 2 00 

mr ^« " 10,000 " ... 15 00 

WInsor A Newton's SupT Sup.Indla Ink Stick 1 00 
Prepared India Ink, per bottle, by express 66 

Ames Penmen's Favorite No. 1, nerfn"osa I 00 
OUlotf. TO SMel PeJ, per „os,^ ^°"''"' , 5? 

Spenoerian Artistic No. 14, per gross 1 

EngrosBlnK Pens for lettering, per doz 

Crow-quUl Pen, very fine, for drawing, doz!.' 
Sonnecken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Broad-set of Ave ..!!!'!!'! ! 

Oblique Penholder, each lo'c.; per dozen l 

"Double" Penholder (miiy be used either 

straight or obliou^). each lOc; per dozen, 1 
Oblique Metal Tips (adjustable to any holden! 
Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged! ! 

New Improved Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diminishing drawings i 

Ready Binder, a slmpre device for holding 

Common Sense Binder, 


binder, JoDRNAi, size, very durable 

Roll Blackboards, by express, 

No! 2; '• 2Hx3«^feet!!!!:. !!:!::::;;■:;: IS 

No. 8, 3 x4 " o 50 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any lenrtji,' per 
yard, slatedononeside. ...... _ ""^ *""^ ^^ 

40 inches wide, per yard slated bVithnfrina' 9 "k^ 
Uguld Slatlne, the bSt in uSI, fo? wlS^r 

wooden boards, per gallon e 00 

We win supply, atpublU/urs- rattt, any standard 
worn on penmanship in print ; also any bookkeep- 
^^1.''''^™®'"''''^ arithmetic or other educational 

order. In all oases. Unless 
"vt no goods will be sent by 
by express, C. O. D., unless a 

this requirement is met no goods wiU be 
mail, (h any ceue, nor by express, C. O. r 
sufficient advance Is made to protect 

I'^^^'il*"',^'"^^""^''",?. ^'*-"'"'-^° (yo™have'fo?g" 
the price) and you will remit," or to ask us if we 
■can't take less." We can't. We handle nothinir 
but reliable good*, and all who favor ns with 
orders are assured of prompt and efficient senioe. 
Address, D. T. AMRS, 

ii-Monthly devoted to Penmanship and Bus! 

■soription pric 
."■»u. vtrjui uiui«,VOo peryear, AueAmen- 
Penman Is a large eight page paper, hand- 

somely printed and illu-.trated. Address 
II.C.CLARK. "^■ 

:. CLARK. Bditorand 


The Standard Practical Penmanship, a portfolio 
mbraolng a complete Itbrarv of praotical writing, 
Including the new Magic Alphabet, capable of 

— — '-J ftiiy one legibly flv« times as fast 

itlng. I9 mailed for Sl.OO. from the 

iplete library of praotical writing, 
-aw Magic Alpha b' - " ' 
by any one legibly fl\ 
aa orainary wntlng. I9 mall " 
New York oface only. Addr 

H. A.SPENCER, 11-t 

Sponcerian Business College, 86 But liU St., H. 7. 


■ agents in every 

the JouR.N .i"i 

thisls a'mn!i,.y.u,iiKirjK biisjif".^ ' WriiL- aV 01 
^^if^^'" ^'""^- "l^'' "'« ^^^ •^li-'t'l" parties ^ 
D, T. AMES. Editor and PnorKiBToa, 
806 Broadway, N. Y. 






pi>le Ink Powder makes th« heat free 
liowing, j.^t-black writing Ink in the world. Will 

rer« of every 
14 Oliver St., 



and I will send ' 

writing it, with li 

stamp, and I will send 

ind you ad 

riptfve of L 



On the Mississippi, about 


Pelrce's System of Penmanshrp- 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership In the Business Deuariment Is 
2d. A Membership in the Penmanship Depart- 

3d. The total expense is about one-half that of 
similar institutions in larger cities. 

4th. No vacations. Applications for admission 
can be made any day in toe year. 

5th. We guarantee tupm-ior instruction and ex- 
cellent "" 

6th. : 

letter stamps for Journal, oircu- 

7lh. Peirce'sSystemof Penmanship, with Method 
of Instruction. Revised, perfected, unproved The 
eleventh edition now ready. Sample copies sent 
on receipt of 25 cents. By the dozen, •& cents net 

6th. My Pldlosophlcal Treatise of Penmanship 
has been out In desirable form and now rutails at 
volume. Remember, it is the oidy 

book of Ita kind ever published; containing i 
hundred (700) questions and 700 answers, together 
with Articles, Leotures, Criticisms and Disuuasions 
all pertaining to Penmanship, and covering 118 

f superior paper. 

will be announced in these columns when ready, 
book of Instruotic 

1 of this "TREATISE" 
■ columns w' 
: Exerciser " 

Chandler H. Peirce. 


Engrossing Baokhund Alphabet. 
Examples of Card Writing, 
iillhouette Rustic Alphabet. 
Bngrossing Hand Alphabet. 
" — '■eAlph-'- - 

uuLiiiu Alphabet. 
Kapid MuHcular Writing Alphabet 
Rapid Old English Text Alphabet. 
Rapid Working Alphabet. 
■•-- ' " • Alphabet. 


Also eight stylei 

Adiea', wr Card IIl , 

Foliage Letter Alphabet. 

irdlland Alphabet. 

Hugged Alphabet, 
liiilf Block Alpbabi 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 
8181 NfcW YORK. 

llooiir ( 



Analytical Bookkeeping Chart? 

It is u work tbal du teacher 
iiparl shape, h 

Complete Exhibit of the Science of Accounts. 


id mailer lu praise. 


Price, $1 .OO Postpaid. 

Willi THE OFFKE, ,i practical journal for Aec 
Maitautra and O/jice Men. Pablisb«l monthly. 


The April issue uf THE OFFICE 
Circulars of DuttoD's Chart free. 
Address all cotninunicatiotis to 

gle co|)ics 10 ctH 


r. o. jiox luiis. 



Smiill mid Cap), . 

«Atitifiil flourish fur : 


$ .60 Y;t 
si.oo f 
$2.00 ; ' 

IVIANSHIP. oonsistiDK of a sole 
oapttals, comblimiionexorolsea, luttl&l combiiiatiot: 

FLOUKISHING, oonBlstiiiK of handsoaie ooUe 


terror Informatiiii t-onc-t 

B. birds, swans, etc., aU direct/rom tkepei 

For (lesorlptlou send for Circulars. 
A PeDmanshIp at the N. I. Normal 

PENMANSHIP, Bee my adv. In . 
ic-nd fur either the above uompendlums, and who r 

pleaded with the qimntity and quality of peu-work In each, may return it and get tlielr money back. 

Address. E. K. ISAACS, Penman Northern Indiana Normal School, 
When writing, mentlou the JounNAL. 3— tf VALPAIIAISO, END. 



r preparation iieedtd. Thu 



larki't and no fault found, 
. It Is the bpst. Take no 
;s for it to 


307 Broadway, N. Y. 




Sent bj mall for price. Correspondence solloltod. 

JJeaorlptive circulars free. 


31 UoQ^t Ilulliling, U-ie) DctruU, Midi. 

James W. Lusk's 


The puhltcation of this Little Paper was commenced in 191 
;i few oomplct« sets of the^e ptii)er<3 left and will close them on 
numbers. They oonfitlii a greul variety of original pen-work. 

, and suspended in 

at twenty-five oents per 8 

'itii instructions, an 

Lessons In Writing, Flourishing, Drawing, and Lettering, including 

principles and finished designs, Line and Stipple Shading 

Many Original and Beautiful Alphabets, Full Pages 

of Flowers, Engrossing, Unique Designs, 

Lessons on Pen-Portraits, Etc. 

Also many amull Ornamental Desii^ns, Specimens of Writing, and nnicL valuable information 

for all who wish to learn about Pen-Work and to execute It. Every illustration is new and original 

and there are no repetitious. Eaoh number is full of choice pen-work and matter of interest to 

penmen, and no trash. We give a few testimonials from old subscriber!. We have enough similar 

ones to fill a large parfi'- If your order comes too late to secure a complete lile we will return 

money, nemember the price Is only twenty-five cents for the nine numbers, and each one wil 

he worth double that'amount to you. 

7 Uohoi't Sii-evt, Vtiea, N. F. 

: permit the 
er of permanent 
Franklin. Neb. 

Am sorry that your work would 
continuation of your paper. It c 
sunbeam, and was full of mattE 
value to a student or teacher. 
W. A. HARSiiBin< 

Das the April, '85, No. of 
issued? Ilftvo not received mine. Am sorry you 
intend to suspend Its publication, nave found 
It the best of all the papers devoted to penman- 
ship— no dross in it, ail pure gold. 

G. H. Bi.ACE, Washlneton, Iowa. 

A copy of the Ciiirograpkic Quartebm' has 
come into my hands, and I am delighted with 
it. Enclosed please find postage for one year's 

S. A. U. Hahn, Little Rock, Ark. 


I Quartnly is rich with hints to pen- 

numbers of the Quarterly. Be 
sure and not forget me on the remainder issued, 
as I consider them worth fifty cent^ each for 
original ideas alone. 

John K. Goodrich, Waterbury, Conn, 
You will lind enclosed twenty-four cents for 
another year's subscription to your very tasty, 
attractive and valuble paper. It has become a 
necessity to me and only regret that it does not 
visit us oftener. 

U. McKek. Oherlin, Ohio. 
Of all the penman's papers I have taken, and 
I have had Dearly all of them, I considered 
yours the most valuable to me, and am verj- sorry 
to hear of its discontinuance. 

CuAs, O. Winter, Hartford, Conn, 
The Quarterly is abeautif ul little sheet. Enclos- 
ed find -lie. for which send it to mo for a year. 

n. W. Flickinoee, Philadelphia. Pa. 

This College fnmishes, at moderate cost, the 
very best business training. The Course is an 
embodiment of the latest and most approved 
methods yet attained by the best American Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

It is progieseive and thoroucb in all Its appoint- 
ments and departments. 

The methods for illustrating actual business In 

conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Buiilness Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone, in this Institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire course 
in many Business Colleges that claim to be among: 
the best. 

The Principal of this Department is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as weU as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete Information, 
send for " The Commercial World." 

This is Exclusively a School of Fenmuii- 
siilp, and ii, without an exception, the best In 

The Prinoiptil of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist ; and 
Oi a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes ali hours daily to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend aschool wholly de- 
voted to this one tiling, and alsoplace yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns out more finished penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments in the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pea- 
manibip is Teachers' Training, as well as the 
development of Pen Artists ; also Black- 



Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

to please everyone. 

Send for our " PUONOGRAPHIC WOULD," which contains Information regarding this Depart- 
ment. Address all communlcatlotu to 


*■'* OBEKLIN, O. 

This is not a book publication, bul an ingcnit 
sons in tilings practical and profitable. Following 


isly arranged coui-se of self-help 
ire a few of the titles of lessons: 

Soiuid Business Adi'Ice-IIuw Successful Men Climbed the Business Ladder-What Sucoossful Men 

Say of Suceess-What Successful Men Say of Failnre-Ilapld Addition Made Easy-Bftsincss 

Praolions and How to Handle Theni-Sliort cuts in Fitrures-How to Malte Change-How 

to Mark Prices of Gouds-SometbinK About \Vi.i:is and Pay Itolls-Unlted States 

Money— How to Speak and Wrilti Correctly— How to Write a Business 

Letter— Hints and Helps for Corresponding Clerks— Things for 

Letter Writers to Remember- Answering Advertisements 
and Applying for Situations- How to Make Out an Account and 
Receipt a BiU-How to Keep a Cash Account-Easy Methods of Book- 
keeping-Hints and Helps for Accountants — Hints anil Helps for Invoice 
Clerks - How to Write a Check and Got It Cashed - The (10-Day Interest Method 
-Promissory Notes: How to Make and Endorse Theui-Drafts and How 
to Deal with them-llow to Collect a Debt — Hints on Advertising, 

Every person engaged in business should have a copy of this work. It contains 
beautifully engraved business papers of various kinds printed in four colors. The direc- 
tions are simple and complete. These lessens may be to many a young person the step- 
ping stone to a successful business career, and tbey will undoubtedly prove helpful lo the 
thousands of young men and women entering the various channels of commercial enterprise. 

Mailed, securely packed in heavy ease, postpaid, to any address for ONE 
DOLLAR. Agents wanted iu every city and town In America. 


50 Bromfield Street, Boston, Mass, 

"' Eaton's 100 Lessons In Business 
isoDs are beautifully printed, and then tl 
a dollars alone," 

is the only sensible thiug of the kind ever published. The 
3 price— one cent eaoh for lessons some of which are worth 






With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teach writing in accordance witli the usages of the best 
writers in the business world. 

guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing," It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on rccci])t 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman, Taylor, & Co., 
753 and 755 Broadway, New York. i-u 




I. brimful and overflowlna with UrhtDlne methoda and sbort rosds to results. It 

Kssetiand liftbllirie», net capitAt. etc. Itot one bookkeeper Id .. . 

bookM |>ruperlj*. nionthlv or yearly. This book tUuatrates approved methods, a asurla? suooess 
whore fallurt' wimld t^iberwine be tnevi table— met hods that kept the author's senrioea In demand by 
lar^e b(>u!i(?3 St II ti'>'-<i !<alar7 for sUteen years, hence methoan worth knowlnx. The experienced 
biiokkterier whn thinks he knows It all should disabuse his mlai;nided Judement by readintr this book 
fti/i rr>»a if not buliliy, and learn much to him before unknown. It settles many points to bis infinite 
sutlMf action about which he has lonK been In doubt. It will enable him to do twice the work In half 
f be time. The Inexperienced or student will find It a i-torehouse full of Important Information from 
fl.Hir to roof— index to appendix. The leeendary sonp of the old school of bookkeeping was to Jour- 
nalise everylliing, a rule more honored In the breach than the observance ; this old humdrum tune 
\f fast dvlne out. however, and will soon be as echoles'* aa the footfalls upon the boundaries of an- 
e keynote to a new school lullaby, as It were, journalize n 


B of a new anthem r 
snd Dopularity. proi 

V leadlne p 

onderful book, leading all others In 
Issued from the press. 
! Descriptive Circular 




see my adv. In another ( 
Specimens. Pens, Inks, etc 


) inch Mol 

I. let- 

Ornamen ts an d Ornamental Deslpns, tofiether 

with the Automatic Shading Pen. 

le and adilress aunerbly written— alone 
ililp, embracinj; 

tjeta.arar' " 

_ Pamphlet of Insinictlm.. ___ 
^^^Three complete sets of Alphabets, 

1 In a variety of c 
rge envelope, with your name and ad'lr 

e^A Course by mail in Autoniatit .. . „ 

LSthe small and capital letters) of the best Alphabets, a variety of 
■•' Desipnr ' — "' '■"- - " *"''' " ' " 

^T'Three ■ 

L, Circulars giving full informntlrm with regard to Lessons. AlphalJels, 

Catalogiio of the Northern Indiana Normal Schoo!,/r«r. 
Vddress. E. K. ISAACS, Pdnman Northern Indiana Normal School. 
CTRNAL, 2-tf Valparaiso, Indiana. 

1. fiOo. 10~SmaU upecimeru. i 

■e pared ink t 

wdered foi 
fresh from the i 

Advanced Method o( Bookkeeping 

CONDENSED TREATISE rM=T=r; b^J^VS',/.".". 'b." 




^yA';ill-..5??.'S.^^^?'N.9 JOURNAL. A Monthly Treatise on the f< 

For experts and careful Writers. Samples 

for trial on application. Aflk for Card No. I, 
CO., 753 & 755 Broadway, New York. 

rpHE leading 1 

for Books, Magazlni 

I unexcelled. Beautiful 

duced from Pen. Pencil 

r Steel Eneravlni 

stamp for circular 

. Shorthand, ( 

I. Commercial Law, 


Penmanship, Correspondence, Gra: 
Price 26 cents per copy. BUSINESS COLLEGE. 

A full Course of Instruction— Books included. Time Unlimited, «75, 
SPANISH ^^'^.""■^^°'^*'-'^,'"E"^U8hconTer8ational and techni 


- .. - instniotlon _ „ 

irivate. Lessons by mall. Accurate Translations to or from these languages. 


* - No8. 22 to 28 North Clark Street, CHICAGO, ILLS. 

containing valuable Information. 

Penman's Fine Blank Cards. Envelopes. 
<feo, Sample Pack of 100 extra sup^r Bri: 

I surface).'*! 

per luO; Ragged Gil 
Elegant assorted sampli 

1 than please 

Bevel. 1 


Ragged Rdge. White 

.11 per 100: Umiirh 

Ragged Gilt Eflj 

free samplen. A trial onler'will 
by Postal Note. 

. Spelling. History, 
Send for Circular. 


Now is your time to put in solid worit ft»r the JOURN.iL. Apply nt once 
for unoccupied territory. 



^ « 



^ = 


Si c o 

o - = 


< i i 





uj :i 


-» * ^ 



« S " 


Ui S o 


z ? ~ 


K S = 


< ^ ^- 


m ^ 


H pi 

31 J" 

o n 

a Pi 

:: o 

2 S 

^. S. 




& CO., Publishei-s, 


Published Monthly 
: 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $t per yi 


tthe Post Office of New York, 
s Second. Class Mail Matter. 

Bntertd acc&rding 


( of Congrat, In tht year 1887, by Danikl T. Ames, in t/u Office of the Librarian ly Congest, WaiMngUm, 

Vol. XL— No. U. 

Representative Penmen of 

L. BURNETT, one 
of our enterprising 
. youDgcr penmen, 
.- who bus achieved 
h i 8 prominence 
through merit, was 
near Rochester, N. 
on the 32d day of 
April, 1857. Early in life 
left without the 
: a mother, and 
before be was ten years 
of age had seen more of 
unlry and become 
more used to the ways of 
the world than most boys 
at twice that age. He 
had a natural bent for 
mechanics, and made himself 
familiar with the principles of 
machinery, so that his friends 
I murlied out for him a course as an 

engineer or inventor. About the only u^e 
be made of his talent, so far as the writer is 
informed, was the doctoring of old clocks, 
sewing-machines, etc. of his neighbors. 

His school trainiug was very meagre, 
what education he received having been 
obtained mainly through the schools of 
various villages of New York State, at 
' which be lived with his father and aunt. 
When the writer became acquainted with 
Mr. Burnett he was keeping a small set of 
hooks and clerking in a fancy-goods store. 
To use his own words, he was "cracked" 
on penmanship, and resolved to give up 
everything else in order to devote himself 
to this art. By the grace of an indulgent 
father be was enabled to do this, and for 
two years subsequently did nothing but 
practice on this and kindred graphic arts, 
dividing his time between pen, pencil, 
brush and crayon. It may be here said that 
at the present time he plies all these instru- 
ments with equal skill. 

Mr. Burnett certainly may be rated as a 
self-made penman in the strictest sense of 
that designation. His skill has been 
acquired as distinctively through observa 
lion and home-practice as that of any pen- 
man now before the public. Six weeks of 
instruction was all he had, and that was 
ft^ mainly in the art of teaching. 

' Hiflflrstprufessioual experience of account 

i was osan associate of I. S. Preston, in which 

capacity he soon became thoroughly drilled 

in the method of organizing classes. A 

little later be started on his own account, 

and had the proud satisfaction of netting 

$135 from his first cIilss, which was taught 

[ in the village of Sodus, Wayne County, 

N. Y. It is a common remark with those 

who are familiar with the man and his 

' methods that he was never known to make 

a failure in securing a good-paying class. 

Of pleasing address, quick to become ac- 

(|uuint('(i,aDd with an acute knowledge of the 
ways of the world, be would in a short time 
secure a good class where, as he often said, 
better men had failed. 

For three years he followed the business 
of itinerant teaching, and during that period 
covered very much the whole country, 
norih, south, east and west. His nomadic 
disposition induced him at one time to ven- 
ture into Central and South America ; at 
another into Europe, and then again away 
up in Prince Edward's Island. His exten- 
sive journeyings were not without adven- 

dcnce, R. I., where he has a large number 
of students iu charge. 

Mr. Burnett is a member of several secret 
and social organizations, among which may 
be named the Odd Fellows' Fraternity, the 
Knights of Pythias, and flie Rhode Island 
Yacht Club. One of his favorite pastimes 
is bicycle riding, at which he is an adept. 

And the best of it all is that he 'is a 
thorough good fellow. Perhaps the most 
serious charge to be brought against him is 
that in spite of his good looks {vid€ por- 
trait) he to this time remains a bachelor. 

ture, and muu> incidents might be cited of 
a thrilling character. One of these is the 
well-known Ashtabula railroad horror ; 
another the Brooklyn Theatre fire. He was 
iu a steamship accident, and has been per- 
suaded to alight from a Westei'n stage-coach 
by suave gentlemen iu slouch hats, long 
hair and horse-pistol jewelry. Wandering 
from the path of the faithful several times, 
his old love invariably comes home to him, 
and be strays back to the Kingdom of the 

A change came after a while, and for the 
past few years Mr. Burnett has settled 
down into what he calls " deacondora." He 
says there is more fun and money in the 
old way if you understand it ; but it makes 
a Wandering Jew out of a man, and one is 
never contented nor happy. 

As a penman the Jouiinal readers are 
already quite familiar with Mr. Burnett's 
work. He excels both in plain and artistic 
writing, and his engrossing and pen-drawing 
ore of very superior order. Perhaps his 
forte ia black-board writing, which has 
stood him in excellent stead as an inslructor. 
For several years now he has been con- 
nected with the penmanship department of 
Stowell'a B. & S. Business College, Provi- 

Blll Nye Takes a Hand 

He I'utB n Quietus on tlie Shakeopenre- 
Bacon Controversy. 

Trusting that it will not in any way im- 
pair the sale of Mr. Donnelly's book, I de- 
sire to offer herea few words in favor of the 
theory that William Shakespeare wrote his 
own works and thought his own thinks. 
The time has fully arrived when we humor- 
ists ought to stand by each other. 

I do not undertake to stand up for the 
personal character of Shakespeare, but I 
say that he wrote good pieces and I don't 
core who knows it. It isdoubtless true that 
at the age of eighteen he married a woman 
eight years his senior, and that children 
began to cluster about their hearthstone in 
a way that would have made a man in a 
New York flat commit suicide. Three little 
children within fourteen months, including 
twins, came to the humble home of the 
great Bard, and he began to go out and 
climb upon the haymow to do his writing. 
Sometimes he would stay away from home 
for two or three weeks at a time, fearing 
that when he entered the house some one 
would tell him that he was again a parent. 

Yet William Shakespeare knew all the 
time that he was e great man and that aome 

day he would write pieces to speak. He 
left Stratford at the age of twenty-one and 
went to London, where he attracted very 
little attention, for he belonged to the yeo- 
manry, being a kind of dramatic Horace 
Greeley both in the matter of clothes and 
penmanship. Thus it would seem that 
while Sir Francis Bacon was attending a 
business college and getting himself fami- 
liar with the wholearm movement, so as to 
be able to write a free, cryptogamous hand, 
poor W. Shakespeare was slowly thinking 
the hair off his head, while ever and anon 
he would bring out his writing materials 
and his bright, ready tongue, and write a 
sonnet on an empty stomach. 

Prior to leaving Stratford he is said to 
have dabbled in the poaching business iu a 
humble way on the estates of Sir Thomas 
Lucy, since deceased, and that he wrote the 
following encomium or odelet in a free, 
running hand, and pinned it on the Jcnight's 
gate : 

" o, dcor Ttiomaa Lucy, 

Your vensloa'a juicy. 

iliiley 1b your venison : 

Hence I append my beidson. 
The ro8e IB red, the violet's blue. 
The keeper's a chump and eo are you. 
Which Is why I remnrk and my latigiuiKe is plain, 
" Youra truly, 

High Low Jack 

And the Game." 

Let me now once more refer to the mat- 
ter of the signature. Much has been said 
of Mr. Shakespeare's coarse, irregular and 
vulgar penmanship, which, it is claimed, 
shows the ignorance of its owner, and hence 
his inability to write the immortal plays. 
Let us compare the signature of Shakes- 
peare with that of Mr. Greeley, and we 
notice a wonderful similarity. There is the 
same weird effort in both cases to out-eryp- 
togram Old Cryptogamous himself, and en- 
shrine immortal thought and heaven-horn 
gcnivm in a burglar proof panoply of worn 
fences, and a chirography that reminds the 
careful student of the general direction 
taken in returning to Round Knob, N. C. 
by a correspondent who visited the home of 
a moonshiner with a view to ascertaining 
the general tendency of home-brewed whisky 
to fly to the head. 

If we judge Shakespeare by his signature, 
not one of us will be safe. Death will wipe 
out our fame with a wet sponge ; John Han- 
cock in one hundred years from now will he 
regarded as the author of the Declaration of 
Independence, and Compendium Gaskell as 
the author of the New York Tribune. 

I have every reason to believe that while 
William Shakespeare was going about the 
streets of London, poor but brainy, erratic 
but smart, bald-headed but filled with a 
nameless yearning to write a play with real 
water and a topical song in it, Francis 
Bacon was practicing on his signature, get- 
ting used to the fullarm movement, spoil- 
ing sheet after sheet of paper, trying to 
make a violet swan on a red woven wire 
mattress of shaded loops without taking his 
pen off the paper and running the rebus 
column of a business college paper. 

Poets are born, not made, and many of 
them are born with odd and even disagree- 
able characteristics. Some men are born 
poets, while it is true that some acquire 
poetry, while others have poetry thrust upon 
them. Poetry is like the faculty, tf I may 
so denominate it, of being able to volunta- 
rily move the ears. It is a gift. It cannot 
be taught to others. 


So Sbakeapcare. willi all bis poor ptn- 
mansbip, wilb bis pronencss to poacb, with 
bis poverly and bis neglect of his wife and 
his children, could write a play wbercia the 
lending man and Ibe man who played the 
bass drum in the orchestra did uot claim to 
have made the principal part. 

8bttkpspcare did not want bis plays pub- 
lished. He wanted to keep them out of the 
preas in order to prevent their use at spell- 
ing schools in the hands of unskilled art- 
ists ; and so Ibere was a long period of time 
during which tlie papers could not get hold 
of them for publication. 

During this time Francis Bacon was in 
public life. He and Shakespeare bad noth* 
ingin common. Both were great men, but 
Bacon's sphere was dilferent from .Shakes- 
peare's. Wliile Bacon was in the Senate, 
living high and courting investigation, 
Shakespeare had to stuff three large pil- 
lows into his pantaloons nod play Falstaff 
at a one-night stand. — Bill Nye in New York 

Hurrah for Cedar Rapids! 


I say hurrah .' because that is the cheering 
sound coming up to me from all directions 
regarding the forthcoming meeting at Cedar 
Rapids of the Western Penman's Association 
during holiday week in December. 

The Convention held in Des Moines last 
winter was such a success and enjoyed so 
much by all present, the earnest inquiries 
begin to come from many regarding the 
meeiing this year. In answer to these, I 
send this to our Journal, knowing it will 
reach every penman in this country. 

3 the beauti- 
ful river of the East. 

Come one, come all. There is room and 
to spare upon our grand prairies and in our 
cities of such magnificent distances as 
Cedar liapids. As President of the Western 
Penman's Convention. I extend a personal 
invitation to all interested to attend our 
coming gathering at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 
December 27th, 28tli and 29th, 1887. 

C. S. Chapman. 
Dea Moines, loica, Oct. ISfh. 

of the municipal affairs of the city and a at once, wheu lo Mr. Long's astonishment 
committee of citizens organized forthe pur- and chagrin the notes proved" to be forgeries 
pose of correcting frauds and abuses, John ! p(.Tpetrated by bis friend .Iiimes Hunter. 
Hunter was selected by the committee to be i 
the receiver of taxes. ' 

Being thus called from his otHce for a ! 
large part of the time, the business manage 
ment of the Hunters devolved upon James, 
who engaged in large outside speculations, 
in which he sustained very large losses, 
causing embarrassment. He applied for 
relief to his old scbool-hoy friend and cbi 
James Long, who also had been exceedingly 


The worthless paper amounted in the aggre- 
gate to over $400,000, and the culprit hastily 
fled from the city to avoid arrest. 

Mr. Long immediately icdeemed all of 

the genuine outstanding notes, which he 

bad given to the Hunters, to the amount of 

between $50,000 and $60,000. Of course as 

forged notes were presented, he denied 

signature and declined payment. 

"be suit lately tried was by the Union 

National Bank of Mt. Holly against the 

Ninth National Bank of Philadelphia, to 

aver Ibe money paid for one of the forged 

es, which it had purchased as an invest- 

it. The suit was brought on the allega- 

1 that the note was a forgery sold by the 

lib National Bank. That institution 

defended the suit on the ground that the 

signature was genuine. Several parties who 

familiar with Mr. Long wtre called to 

testify respecting the signature, which they 

pronounced to be a forgery. Thomas May 

" ' ;e. President of the Union Business 

yewaim^^ax m ixxu v mxmsscsmxsmsa a ^ 



Every ofiicer of the Association is at 
work, and the Executive Committee is busy 
preparing a programme. The committee 
will endeavor to cover every department of 
chirography in making tbeir assignments. 

Some have asked why we should hold the 
meeting in December, to which I give two 

it : 



'itb all business schools, a 
1 be absent better than s 
save during the very 

id the 


ond I 

9 that the weather is 
col'i and conducive to energetic, enthusias- 
tic efforts on the part of those attending. 
The success last year was largely due to the 
low standing of mercury, and high standing 
of the profession present. 

From present indications, I am scfe in 
saying that our forthcoming Convention 
will outnumber any penman's convention 
ever held in this country, and judging 
from the ability of those who have assured 
me of their presence, it will uot be sur- 
passed in interest, pleasure or profit. 

In choosing a name last year we did not 
call it the Western Penman's Association 
with any ide.i of limiting its boundaries, 
but simply because the prospects were bo 
large. It would not do to call it the 
" Eastern," because the "East" is now so 
small. The " West" including everything 
west of the Hudson, we thought that 
Western would be most appropriate, know- 
ing full well the ease with which our friends 

A Celebrated Case. 


Many of our readers may recall the re- 
ports which appeared in the press during 
the year 1HK4 and since of the extensive 
forgeries perpetrated by James Hunter, of 
Philadelphia, against the wealthy banker, 
James Long. The tirst trial growing out of 
these forgeries occurred during the first 
week of Oclober in Philadelphia. The cir- 
cumstances of these forgeries border upon 

north of Ireland, 
chums. They 
fifty years 

James and John Hunter were brothers. 
They and James Long were natives of the 
ind were school-boy 
to Philadelphia over 
jere they engaged in 
business. The Hun- 
ters were indus- 
trious, economical 
and enterprising, 
and in their joint 
business of manu- 
facturing were so 
prosperous as to 
amass a fortune, 
estimated at one 

lion of dollars. For integrity they stood 
above reproach. In fact, John Hunter 
was known by the aobriquH of "Honest 
John Hunter," and when a few years since 
frauds were discovered in the management 

prosperous, first as a manufacturer and after- 
ward a banker, through which he had 
become one of the solid financial men of 
Philadelphia. James Hunter in appealing 
to his friend Long represented that he had 
invested large sums in promising real estate, 
and that he required only temporary aid to 
enable him to realize large profits on liis 
investment, and thus induced Mr. Long to 
give him accomodation notes for large 
amounts, aggregating in 1870 over $100,000. 
At this time, in consequence of the diffi 
culty experienced in collecting the security 
notes given by Hunter, Mr. Long became 
doubtful as to Hunter's financial standing, 
and urged that the amount of the loans be 
constantly reduced. In bis embarrassment 
Mr. Hunter bad fallen into the habit of meet- 
ing the notes as they fell due by procuring 
new notes in their stead, and Mr. Long de- 
manded that the new note be made for a less 
amount than the old one which it was to 
redeem. Mr. Hunter advancing the differ- 
ence. By this process the aggregate of the 
accommodation notes due Mr. Long from 
the Hunters %vas reduced in 1884 to between 
$50,000 and $00,000. 

At a meeting of the trustees of the Eighth 
National Bank of Philadelphia, at which 
Mr. Long, as vice-president and trustee, was 
present, hewas astonished at hearing several 
of his notes called off in favor of James and 
John Hunter, as offered for discount, which 
from their dates and amounts he knew be 
had never signed, Investigation followed I 

College, Philadelphia, testified that Le had 
been intimately associated with Mr. Long 
in church affairs for many years past, Mr. 
Long acting as treasurer, and Mr, Peirce as 
one of the auditing committee, in which he 
had become thoroughly familiar with Mr, 
Long's signature and handwriting. He .ilso 
pronounced the signature a forgery, after 
which D. T. Ames, of New York, editor of 
The JomtNAL, was called as an expert, and 
also pronounced the signature a forgery. 

The following is clipped from the report 
of the Philadelphia Press respecting his 
testimony : 

Nearly the entire morning waa consumed by ex- 
perts Daniel T. Ames, of New York, and Thomtu 
May Peirce, of this city. In testlfytng that the sig- 
nature to the note In suit waa a forgery. Mr, Ames 
look with him to the witness stand a bijr valise. He 
handed the court olerk his card and offlmied. He 
I considered one of the best experts In the country. 
: was through his testimony that ex- Cadet Wlilt- 
iktr was suspended from West Point. When 
the Morey letter was published Mr. Araea was the 
■St to pronounce It a forgery, as waa af terwardu 
oven. He told Mr. Pletoherina calm dienlded 
id toft voice that he was a " teacher, author and 
ibliflher" concerning tlie science of writing, and 
13 un expert In "questioned wrillng " He un- 
fastened his valise and brought forth a microscope 
hich looked so much like a Gatling gun as to 
,uae Mr. Fletcher to ask If it " went off." 
" No, air." 'replied Mr. Ames. stopping In his work 
of adjuatlng the lenses and looking at Mr. Fletcher 
1 patronizing way, " not while Im hniidllDg it." 
B answer caused a laugh at Mr. Kletcher'a ex- 
ise. Taking ihe aljpged forged note and a genu- 
ine algnature of Mr. Long, the expert traced on a 
blackboard a copy of fach. and explained the dif- 
ferences to the Jury and let them see for themaelvei 

what the sigoatures looked like under Itie lenses. 
The point* he made were that while there win 
good attempt made toeliuulat« tliegeoeral charuc- 
teriitlcs of Mr. ling's v,-riting, yet there waa a 
decided failure ; that the forKcr was so studious 
In hl8 elToriA In some details that he made a blun- 
der ■□ not writing oa a line parallel with the signa- 
tures, aa appears In all of Mr. Long's signatures : 
that the forgery showed a fine knowledge of the 
sc'teoce of writing, which 1b not seeD In Mr. Long's : 

and the unequal distribution of the ink showed 
that the signature was written by " hitches" and 
not as when written freely by Mr. Long ; ttat ner- 
vousness was. evident, and that the point to the 
tall of the * was made with two marks of Che pen. 
Immediately after Ihe close ot Mr. Ames" 
testimony, tbe President of the Ninth 
Niitional Bank, who sat in the court-room 
(presumably from being convinced that tbe 
sigDnture was forged) announced his readi- 
ness to pny the amount of the note witli 
interest, which he immediately did in open 
court, aod the suit ended without the 
defence calling a witness. 

We give on another page a pboto-engravcd 
cut of the note in suit, also several of the gen- 
luae signatures of James Long. We leave 

base line. indicatiDg that this was tbe 
natural habit of the writer, while in the 
signature was a ./entirely different in form 
and made entirely above the base line. His 
inference was that the J in tbe signature 
was a simulation of some other /, while the 
joining of tbe ./to Ibe a that followed, and 
theo itself conformed to the joining and the 
a in the combination Jas in tbe body of the 
note. The m following was of tbe same 
character as the tti in tbe date line of the 
note. The n in Lang was of the same charac- 
ter as the n in the word Hunter and else- 
where in tbe body of the note. Tbe » in tbe 
signature was in tbe main the siime as the « 
in the body of the note, but to the former 
was appended a projection which was not in 
accordance with the naturally written 9 in 
tbe body of the note ; hence the inference 
that it was a simulation. Moreover, it was 
made in two parts, having first been ended 
abruptly and then pieced out, in order to 
give it the point which would indicate that 
it had been manufactured in imitation of 
some other form. The g in Jjong was also a 
very long full loop, while in the body of the 
note the loops are short. Hence the infer- 
ence that the g in LoTig is a simulated letter. 

Writing that Read Both Ways. 

During the war a quanlity of personal 
property belonging to a resident of Wash- 
ington was seized and confiscated by the 
United States. For years tbe original 
owner made repeated attempts to secure an 
order for its restoration from tbe quarter- 
master who had charge of it. But he was 
obdura'e, and insisted that it should be 
restored only through an act of Congress. 
Still tbe attorney for the plaintiff persisted, 
and again be wrote to Quartermaster- 
General Meigs for an order of restoration. 
This was about the seventh attempt, and 
tbe officer had grown impatient. He wrote 
an exceedingly vigorous reply, in which he 
emphatically refused to do as requi'sted. 
The handwriting was frightful. The attor- 
ney saw his chance. He hastened to his 
client, and thrusting the letter to him, said : 

"I have succeeded at last Here is the 

The "order" was taken to the corral, 
where the officer in charge recognized the 
signature, and at once turned over tbe 
property. When General Meigs asked what 
had become of it he was told that it had 
been restored on his order. He saw tbe 
order, and as he could not read it. he simply 

" I do not remember signing it." 

The First Greenback Paper. 

The bank-note paper used for the United 
States "greenback" was made under the 
Wilcox patent, at tbe mills of that old 
Pennsylvania firm, whose mills, curiously 
enough, had also made tbe paper for the 
Continental currency of Revolutionary 
days. It was rendered distinctive by tbe 
use of silk fibres of red and blue, the red 
being mised with Ihe pulp in the engine, so 
that it was scattered throughout the sub- 
stance of the paper, while the blue was 
ingeniously showered upon tbe web while 
on tbe " wire," so that it appeared only in 
streaks. This combination was so diflicult 
to copy, and required such expensive 
machinery, as to call for a skill, patience 
and capital not at the disposal of 1 
feitery. — Harjier's Magazine. 

Writing that Counts. 

It is a satisfaction to read about checks 
that have drawn large sums from banks, 
even if every person iu not fortunate enough 
to have a bank account that will stand such 
drafts. The largest check ever made in the 
United States— according to the JtmrnaVa 

our readers to exercise their own judgment 
as to the merits of tbe case, 

The special difficulty experienced by the 
expert in testifying in a court in Pennsyl- 
vania arose from tbe fact that under the law 
of that State an expert is not permitted 
to make any comparison between the dis- 
puted handwriting and tbe genuine, being 
only allowed to speak from the indications 
of forgery on its face. These reasons were 
presented by Mr. Ames for believing the 
signature lo be a forgery : 

In a comparison of tbe writing in the 
body of the note and that of the signature 
he was ready to believe that it was all writ- 
ten by one band. This was apparent in tbe 
fact that certain characteristics of the signa- 
ture were coincident with corresponding 
characteristics In tbe body of the note. Vet 
while he believed the signature to be written 
by tbe same band as that of the body, there 
were many differences which he could not 
harmonize with the ordinary habit of the 
writer as manifested in tbe filling of tbe 
body of tbe note. For illustration— in the 
body of the note were two </'s which were 
made nearly straight and central upon the 

The whole signature is written consider- 
ably above tbe base line. Viewing it as a 
simulation this might result in Mr. Ames' 
opinion from two causes. 

First, it is apparent from an examination 
of the naturally written J"s in the body of 
tbe note that it was the habit of the writer 
to divide these letters about equally above 
and below the base line, and to join the ./to 
the a at the middle staff of the J. the a 
resting upon the baseline. The fact that 
the writer in simulating the signatures 
wherein the /was made entirely above the 
base line would lead him by force of habit 
to unconsciously join the a to the J at its 
centre, which would lift the a above the 
base line. Beginning thus the entire signa- 
ture was continued in that manner. 

Second, the forger being particularly 
intent upon the formation of his letters an(l 
their combination would be quite likely to 
overlook the mere circumstance of tbe rela- 
tion of the original signatuie respecting tbe 
base line, and fail to properly follow it. 

These were the principal reasons ore- 

be interesting to readei 

subject and judge for themselves ( 
force of these re 

The Price of Reading. 

Mr. Rideing moralized in a recent Boston 
letter on the fact that pirated novels are now 
offered for sale in drygoods shops for sever 
cents a copy. Shop- worn copies of paper edi- 
tions, originally issued at twenty-five cents, 
are rebound with the imprint of the drygoodt 
dealeron them, and sold to that enterprising 
worthy at fifty dollars a thousand. By sell 
ing them at seven cents he makes a profit of 
twenty dollars. It struck Mr. Rideing that 
this was getting the thing down pretty fine. 
And so it was. but it has been got down a 
good deal finer still ; for in passing a news- 
store in a Connecticut town a week or two 
ago, I .saw a printed sign in tbe window : 
" Complete novel for three cents. Ask for 

the Library," The next thing we 

know popular English novels will be seen 
on the "Take-one" tables in the great 
shops ; and after that we shall probably be 
paid to take them home, But the people 
must have cheap books, even if we have to 
steal them. The American eagle has 
become a bird of prey, with a goatish taste 
for paper and printer's ink.— T^ Crxtk. 

records— was drawn by Mr. John D. Tay- 
lor, recently deceased, who was for many 
years Treasurer of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road Company, It was given lo purchase 
a controlling interest In the Philadelphia 
Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad, the 
Slock being held in Boston. The check was 
drawn on the National Bank of Commerce, 
New York city, to the order of Lee, Higgin- 
son & Co . Boston, and was for the very 
comfortable sum of |14,256,440. Great as 
was this amount— being nearly equal to the 
total award in the Alabama claims— it was 
transferred from Philadelphia through the 
New York banks to Boston without causing 
eveu a ripple in tbe financial sea. Jay 
Gould is also famous for the easy manner in 
which he can sign big checks ; and they are 
good, too ! It is a matter of record how he 
testified to drawing $5,000,000 and |10.000,- 
000 checks for subscription to the American 
Cable Company. Anotherof his big checks 
was the one in payment of President Scott's 
interest in tbe Texas Pacific Railroad. It 
was written on a plain sheet of note paper, 
drawn upon the Fourth National Bank, of 
York city, and amounted to 18,400.- 
Other checks forenormous sums have 
been drawn at different times by members 
of the Vanderbilt family, but the foregoing 
are believed to he the largest ever used in 
any legitimate business transartions.~/fAOT/M 
J&UTiuiL of Banking. 

Ah I -ioi i;\AL 

^^fH of ^hmpai^iii 

The Study of Phonography. 

Fliriueit of tlie Second Class. 

145. In phrases of the second class the 
consonants of two or more words are com- 
bined as in a single word without reference 
to their form when standing alone. 

146. Mr. Munson Id his Phrase Book 
says: "In the second class of phrases all 
of iheelementary priociplesof phonography 
are brought into service to write the collec- 
tion of consonant sounds of phrases, very 
much as the same principles are used in 
writing the consonants of single words. 
That is to say, the shortest method of repre- 
senting them is adopted that is consistent 
with both speed and legibility ; no particu- 
lar attention being paid to derivation, pro- 
vided the outlines are sufficiently ample 
and are phonetically correct." 

147. When contractions are employed 
those consonants only are omitted in phrases 
which are omitted in the contractions. 

148. Write in long hand the words to be 
combined, draw a line through each vowel, 
silent letter, and, if there are contractions, 
through the consonants omitted in the con- 


; the 

nants in Phonography, observing strictly 
the "order of reading." 


149. Two circle words (as, lias, is, Ms) 
are combined in a phrase by writing a large 

150. A circle word is prefixed to a word 
beginning with a circle, or added to a word 
endiug with a circle by enlarging the circle. 

as said f. .it is his.. 

F 151. To. it. and the are added to a circle 
by changing the circle to a small loop. (In 
regard to tfie this is an arbitrary rule, as 
th- has no (sound.) 

It is ta 1. how is it ...what is the..[L 

153. Th«re, their, they are, are added to a 
circle word by changing the circle to a large 

153. To the loops, small and large, small 
circles are added for any circle word. 

154, The phrases composed of loops and 
small circles are pre6xed in their detached 
form to stem words when more c 
than joining in the ordinary way, 

I has bi 

<?\Ji*s thara not.^. 

Mii. m may be added Oimlly by a small 
circle, but as sometimes wben ivritlen thus 
after a verb it will conflict witb anolber 
word. It sbould be used wllb caution Tbe 
stem sign sbould be employed in all doubt- 
ful cases. 

156. A large circle may be rend in several 
ways ; in tbe (Srsl position it is at luu at 
'ii'.M it. hat at, or /uit hit; intbe«b'ird 
i>08mon it at. it hit, hi, Im, or hit it. 

ii^sn^ 'p :p ilv'"6iy"^*^" 





As has 


as much as bis 

as there |s 


because his is 
because it 

Ma bas n. 

t been done 

because there 

where Is their 


l3 to be 
what is the 

afl much as 

has been doue. 

[Contra otioiiB, words out of positions 
nants represented by up strokes are 
Words to be joined enuloaed in pareotheses.] 

{It M said) that we slwuld believe (every 
man) a rascal until {he 7ia« been) proved 
honest. (This is) called a sharp adage {be- 
cause it Jms) a keen edge aTi^. cuts both 
ways, but {is it) a wise adage ? (Does it) f 
convey a truthful sentiment ? (Is it not) 
most unwholesome (in its) application ? {Is 
there not) more wisdom in saying tfiat to 
believe a man a rascal {is the) surest way to 
(make him) one ^ (There w) of ten a very 
narrow dividing line between honor and ras- 
eaHty, (that is to say,) (there w) a point in a 
man's Hie when tTie slightest step delermines 
his entire future. When to (turn fits) face 
(in one) direction (is to) insure a ^ife of use- 
fulness, while (he slightest step in amtlier 
direciion (w /m)ruin. To expect good (is 
to) secure it, ta appeal to the best {tJiat in) 
(in /((wi) (brings it) to the surface, (a# there 
is) good enough in every individual for a 
(standing point.) (It is) safest to treat men 
{as if) (they were) honest {as far as may be) 
until they arc proved to be dishonest. 


[The contractions, brief signs and words out of 
position not marked are an, and. ae, are, but, coiilil 

J, did, for, from, have, has. had. he, him, his, I, 

, of, Hlufulii, that, the, tliem,, were, what, wfirn. 

hicfi, who, whom, with, would; Other contraction?, 
.;o., are italicised; proximity ie indicated by a 
dagger: words to be joined in phrases are enclosed 
in parentheses.] 

Ueporters: Traditional, AotuftI, Ideal. 

Newspaper chiefs like Whitelaw Reid 
and Charles Dudley Warner assure us (that 
the) reporter (is the) coming man in journal- 

(If this) (be true) (it may be) {worth while) 
(to inquire) what sort (of a) person the re- 
porter is. traditionally and actually, what 
obstacles (he has to) f contend with, and 
(what the) f community owes (to him.) 

Traditionally ? A printer's apprentice, 
who gathers news (for an) hour or two 
(each day) and puts it into type without tak 
ing the tmuble tu write it down, and whose 
fingers are n«i;fr free (from the) marks (of 
the) case ; (or else) a seedy Bohemian, loud- 
mouthed and redolent with beer (and the) 
lubacco pipe, who picks up his meals at 
apple stands and depot restaurants, (much 
as) (lie dues) his items ; (a man) whom no 
stretch of imagination could possibly endow 
(with a) wife and children, a home, (or tbe) 
least ambition. For further pa/rticuUiTs (go 
back) (a few years) and read General B. F. 
Rutlers campaign speeches, made (when he 
was) running for governor of MassaehwsetU. 

Actually? (A man) of part*, mualiy with 
home culture (and a) college training (be- 
hind him,) striving (to make his) way (in 
the) most exacting profession of modern 
life, because be) loves it ; generally young. 

ibiit not) infrrf/uenfly the head (of a) house- 
hold ; {nbiiont always) the opposite in (every 
way) of what tradition (makes him.) 

The traditional reporter, however, (is not) 
altogeiJier extinct Consequently many peo- 
plv are puzzled to know how to rate ihe fra- 
ternity, and slow to aeknmcledge (that a) re- 
porter (can be) a gentleman until (he has 
been) (able to) prove himself one. 

A hostleroncesaid (to me :) "(I don't see) 
how (you can) wear such good clothes ; (I 
shouldn't) think (you could) get news 
enough (to pay) (for them.") 

I happened (to be) dressed about (on a) 
par (with the) average dry-goods clerk. (To 
him) (it was a) mystery how (a man) who 
(to his) eyes had " no visible means of sup- 
port," who did no manual labor, and trav- 
eled witfiout selling goods, who strolled 
along the streets (with an) air of indiffer- 
ence, (always ready) (for a) chat with whom- 
soever would lend an ear, (cowW be) respect- 
ably clothed. (At another time,) (when a) 
friend had introduced me (to a) (party of) 
foreign gentlemen, (a man) sitting near re- 
marked: ("He will) put everything you 
(tell him) (into the) paper to-morrow for 
twenty-five cents," 

Although a reporter knows (that he is) a 
perpetual, animated interrogation point 
(there are) times (when he) (would like) (to 
be regarded) as {something more than) a 
mere drag net. (It is possible) (for him) (to 
have) ioterestg, hopes, aspirations, discon- 
nected (with his) journal, but impossible (for 
the) public to credit him with {any such ) 
Once it happened (that a) member (of the) 
guild (had a) " night off," and Mrs. Repor- 
ter persuaded him (to call) with her (on the) 
minister. The servant who opened the door 
deigned not (to ask) them in, but called (to 
the) dominie up-stairs. "That reporter 



Omiing (to that) peculiar f conglomerate 
known as society, (we find) that reporters 
hold (to it) (about the) same relations (as do) 
old maids (to theii-) married relatives. The 
latter (make them) very welcome (to their) 
families (when the) children are down (with 
the) measles or whooping cough, or (when 
they are) willing (to ftelp) along the fall sew- 
ing or spring house-cleaning, but when (nil 
the) domestic affairs run smoothly the old 
maids are rather expected to abide (with 
tbe) rest (of their) relatives. (So it is) (with 
the) reporter. When people want him (at 
all.) they want him badly, but f commonly, 
(he must) (keep his) distance. Tbe (rich 
man) (who has) crawled up the night en- 
trance stairs (to ask) (that his) sudden failure 
(or the) glaring wickedness (of his) son 
(may be) handled tenderly, and (who is) 
willing the reporter (should have) a place (at 
his) daughter's wedding, provii'ed he eats 
his escaloped oysters and boned turkey un- 
obtrusively and (does not) a'-^sun'ie familiari- 
ty (with the) real guests, this man, (as soon 
as) (he has) no immediate use (for the) craft, 
is ready (tosyJCflfc) slightingly of " those cat- 
tle (of the) press." 

(If a) reporter accepts an invitation (to 
an) evening p<irty (or a) picnic (he is) left 
largely (to the) f communion (of his own) 
thoughts. Peo})le regard him (much as) 
(they would) a doctor suspected of having 
recently left a smallpox patient ; (he is) a 
good fellow and (It may) do (to associate) 
(wilh him,) but, then, (it is always) best (to 
keep) (on the safe side, ) No sooner (bas he) 
fairly started a conversation (with some) 
fascinating girl than she breaks it off wilh 
" What (am I) saying ? Pray don't put it 
(in the paper.') The (only wny) (in which) 
a self-respecting reporter {can have his) re- 
venge (is to) treasure up those things and' 
print (them all) (at once,) (1 am) getting 
ready (to do) it myself (some day.) 

(Of course), nobody has any scruples 
against lying (to a) reporter. We heard (at 
the) office, rather late (one evening,) (that 
the) daughter (of a) good, f»-st-famUy dea- 
con was about (to sail) (for Europe) (for 
several years) of study. The man who 
went (to verify) the report /ownrf the family 
abed, and (when he had) rung up the nighl- 
cappcd deacon, and (made his) errand mh- 
derstood, the irate pater familias growled, 
("Don't know anything about it.") and 
down went the window (with a) slam. (As 
soon as the) reporter had sadly turned the 
corner (of the) house, however, a chamber 
window was softly raised (and i\ie){yonug 
lady) heraeM proceeded (to enlighten) him 

(as to thel details of her pilgrimage. (I rr- 
member) being present (at n) churcli council 
called (to dismiss) one minister and install 
another, (when the) query (was made) (why 
the) nominal pastor (had been) allowed (to 
serve) another church, (a thousand) miles 
away, mthout being granted an honorable 
dismissal. The leading deacon said (that 
the matter) (had been) arranged ("to save) 
expense." (Of course) (it had.) (for the) 
society held a legacy on t condition (that 
they) {should not be) {unthout a) pastor (more 
than) six months. What wonder (is it) (that 
"the) newspapers n««r get onyfAiTtjf right." 
(Of course), nobody hesitates about try- 
ing (to bribe) a reporter, {because the) tradi- 
tional reporter (will not) (look at) money a 
(second time)&c/i?re taking it. Consequently 
a (Sunday School teacher) will thrust a dol- 
lar (in your face) and demand (that the) ex- 
cursion (of his) class be " written up in 
better shape than (the other) paper (did it)." 
(and a) traveling clergyman will blandly de- 
posit a $5 bill (on your desk) (with the) 
remark : ' ' 2fow (do what you can) (for my) 
lecture." (One of) my last offers (of this 
kind) was (from a) drummer who wanted 
(to see) a more glowing obituary (of his) 
brotficr-in-law than had yet been published. 
The fee was tendered (for my) " trouble" 
in (going about) town (to look) up the char- 
acter (of the) deceased. The second obitu- 
ary, however, (has never) appeared. 

Unhappy (is tbe) lot (of a) (daily news- 
paper) chief (who has n^rerbeen) a reporter. 
The service (calls for) officers (that have) 
come up (from the) ranks. Otherwise (they 
will) fail (to gauge) accurately the relations 
(of men) and events (to each other,) and 
will become a prey (to circumstances.) (I 
have known) the publisher (of an) influential 
journal (to instruct) a reporter (to take out 
his) note book and pencil (as a) preliminary 
step whenever (he sbould be) sent (to inter- 
view) a person. (As well) tell a detective 
(to wear his) badge (on his) breast, (or a) 
patrolman to walk the street (with a) 
cocked revolver (in his) right hand. (Many 
people) (would be) more afraid (of a) repor- 
ter who should suddenly "draw " a note- 
book (on them,) than (they would) of either 
policeman or detective. (Of course), the 
note-book (must be used) for p^«W!'<: speeches 
and deliberations, and, also like the revol- 
ver, in dire emergencies, (but the) reporter 
who cannot remember a column (and a) half 
of ordinary f conversation until (he has 
time) (to turn) it into intelligible "copy," 
should seek bread and fame (in some) new 

(It is) well (for the) editor (to take) the re- 
porter's place occasionally and press (his 
own) finger (on the) popular pulse, without 
waiting (to catch) its vibrations second- 
hand. (It is) also tedl, sometimes (to en- 
courage) the reporter to f comment — (in 
the) editorial column (of course) — on (what 
he) alone (of all the) staff (has seen,) (for he 
may have) caught a certain flavor (of the) 
occasion that (no other) can describe. Per- 
haps the pith (of the) (whole matter) lies 
(in what he) alone can write. 

The ideal reporter must know cverylAiJig 
and everybody ; must forget nothing, and 
be all things (to all) men ; (must be) brilliant 
in thought and quick in motion ; must 
nevei- blunder, and always receive abuse 
(with a) smile ; must {never be) sick or 
tired, and must fill an early grave. Who 
bids (for the) place ? 

Henry W. Blake. i« "The Writer." 

[This exercise will he sent, written in Phono- 
graphy tc any Bubecrlher wtio sends addressed and 
stamped envelope to Mrs. L. H. Packard, JOl E. 

The Graphophone, 

This much talked of instrument should 
have beeu delivered to subscribers on the 
first of October. The members of the Busi- 
ness Educators' Association of America 
were promised the first service, and some 
of them who made haste to get their names 
on Goodwin's preferred list at Milwaukee 
last summer are talking in their dreams 
about it. They sincerely hope it is not "all 

Tbe question which came before the As- 
sociation, through its committee, was as to 
the utility of this device. A somewhat 
labored report was presented which covered 
the case fairiy well. It was observed, how- 
ever, that the Chairman of the Ccnimiiiee 


porter's and not the amaauensU's stand- 
point, lu fact the almost unanimous con- 
clusion of the committee was that the 
Graphophone, far from being in any sense 
)i competitor with shorthand for amanueosis 
work would remain like its predecessor and 
father, the phonograph, greatly an object 
of curiosity, except as a help to the ver- 
batim reporter who writes a hand that no- 
body but himself can read, and who. by 
being his own translator through the phon- 
ograph, can set the busy -fingered type- 
Professor Kimball, of Packard's, seems 
to have caught on to this central idea in 
the following sensible communication whicli 
we copy from the Phonographic World: 

" RegardiDg the praotk^e of reportera In the 
matter of transorlbinE notes. I would say : So far 
aa I am eonoerned I am happ7 in the possession of 
ft pbonoprraphio peiimanshlp which is easily read 
hy any Munson writer, and I am personally ae- 
ijuainted with many reporters who «re In tho 
same happy oondiUon, Mr. Munson, the author 
of our system, has for years been able to hand his 
notes to amanuenses and wllU the exception of a 
little matter of editing he is froe from the drud- 
gery of transcribing. Mr. Edwin N. Robbing, of 
Part III-. Superior Court, this city, writes a hand 
that would do credit to many of the so-called en- 
graved pages of many phonographic ' works'." The 
old days (be they never so 'good') are past and 
gone, when a first-class reporter wrote such 
wretched stuff as to require his memory and liter- 
ary stylo to be harnessed to his rendering of his 
notes. Your ' esteemed correspondent ' wishes to 
know ■ how long It takes to read the notes of a 
good reporter." To my knowledge I have seen a 
perfect stranger take up page after page of Rob- 
bins' notes, and in, 1 judge, some three and a half 
minutes, he was away from the starting post and 
going ut a canter without a break. If it was a 
matter of less expense the Graphophone would be 
the best friend of the reporter in transcribing. 
The note-talier could dictate his notes at as rapid 
a rate as be ooutd possibly read them into the ' ear' 
of our friend the Graph. , and when tiie cylinder 
was full, pass It to his ty pe-wri teres s. who, with a 
companion Qraph. at her ears, could adjust ibe 
speed of the maclilue to her typewriting speed, 
and calmly ' write from dictation ' both dejun and 
ilf facta. With three of these 'wonders of the 
age 'at his command any reporter oould keep up 
with the procession and get there before the band. 
If I give the Munson system the enconium of pos- 
sessing perfect legibility when rapidly written, li 
Is because I am most acquainted with the kicking 
(|unllty of my own donkey, but I know and 
thoroughly believe the same can be done as well 
by any of the reputable adaptations of Isaac Pit 
man. It is a simple proposition— given a curtain 
thing to WTite. the Intermediate terms being good 
materials and a knowledge of and the ability to do 
It. the result invst be perfect legibility to every 
one having the same amount of knowledge in the 

The Pitman Semi-Centennial. 

The London Times of September 29th 
contains an elaborate account of one of the 
principal meetings held in connection with 
the recent Tercentenary of Phonography, of 
which the fiftieth anniversary of Pitman 
Phonography was a not unimportant part. 
The proceedings of the meeting are very 
interesting, and we only regret that we have 
not the space to particularize. The chair- 
man was Dr. J. H. Gladstone, and among 
the speakers were Mr. Isaac Pitman, Mr. 
Uundell, Mr. Guruey Salter. Mr. T. A, 
Reed, Mr. A. J. Cook, Mr. Maxton, Mr. E. 
S. Gunn, and others. The speeches elicit- 
ing most interest were from Mr. Pitman 
and the chairman. One of the pleasanlest 
iuciilents of the occasion was the presenta- 
tion of a bust of the great author to his 
family, which was gracefully received by 
Mr. Ernest Pitman on behalf of the donees. 
Mr. Isaac Pitman's paper on ■: The Spelling' 
Reform, and How to Get It." elicited a 
very animated discussion, and evolved some 
of the ditficulties which the spcllin;; re- 
formers have had to contend with during 
the past forty years. The astonishing ihing 
about the whole matter is that in spite of 
thelittle progress that has been made during 
these years so much hopefulness wa-. ex- 
pressetl by the advocates of the spelling 
reform. Mr. Pitman's statistics wete ex- 
ceedingly interesting, covering a period of 
over a thousand years of effort if not of 
progress in spelling reform, and (he logic of 
his remarks was unassailable. At the same 
time it must be recognized that the literary 
world is very callous to all these humane 
efforts of disinterested men, and so long as 
Civil Service examiners and the authorities 
of literary institutions make it outlawrj- for 

a person to spell phonetically and not em- 
pirically, the spelling reformers will con- 
tinue to kick against the pricks. However, 
one cannot but view with admiration the 
persistent and unwavering efforts which 
have marked Mr. Pitman's remarkable 
career of fifty years of struggle for all that 
is good in education and in life. 

There has been some feeling expressed on 
this side of the water that the tercentenary 
celebration was being captured by the Pit- 
man shortbandersof England as an apothe- 
OS's to the great author whom they follow 
and extol. But we have always felt that 
such objections were puerile and unworthy. 
If there is a man living to-day to whom the 
world owes a great debt of gratitude which 
is not likelyito he repaid, foi services beyond 
the ordinary standard of human excellence, 
that man is Isaac Pitman ; and no man to 
whom such honors might come could accept 
Ihem with more humility, and with a juster 
sense of their exact meaning and impor- 
tance. It certainly illy becomes the short- 
hand writers of this country who have fat- 
tened and grown rich on Isaac Putnam's 
brainwork to withhold the slightest mead 
of praise from the indefatigable and pure- 
hearted man who is the universally recog- 
nized author of Phonography, and who 
stands to-day at the head as a teacher and 
exponent. Mr. Pitman is verging on sev- 
enty five years of age. His whole life has 
been given unreservedly to the propagation 
of shorthand and the spelling reform. Dur- 

i.s styUd). li is written in a clear, direct 
fashion, and is the outcome of years of 
experience in teaching. The system advo- 
cated is Pitmans' (both Isaac and Beun), 
with modifications. The "corresponding 
style " and many of the word signs are dis- 
carded. In fact, the modifications bring it 
so near the system advocated in thin depart- 
ment that it is almost as logical and easily 
learned as Munsou's. 

Another self-instructor comes to us from 
London. The author is John Barter, F. S. 
Sc. The system is called Barter's A. B. 
C. Shorthand. The Pitmanic signs are 
used, though their application is entirely 
new, and, the aut'ior claims, superior to 
Pitman. There are twenty-six exercises, 
each expected to be written in one minute 
hy the learners. The book is*a pamphlet of 
forty eight pages, the last eight pages being 
a key to the more advanced 

It would be well for all who \ 


transcript of the " Exercise for Practice'* 
to send their requests soon after the issue 
of The Jouunai, which contains them. 
Some of these requests are sent in several 
weeks late, when it is not always possible 
to supply the demand. 

Mr. E, N. Miner, of 77« Plionographic 
World, has issued a tiny book containing 
the Lord's Prayer in one hundred and one 
different systems of shorthand, dating from 
Itioil to 1886. 

ing this whole period he has kept steadily at 
his work from morning till night, six days 
in the week, with scarcely time for any sort 
of recreation. He has accomplished this 
great feat by the strictest observance of the 
laws of health as applied both to the body 
and to the mind. He has taken both his labor 
and bis recreation in the advancement of 
his great life work. It has afforded him 
both work and play ; and he stands today 
in the very midst of his daily toil a monu- 
ment of persistence, endurance and hope- 
fulness. It has been our pleasure, during 
the past year, to correspond at some length 
with this remarkable man, and in the midst 
of bis engrossing labor he has shown a 
courtesy and a fidelity to the amenities of 
life worthy of all imitation. His letters are 
models of clear thinking, forcible expres- 
sion and gentlemanly feeling. He is as full 
of hope and aspiration as though he had 
just begxm his career, and the plans which 
he has laid out for the future seem to be 
regardless of the fact ihat he is approaching 
that period of life when his personal ef- 

Ilis example is one to be followed, and 
one which cannot be loo strongly com- 
mended to all educationists. Long life to 

Phonographic Notes. 

We have recently received a copy of 
"Shorthand Made Easy" by Mrs, L. E 
Bullard Barnes. The book is designed as a 
(a compute sclf-instnictor it 

A Useful Device. 

The type-writing fraternity are frequently 
subjected to a great deal of annoyance by 
inquisitive people who watch their work as 
it is being performed. Mr. Johnson, tha 
young type-writer who has been located at 
the Fifth Avenue Hotel for some time, re- 
cently experimented with a sheet of brown 
paper, which he tied on the front bar of the 
machine and passed over his work to pre- 
vent these inquisitive people from seeing 
what he is doing. He used strings to at- 
tach the paper, and found that it served its 
purpose so well that he has made a smalt 
steel clamp, and intends to apply for a 
patent on the invention, and to make the 
cover a sheet of light leather or some simi- 
lar flexible and durable material. Almost 
any type-writer can make himself a tem- 
porary cover.— iV^. T. Triune. 

Primeval A 

While Europe has produced some re- 
markable giants, America leads in this 
respect, and in the early days was peopled 
by races so astonishing that all the dragons 
and fanciful monsters which the vivid im- 
aginations of the writers of old have pict- 
ured fail to compare with the actual reality. 
In fact, if it were desired to-day to produce 
a book of wonders and marvels, describing 
the dragons and other terrifying creatures, 
it would be only necessary for the historian 

to refer to the geological discoveries of the 
last thirty years, and represent the animals 
as they were. What was the dragon of St. 
George to certain huge bat-forms, or the 
unicorn to the loxolophodon with its many 
horns ? The roc of the Arabian Nights was 
not more wonderful than some of the fossil 
birds, and even the great cuttles, the Poul- 
pes of the grave Bishop Poutoppidan. seem 
almost equalled by the giant squids of to- 
day, some of which are fifty and sixty feet 
in length. In short, the imagination of man 
cannot picture wonders to compare with 
the actual creatures which have lived upon 
the globe. 

In the geological hall of the Museum of 
Natural History, Central Park, there is 
upon one of the shelves an object about five 
feet and a half in length, extremely bulky, 
and weighing so many pounds that two 
men find it all they desire to carry. It is of 
a brown hue, and might be taken for the 
trunk of a fossil tree or part of a huge 
branch. At its sitie lies a small white bone 
four or five inches long, with a label to the 
effect that it is the corresponding hone of a 
living crocodile, In fact, the great brown 
mass, as bulky as a large man stretched at 
full length, is the thigh or hip bone of an 
American giant, which in former years 
roamed the great cretaceous sea of the west. 
The largest crocodile of to-day is about 
twenty feet in length, and its thigh bone 
four or five inches. If the thigh bone of 
the AtlautosauruB. of which this is a part, 
he six feet long— and Professor Marsh has 
discovered one eight feet in length — how 
long must its possessor have been ? This is 
an example in proportion, which will ad- 
mit of widely different answers perhaps ; 
but while my readers are guessing I will 
say that geologists believe these giants to 
have attained a length of from eighty to 
one hundred and twenty feet. While they 
have been likened to crocodiles, they differ 
entirely from them in appearance, having 
long legs, an attenuated tail and neck and a 
small head ; giants of wonderful structure, 
living in the shallow waters of the great 
seas of the time, floating perhaps, or an- 
chored by their prodigious feet and tail. 

These colossal saurians were a common 
feature of the life in the Jurassic days, 
when a vast sea covered Kansas and most 
of the Western States.— (7. F. Holder in 
November Wide Awake. 

Scientific Poetry. 

The natural rate of respiration is from 
sixteen to twenty-four breaths per minute, 
the average being twenty ; and Dr. Oliver 
Wendell Holmes has explained the popu- 
larity of the octosyllabic verse by the fact 
that it follows the natural rhythm of respira- 
tion more exactly than Jiny other. Experi- 
ments with the poetry of Scott, Longfel- 
low, and Tennyson, show that an average 
of twenty lines will be read in a minute, so 
that one respiration will sufllce for each 
line. The articulation is so easy, in fact, 
that it is liable to run into a sing-song. The 
twelve syllable line, on the other hand— as 
in Drayton's " Polyolbiou "-is pronounced 
almost intolerable on account of its un- 
physiological construction. From this it 
follows that, while the poets disregard 
science in many ways with impunity, 
nothing in poetry or in vocal music is like- 
ly to win favor that is not calculated with 
strict reference lo the respiratory functions. 

The Oldest Bank Note. 

The oldest bank note probably in exist- 
ence in Europe is one preserved in the 
Asiatic Museum at St. Petersburg. It dates 
from the year 1399 B. C, and was issued 
by the Chinese government. It can be 
proved hy Chinese chroniclers that, us early 
as 2607 B. C, bank notes were current in 
China under the name of " flying money." 
The bank note preserved at St. Petersburg 
hears the name of the imperial bank, dale 
and number of issue, signature of a Man- 
darin, and contains even a list of the pun- 
ishments inflicted for forgery of notes. This 
relic of four thousand years ago is probably 
written, for printing from wooden tablets 
is said to have been introduced in Chinu 
only in the year 190.~Chrtiitian at Work. 



The Editor's Leisure Ho 

close. We be- 
lieve tbnt all 
t h e promises 
inndc at tbc be- 
gioniDg of the 
have been 
to t he eptir e 
* satisfaction of 
our numerous 
iind.far-reacbing constituency. 

The Penman's Art Jour 
at the highest attainments i 
empliflea and illustrates. It has employed 
the best talent obtainable and the i 
that have stood sponsor for its varied 
monthly output are the best known i 
in the profession. | 

Will DOl every friend of The Jodhnai.— ' 
every present reader — exert himself or her- 
self to seud at least a small club of sub- 
scribers during this month ? That is the 
real, genuine way to show appreciation, and ; 
it involves no outlay of money and scarcely 
any of time. 

Mosfjuitoes sting. This we know 

from personal experience. ' ' What are 

they good for?" a friend petulantly 

groaned after he had fought them for 

an hour, in vain attempts to enjoy the 

I refreshing breeze on the evening of 

i a hot day. Good for! Let us see. 

No animal is more beautiful. The little 

rascal is a wonder. Gel a microscope, 

put him under it, adjust the lenses, putyour 

eye to the eye-piece and look I Let your 

pupils look. Now read what a scientist 

"The tiny, dirl-colored speck has van- 
ished, and in its place appears the most 
radiant and gorgeous creature which the 
mind can conceive of. The wings 
pale amber, the legs and thorax magenta. 

although single stones have occasionally 
been picked up in Virginia and North 
Carolina. Mexico furnishes many gems, 
particularly opals; but North America, 
while rich in gold and silver, appears to be 
poor in precious stones. North Carolina 
has furnished some interesting stones, par- 
ticularly the hiddenite, a grass green gem, 
allied in chemical character to the topaz, 
but of a color previously unknown. It 
occurs in Alexander county, in the foot- 
hills east of the Blue Ridge, and was named 
for its discoverer, William Earl Hidden. 
In McDowell county, where there are gold 
mines, are also found in great variety, stones 
of more or less value. The mining is car- 
ried on chiefly for gold by the hydraulic 
sluicing system, in which the mountain 
streams are employed to wash down the 
hillsides. The earth is sluiced out for gold. 

It is said of Themistocles, that he could , 
call by their names the people of Athens, 
which city then numbered twenty thousand ' 

George III., of England, though deficient 
in education, never forgot a name 
heard or a face once seen. 

A school teacher of London, whose r 
was Dawson, possessed a remarkable 
memory. He could repeat the book of Job 
and the Psalms, and on a wager of two hun- 
dred pounds, he repeated, without the aid 
of a book, Spencer's "Faerie Queen," a 
poem of nearly four thousand stanzas of 


Parsons, the Greek scholar, could repeat 
Milton's " Paradise Lost " backwards. 

A monk who resided in Moscow in the 
tifteenth century, could repeat the whole of 
the New Testament. 

Houdin was once invited, with his son, to 
a gentleman's house, to give a private 
seance, and as they went upstairs they 
passed the library door, which was partially 
open. In that single moment young Charles 
Houdin read off the names of twelve 
volumes and recognized the position of two 

Boone, the blind negro pianist, who has 
given performances through several States, 
has a most wonderful memory in connection 
with his art, From once bearing it, he was 
able to play Lizst's celebrated "Hungarian 
Uhapsody" without missing a note. Blind 
Tom also performed similar feats. 

Mozart, when only thirteen years old. 
played a new opera from one hearing, which 
had been composed expressly to test his 
skill, A writer, referring to this incident, 
says : " He not only reproduced the opera 
from memory— which was a very diflicult 
piece — without missing a single note ; but 
on a second playing, threw in variations in 
such a manner that all who heord him were 
speechless with astonishment." 

McKenzie tells us a most interesting story 
about Carolan. a blind Irish harper and 
composer, who once challenged a famous 
Italian violinist to a trial of skill. The 
Italian played the fifth concerto of Vivaldi 
on his violin : then, to the astonishment of 
all present, Carolan, who had never before 
heard the concerto, took his harp and played 
it through from beginning to end without 
missing a single note. 

The most curious book in the world is 
one that is neither written nor printed. 
Rvery letter of the text is cut into the leaf, 
and as the alternate leavesare of bluepaperl 
it is as easily read as the best print. The 
labor required and the patience necessary to 
cut each letter may be imagined. The work 
is so perfect that it seems as though done by 
machinery, but every character was made 
by hand. The book is entitled "The 
Pa<wiQn of Christ," and is now 
in France. 

. '^-Z PrfirladElphraj,.-?-'^-- 

.rtlBtIo l>en-\Vork— Title Page of BngroBsetl Allxiiu 
Pen-and-ink Copy Executed In the Office of the 

the body dark green, the eyes purplish 
black and glittering like diamonds, the pro- 
boscis shining like ebony. Compared with 
this pomp and ma^ificence of decoration 
the brightest and most vivid of the painter's 
pigments are muddy." 

After this who will despise this persistent 
pest '{ Who will dare to say that there is 
not more educational culture and interest to 
be got out of one mosi^uito than from lifty 
examples in circulating decimals, or the 
diagramming and parsing of a hundred 
tough sentences from Milton's Paradise 

Noitli Ciii-oIIua's Wealtti In Pieoious 
Minerals and Metali). 

Despite the talk about diamond-fields in 
Kentucky, but few gems of any sort have 
been found in the limits of the United 
Stales. The most celebrated diamond-beds 
are in India, Brazil and South Africa, 

and all the stones which remain in the 
sluices are carefully examined A corits- 
pondent from the mines states that valu 
able rough specimens are often found tmd 
as much as the value of $4.00U in opals 
topazes and other fine stones have been 
found in one day, and on one occasion a 
diamond worth $1,000 was tiken out 
There are other localities in that legion 
that are without doubt equally iich 

Moat smokers are proud to own a real 
amber mouthpiece. What would they say 
to a room 75 or 100 feet square, lined on all 
sides with amber clear to the lofty ceiling ¥ 
That is what we saw at Tsarskoe Selo. an 
imperial summer palace near St. Petersburg, 
The precious fossil-gum was cut and dove- 
tailed so as to make beautiful figures of 
cupids, fruit.s and flowers. The whole is 
in the highest state of poUsU. It reflects 

the light not only from its s'Urface, but 
from its depths, and is lovely to look upon 
even if one did nut think of the treasure 
expended in procuring all that rare product 
of nature. We made a weary round of a 
hundred rooms, all gilded and upholstered 
magnificently, and full of art objects from 
every part of the globe, but saw nothing 
that spoke so eloquently of boundless 
wealth and luxury as that amber-lined 
ceiling. — J^oin a I'rateUr'a Notes. 

Koyalty'B Years. 
Pope Leo XIII. is seventy-six. 
Queen Victoria is sixty-seven, 
Milan, King of Servia, is thirtytwo. 
Louis, King of Portugal, is forty-eight. 
Humbert, King of Italy, ia forty -two. 
The Emperor of Germany is eighty-nine. 
Abdul Hamid, the Sultan, is forty-four. 
George, King of the Greeks, is forty-one. 
Charles, King of Roumania, is forty 

Pedro II. , Emperor of Brazil, ia sixty-one. 
Leopold. King of the Belgians, is fifty- 
Charles III.. Prince of Monaco, is sixty- 
The King of Spain is a few months old. 
Alexander IH.. Emperor of Russia, is 

William III, , King of the Netherlands, is 

Francis Joseph, Emperor of Austria, is 

Oh Gush! Oh Sw 
OhM Oh!!! 

Our Dyspeptic Correspondent Still on Deck. 

When will this ceaseless tide of hifaluting 
twaddle come to an end, and the conduc- 
tors and correspondents of penman's papers 
learn to express what few ideas they have 
in plain English t It is a sickening thing 
to take up these monthly fulminations of 
enervated trash and attempt to get any- 
thing out of them. They seem to be labor- 
ing under a sortof chronic diarrhma, which 
is not only weakening to the writers but 
death-dealing to readers. Columns and 
pages of words, words, words, with scarcely 
a glimmer of thought ! Honeyed words 
they may be, but their very sweetness is 
sickening, as it is spread over their own 
egotism and made to exalt the same folly in 
others. A coterie of crack-brained dudes 
in literature they are, who ape ' ' Bill Nye " 
and imagine that they are cutting a respect- 
able figure in letters, when the fact is that 
all sensible people who pay any attention to 
them are laughing at them in their sleeves. 
When the disease first broke out, more than 
a year ago, it was looked upon as a sort of 
fleeting folly that would cure itself ; but it 
seems to find something to feed on, and 
staggers along on shaky pins, vainly look- 
ing for an undertaker. 

Gentlemen of the Quill ! Teachers ! Edu- 
cators ! Decent lovers of decent literature ! 
Strangle the nondescript and bury it for- 
ever under the mountains of your indigna- 
tion. One Who Suffers. 

New Stock of *'T" Squares. 

The many people who have recently made 
inquiries about the Day Spacing or Shading 
'"T" Square, will be glad to learn that a 
large number of new ones have just been 
manufactured to our order, and are ready 
for delivery. No one who aspires to do 
ornamental pen work can afford to be with- 
out this instrument, which, for ruling, 
shading, spacing, etc.. is without an equal. 
Circulars sent upon application. 


To the Reader. 

We invite your parnest attention to the 
present number of The JorRNAL. It is 
our belief that during tbe ten years of its 
existence improvcmc-nt has been constant 
from month to month. Certainly no pains 
or expense have been spared to make it tlie 
model penman's paper. The experience of 
its editors, the facilities that they enjoy in 
being in the metropolis of the nation, in 
having at their-command one of the largest 
and best-equipped estabtishinenis for the 
execution of fine pen-work, as well as edi- 
tors who have had long years of experience 
as authors and teachers of practical writing, 
furnish advantages which are not to be 
equalled elsewhere in the land. 

We have yet to know of any person in- 
terested in penmanship, either as a teacher, 
learner or admirer, who has felt that his 
dollar's investment in a year's subscription 
to The Journal has not been a good one. 
We feel sure that teachers cannot spend a 
dollar to better advantage than in subscrib- 
ing for The Jouhnax, nor can Ihey do 
their pupils a greater service than to induce 
them to do so. Now is tbe season when 
schools are at their fullest and when a littlp 
effort and a word of encouragement from a 
teacher may readily induce large clubs of 
subscribers. To those who are willing tu 
aid in this direction, we will, on application, 
forward clrcilars giving special rates for 
clubs, also specimen copies of The Journai, 
to be used as samples. 

Primer Lesson in Rhythmical 

ith his stick • 

What is 

He is teaching 

Does he make a noise ? Oh. yes, a great 
noise to prevent pupils from whispering. 

What are tbe pupils doing? They are 
listening to him make a noise. 

Why does he not write for them ? For a 
a very good reason. 

Is this a good way to teach wriiingV 
This is writing. 

The above is furnished as a pleasant lake 
off on such teachers as Pierson, of Burling- 
ton, and Duryea, of Des Moines, who believe 
in employing music to aid in teaching 
writing, but prefer making their own music 
by striking a chalk-box with a chair-roung. 

Valuable Specimens. 

In the present issue appear three of the 
long series of specimens which are lo appear 
continuously In The Journal, until all tbe 
representative penmen of the United States 
and Caor.da, who will furnish specimens, 
have been represented. These specimens 
are written upon tbe movement as indi- 
cated in each respectively, and are practical 
examples of writing photo-engraved directly 
from the pen-and-ink manuscript of the 
subscriber. In this series no specimen will 
be permitted to appear that is not so written 
and engraved. We believe this will be one 
of the most interesting and valuable ex- 
hibits of American penmanship that has 
ever been placed. before the public, and will 
alone be worth to every subscriber of The 
Journal many times the cost of a year's 
subscription. Already we have a large 
numlier of specimens in hand, and others 
promised, sufficient to insure the entire suc- 
cess of the plan. 

All copy designed to appear should be 
written on smooth hard paper, on a scale 
twice the size of the desired plate, on lines 
the length of which should be twice the 
width of two or three columns of The 
Journal, in order that when reduced it will 
make either a two or three column cut. 
The writing should be with jet-black ink 
(India ink is the bestl, and a pen not finer 
than Spencerian No. 1. It may be under- 
dcrstood that any line, however fine, that is 
solid and black will pholo-engrave. Broken 
or disconnected lines have a bad effect when 
engraved. The specimen may be either pro- 
fessional writing, copy writing, or business 
writing. It may he accompanied with an 
ornamental design for heading, either let- 
tered or flourished to suit the taste of tbe 

coupled with ignominious howling that is 
truly ap;mllingnnd lamentable? 

Our best reprcseDtatives are capable of 
producing that which the dreams of but a 
few years since did not contain. We are 
but keeping pace with the mighty evolutions 
of other arts and sciences, and any surprise 
at the ^atcst and most wonderful achieve- 

and supersti- 

Specialists must eventually lead the van. 
The generalisi may claim part of the honors, 
yet he must be content with his lawful por 
ifringe upon the pos- 

nature which attract 
and if the^ be outside the pale of 
our jurisdictmn should be accepted with 
candor and satis-faction ; if in our own line 
of thought and action and beyond our com- 
pass accept them as an elevating power 
which alone brings purpose and prospect 
for increased effort. 

J^trirkfrt bg moat mittve surmttr, at 
t _ __ |[j^ etubben nnb aff Itdittg anrunmcrmmt 

iJI tljf imtlj 01 isixc tntintnt ani Ijonuri^ft collrBigttf', 

tnmVlj Una juet bten ntatip, thte iSaztrh teeU tljat 

taljile tt {& y0txi^TieB0 iaiptvpAxxzde in ttn enbxivttm 

oni heBtttiirt^Txtaxvnerthernemxyvp aZ 


M behm:f oiE mmm educajio^n, 

^cttt BnntilA rn&ixme tradt rnieaViar tatmm- 
tf r,st ite xexo^ititm off hia 

•H^tmijlj it Uf mtl^ bg iht tranatentrrctnri ctthrst 
ijwxAtie taarAjff,- tnerelcrrr, text 

To look upon the results of the ablest of 
ihe profession from the standpoint of ver- 
dancy one might easily conclude that the 
theory of genius is without painstaking 
labor. To the more knowing and practical 
results are not the production of heaven- 
born genius, but of genius and ability 
moulded and strengthened by intense indus- 
try and study. 

Is it now high lime for ibreadbare ideas 
to have passed into the realm of forgetful- 

be 1 


plausible reason for superiority in any- 
thing ? Toil, application, determination, 
pluck, sticktutiveness and painstakingstudy 
are elements of success and are indicative 
of results in proportion to a proper and 
well defined code of unwritten laws. Why 
then should there he so much surprise 

Educational Notes. 

Columbia College has graduated about 
D.OOO men. 

The Persian language is taught at Cornell 

Prof. John Avery, late professor of Greek 
in Bowdoin College, was master of fifteen 

There are 215 Catholic schools in New 
South Wales, with 25,000 scholars. 

During the six months Harvard has 
received about $1,000,000 in endowments. 

It is said that ninety-eight of every one 
hundred persons in Sweden can read and 

A Yale diploma, 132 years old, was re- 
cently picked up at an auction sale in New 
York. It belonged to Rev. Elam O. Potter, 
who was graduated in 1 7H5, under President 

Since 1870 tbe enrolled school population 
of the South has JDcrcascd three hundred 
per cent. 

Italian astronomers place tbe age of the 
world at 80,000,000 years, and-are-agreed- 
that it has-been peopled for about 50,000,000. 

Denver, Col , is to have a college for 
young women. The Ladies' College Society, 
which has the matter in charge, hopes to 
raise $750,000 in real estate ai d cash. 

A gift of 120,000 has been received by 
the University of Australia for the founding 
of a chair of music. 

He sure you wriic and go ahead. 

From the records of recent college gradu- 
nles it is believed tbe letters B. A, indicate 
Boss Athlete. 

Cleveland schoolma'am— " How do they 
find the measurcmeut of a ship ?" 

Smart youth— "By means of the navy 

A little girl, when asked to write the 
plural of '■ forgft-nie-not."' wrote "forget- 

" What is that?" said a teacher to an in- 
fant pupil, pointing to a period. 

" That's the top of an i," said the child. 

Chewing-gum, it is said now, is an anti- 
dole for sea sickness. One of the strongest 
proofs of its efficacy is the fact that not one 
of the girls in Vassar College was sea-sick 
once during the last term. 

One of the teachers in the school at 
Hampton, Va., recently asked one of the 
Indian pupils what lbs. stood for. 

" Elbows, I guess," was the unexpected 

Teacher— "Johnny, you must always be 
kind to animals." 

Pupil— "I wish vou'd tell pu th»it." 

Teacher-" Why, Johnny ?" 

Pupil — ■' I'm nn animal, ain't I '!" 

Teacher—" Of cour-^e you are." 

Pupil—" Well, pa licki d me this morn- 

A teacher was endeavoring to find out the 
proficiency of her liltle friends in mental 
arithmetic, and took the following method 
of ascertaining what she desired lo know : 

"Now, children." she said, " suppose I 
have two squash pies, and divide one of 
tbem into ten pieces and the other into one 
hundred pieces, which would you rather 
have— a piece of the pie that was divided 

There was an absolute hush for a moment, 
and then a little girl answered, timidly ; 

"One of the hundred pieces !" 


" Well, please, mn'am. 1 don't like squash 
pic " 

Just for Fur 

"You've got the drop on me," as tbe 
paper said to the ink-blot. — Charlestown En- 

A nice, cheap country seat — a stump.— 
Texas Stfiinga. 

A Burlington girl is learning to play the 
cornet, and her admirers speak of her as 
"the fairest flower that blows." — Burling- 
Um Free Press. 

A correspondent writes lo ask what age 
has done the most for journalism. You 
can't stick us on that, friend. The mucilage, 
by long odds. — Tankers Statesman. 

"Johnny, ""said Uie minister, rather se- 
verely, " do you chew tobacco t' 

"Yes. sir," was the reply, "but I'm 
clean out just now ; Jimmy Brown's got 
some, though." — Washington Critic. 

Old lady (at the Jersey City news stand 
of the Pennsylvania road) — " Have you tbe 
Century, boy ?" 

Boy (very busy) — "Yes'm. Chewin' to- 

"It means tbe other fellow," replied his 
pa. who is a politician. 

Helen M. Coke writes that " Kisses on 
her brow are the richest diadem a woman's 
soul aspires to." And yet the fellow who 
kisses a young lady on her brow while her 
rosy lips ore making motions like a patent 
clothes-wringer is not the man for the po- 
sition — Texas Sif tings. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes used to be an 
amateur photographer. W ben he presi ntert 
a picture to a friend, he wrote on the back 
of it: "Taken by O. W. Holmes and 
Sun." — Detroit Free Press. 

Tommy's mother has had a terrible time 
teaching him to remember always lo say 
" if you please "at the table. His memory 

Till- mUht (lay iliis dialogue took place at 

Ti.imin ■■ M:nnma, pass me the butter." 
Minium— ■ If wbiit. Tommy?" 
Tommy— "If you kin reach it." 


PENMAN'S Art Journal 




' YORK, NO^^MBEK, 1887. 

Th«, Journal's General Agent for Canada 'U A . J. 
Small, whote htadquarUrs are 13 Grand Opera 
Haute, Toronto. Elliott Fraser. Secretary " Circle de 
la SaUe,'- Quebec, {P. 0. Box IM), it gpecial agmC/or 
that city and vicinity. Tht International New Co., 
11 BoutieHe Street (Fleet Street), London, are Its 

for November, 

Bin Nye Takes a Hand 149-50 

Hurrah for Cedar Raplda 150 

C. S. t'hopnian. 
A Celebrated Case lW-1 

The First Greenback Paper .. , . i 

Writing that CouuLs I 

Dbpaktmekt of PnoKoonAPuv . ..isa 

Mrs L. H. Packard. 

Phrases of the Secoud rluss; Iteailint; and 

WrltlnE Kxrr.'iscs ; Tli.' Craphopfione ; 

eutifiu P<jilr\ ] 

E Editok"b Leitrr llDllIt. ] 

Promises and Peifuiiuaiipe; Marvellous 

North Ciirollna's Wealth . in 
Minerals and Metals ; A Poem Ir 
Royalty'a Yeai-s 

Oh, Oiisli 1 Oh, Swa^h .. . 

The New Stock of "T" Stiuares. .. 

Primer Uss.iuYu RhyUimicalWrltliie^ 

Je-rfj 0-Mehun. 
Valualile Speelinens , . , 

Results - 

Educational N>m k- 

• ■ ■ I 1" ■. I il Wrapper ■,^ . . ■ . ■ ' -■ !■', nWrltlllg... 

Instruction ill Pen-Work—No. 3 

n. W. Kibhe. 
Lessons on Movement Exercises 

E. tC. Iimaci. 
Adyzbtisbmbnts . .. 

Portrait of E. L. Burnett 

Fao-Slmlle Note and Signatures of James l.i 
with Portraits 

Autograph Letter of E, L. Burnett 

pbonoirraphlc Script 

aird Flourish— C. C. Maring . . . 

ijpecimen Paices of Engrossed Album. . , . 

Tcauhtng Ithytlimlcal Wrltlnc 

Flourished bpeoinien— J. B. Duryea 

Tub Journals Adtoorapu Albdh— Speutni 
by FieldluK Soofield. D. H. Farley. D 
Ames. C. M . Robinson 

Itusifloss Script— H, W. Klbba 

Movement BjerulSBs— E. K. Isaacs 

Bird Flourish-R. B. Pickens , 

Editorial Comment. 

Prbsident Chapman of the Western 
PeiHiiaD's Association, in a communication 
to which we gladly give place, sends words 
of cheer with reference to the forthcoming 
meelingof that Associalion. The outlook, 
he says, is for the largest penman's conven- 
tion ever held in this country. We note 
the encouraging fact with a good deal of 
pleasure. Wliy shouldn't it be the largest 
meeting ever held ? The working men of 
tbe profession arc beginning to realize, as 
they never did before, the advantages to be 
derived from these meetings, alike in their 
social and business aspects. They foster 
that essential element of professional rela- 
tionship, the €8]>rit de corps, and afford the 
material and substantial benefit to the indi- 
vidual participants of a communion of ideas 
iu which all are interested. 

We say it again, and with renewed 
emphasis, that the prospect of a large 
gathering of penmen at Cedar Rapids in the 
Convention which convenes during the 
Christmas holidays, is a sign of great 
promise to the profession generally. Though 
the association has a local name, its ideas 
are unhampered by sectional limits, and 

Some one seems to think that the neces- 
sarily severe strictures in the last number 
of The Journal upon the indecent con- 
duct of two unimportant individuals might 
l)e construed by the unthinking into a re- 
flection upon Mr. E. K. Isaacs. There was 
nothing in the comment in question to even 
faintly bear out such an inference. 

much for that 
its refreshing novelty. He thinks il would 
be a good thing if the editor of The Jour- 
nal would personally address the mailing 
wrappers to subscribers. The scheme is a 
brilliant one— dazzling, we might say, but 
then, who would gel the paper together if 
the editor should undertake to amuse him- 
self by dashing off 30,000 names and ad- 
dresses a mouth ? Perhaps our correspon- 
dent hasn't thought of that. 

iNTERnnxTENTLY we hear of a woman 
who handles a pen with professional skill, 
and we never miss the opportunity which 
such a circumstance offers of saying what a 
good thing it would be if more women 
should follow in that line. Whether the 
present year's crop was blighted or not we 
cannot say, but there does seem to be some- 
thing of a dearth of the matured product, 
and we are compelled to keep our lecture in 
our pocket. 

obstacle to his progress. The rigidity of 
touch acc^uired by hard pressijre with the 
slate-pencil is one of the chief obstructions 
to his acquiring a good handwriting. " 

In the same course of study for 1877. we 
also read: " It is very important that, wher- 
ever writing facilities are furnished, slate 
writing should be wholly abandoned. Its 
practice is a serious barrier to penmanship, 
from the muscular rigor required in the 
rigid grasping of the pencil. No mental 
or moral habit is more diflScult of conquest 
thftn a viciobs muscular or physical one." 

The same report for 1878, says: "The 
mysteries involved in the delicate manipu- 
lation of a pen were as far from their com- 
prehension as the knowledge of Oriental 

In School No. 39. Brooklyn, the classes 
of all the grades above fifth primary were, 
in December, 1877, provided with books, 
and regularly taught penmanship. The re- 
sults exhibited in .lanuary, 1879— after one 
year of instruction — were of a character 
almost too surprising for credulity. Entire 
classes on the second primary grade wrote 
legibly and readily, from my dictation, 
long paragraphs selected from their reading 
books ; and every pupil of the first and 
second primary grade produced an original 
composition in his or her own handwritinp, 
extending, in several instances, to an entire 
sheet of foolscap. 

Practical Writing. 
The specimen in the present number by 
"" ■ ' ; than a passing 

Prof. Kibbe, deserves i 

there is loom and hospitality enough in the 
commonalty of Cedar Hapids to extend a 
hearty welcome to any Eastern scribe who 
may put in an appearance. 

That is a most graceful, eloquent, and, 
above all, mcst deserved tribute paid by our 
phonographic editor to the genius, integrity 
and philantbrophy of Isaac Pitman, the 
father of phonography. 

We have the pleasure of receiving, with 
more orless regularity, perhaps, every busi- 
ness college paper and circular published iu 
this country. These publications are care- 
fully read and any points of general inter- 
est they may contain noted for the benefit 
of the profession at large. Tbe Jouunal 
does not, however, make a habit of ex- 
changing with publications issued primari- 
ly as advertising circulars. Obviously, such 
an exchange would be unfair, and should 
not be expected. Another point that occurs 

place The Journal on file in" the school 
reading-room for the general use of pupils, 
v^ ell, after all, how much of an induce- 
ment do our friends think that is to a papcr 
that lives by selling subscriptions at $1 a 
year and gives a dollar's worth for every 
cent of the money T 

Slate Writing Against Pen 

It is an old fiuestion — that of the advan- 
tages or disadvantages of having primary 
.students of penmanship wrile on slates. 

Here is something in point taken from 
The TeachefH Institute: 

To question the inetflcicucy of slate writ- 
ing as a means of tf^aching penmanship 
shows lack of experience. Every teacher 
who has conducled parallel courses in script 
on slates and with pen and ink knows that 
in proportion as she gives more attention to 
one the other suffers. The reason of this 
lies in tbe widely different management re'- 
quired for the hard, stone pencil, with its 
unyielding point gliding over a hard, stone 
surface, and for the more delicately con- 
structed pen, with its sharp atrd elastic 
point tracing forms upon tbe easily injured 
surface of a sheet of paper. ChUdrcu 
whose writing upon slates resembles copper- 
plate in its perfection show but tbe crudest 
results in penmanship until a long course 
ide them familiar with the manngc- 

course during the first year only with slatec, 
then lead-pencils, and then pens, which 
should be taken in hand at the beginning of 
tbe second year. 

In the Brooklyn school report of 187.1, 
we read: "Tbe practice of writing with 
pencils upon slates does but little towan) 
aiiline in pen-and-ink writing, except fami- 
"ng the pupil with the forms of Ih( 

notice. It cas been the earuest endeavor of 
the editors of The Journal to furnish to 
young men of the country examples and 
instruction in practical writing, which 
should meet requirements when put to the 
practical test in life. It hns also been their 
purpose to commend thai which was com- 
mendable and chide that which was repre- 
hensible in penmanship. 

In his present example Mr Kibbe cer- 
tainly furnishes one of tbe very best exam- 
plea of a practical copy. Not that it is to 
be expected that any one in tbe exigencies 
of business will write a body of writing as 
symmetrical and perfect as is the example, 
for that would be impriu-ticable. Neverthe- 
less it linsbeen the ilioir ugh conviction and 
teaching of The Joiunal that perfect 
models are in all respfcts the most desirable 
for copies, and those teachers and writers 
who advocate loose, sprawlly, imperfect 
writing on tbe plea of a free movement are 
doing a greater damage to the rising genera- 
tion of this country than they can possibly 

The model by Mr. Kibbe is written in an 
easy, practical movemrut, of course not so 
rapidly as he would write for business, nor 
is (his necessary in order that it should fill 
the bill entirely as a desirable copy. Speed 
in writing as in locomotion is to be adjusted 
to the circumstance of the writer— or the 
pedestrian. Ourynung readers can certainly 
do no better than to practice earnestly upon 
ihc admirable model furnished by Prof. 
Kibbe, aud the excellent movemeot exer- 
cises by Prof. Isaacs. 




Ib this issue, on this page, wc- inaiigiiiHtc 
it new fealurc- wliicli will prove of preat 
interest to sludenls imd admirers of pen 
art. The above cu s are the first contrilm- 
tioQ to The Journal's Autograph Album, 
and they give assurauce of great attractive- 
uess to the new department. 

These cuts were photo engraved from 
pen and ink copy, and nothing will be ad 
initled to this department that has not bec-n 
reproduced by that method. ' 

We have already on hand a large Dumber 

of contributions to thenewdeparlnicnt. and 
it is proposed to show iu this maouer the 
writing of every American penman of note. 
We believe that the readers of The 
Journal will show their appreciation of 
the paper's enterprise in placing before 
them chirographic examples from the most 
accomplished masters of the art in the best 
way possible. 


A twelve year old lad of Sag Harbor. Me., 
daily sits down to the table with bis father 
and mother, grandfather and grandmother, 
and great-grandfather and two great-grand 
mothers. The little fellow has a hunted 
look, and dodu'es at every word that is 
spoken. — Burlington free Presn. 

" You girls want the earth," said a Stalf 
street father, when one of his daughters 
asked him for $6 for a new jacket." 

"No, papa," said the girl; "not ihe 
earth — only a new jersey." 

Mrs. Norveau Riche — "Aw, yes, that's 
very pretty, but I don't like the title. "Com- 
mon Prayer,' Haven't you — aw— any other 
kind ? I don't care bow much 1 have to 


The teacher, a leaaon he taught ; 
The preacher, a aemion ho praneht ; 
The Ptouler. he stole : 
The healer, he hole ; 
And the screecher, he awfully aureught. 

And the liar (a t^Hherman) le< 

ery bUHiiiess man— .ind every man fhoiild be 

of buBJness— should be expert at mathe- 

,1 oomputations. The Star Publ!»biug Com- 

3ul8, advertl8>-a In t 

liwlll 1 

that proficleiioy. 

— W« were pleased to receive a c 
two since from Mr, J. C. Bryant, of I 
had just lauded from a pleasure toui 
tended back to the early sprlni;. 

A Curious Calculation. 

There is a statistician about the Palmer 
House who desires to impress everybody 
with economical facts. Said he yesterday : 
" Do you see that man over there ? Well, 
he is a farmer down near Elgin. There he 
goes with a friend ; they're going to take a 
drink. The farmer will pay for it. Now, 
let me see. That man will plow two mor- 
tal hours next sprini: to plow enough land 
to raise one bushel of corn. This bushel of 
corn will sell for thirty cents. Therefore, 
the farmer and the corn have parted. Now 
let me show you what becomes of the corn. 
A bushel of corn makes seventeen quarts of 
whisky, four and a quarter gallons. The 
distillery gets its first profit — forty cents a 
gallon. There you are ; $2 for that bushel 
of corn. Now the government comes in, 
ninety cents a gallon— $3.^5 added to the 
$2, makes $.j.85, that brings the product of 
that bushel of corn down to the jobber and 
wholesaler, and finally by several stages to 
the retailer. By the time it reaches the lat- 
ter the bushel of corn or its product of four 
and a quarter gallons has been reduced one- 
half, which means eight and a half quarts. 
There are sixty drinks to the gallon— that 
is the average— eight and one-half gallons 
means 270 drinks at fifteen cents each— 
there we have |;40.35 as the consumer's 
price for a bushel of corn which the farm- 
ers raise and sell for thirty cents. Who 
says there is not industry in this country ? 
Bu! the farmer we met just now spent his 
whole bushel of corn for the price of two 
drinks, and the people who do not till the 
soil got away with $40 05, "—Chicago Herald. 

Are Our Colleges Behind the 

We live in an age of unparalleled "pas- 
sion, pulse, and power"- an age with 
gigantic problems suddenly laid on it ; our 
civilization is chiefly industrial, and the 
railway, the factory, and labor organiza- 
tions are the largest elements of our social 
life. Would any one believe a prum that 
under these circumstances our colleges 
would be still haggling over the Greek and 
J>atin question, and that only one of them 
in the entire country should give instnic- 
lion on railway transportation, the most 
important subject now before the public, 
and the one also on which there is such 
vast ignorance ^—Papular Science Manlhly. 

The handwriting of distinguished Bos- 
toniaus is usually more delicate and per- 
spicuous than that of distinguished New 
Yorkerp. as auy one who has ever received 
epistles from Dr. Lowell, Dr. Holmes, Pro- 
fessor Norton, or the late Mr. Longfellow 
will testify. More pains is lakou in form- 
ing tht) letters, and the total result wears 
an air rather of neatness than of dispatch. 
Why this Is so bus never been explained. 

—The Western Telegraph Instruction Company 
has floe rooms at No. 8 East 14th Street. New York. 
In charge nf B. C. Koeth, late of San FraDCl^co, a 
member of the fiualness Educntors' Assoolatlon. 
Weare Informed that the Company is doing a flour. 
lahiDK business. 

—One hundred and thirteen members of the doss 
of ]t«7 at the I'eirce College of Business. Philadel- 
phia, ludtcates an anuaual degree ot prosperity in 
that Institution. We have received fn pamphlet 
form a report of Ihe annaal commenc«ment exer- 
i-lses, held at the American Academy of Uuslo on 
the evening of Jnly Ist, 

—The Intelleotunl bill of the Normal and Scion- 
tlflo College, Sherwood. Mich., Is complete and 
attractive. The course of study Includes all the 
branches of commercial training. F. L. Kern is 

— B. W. Ball, president of the Harper, Kan,. 
Nonoal School f.nd Business College, reports ii 
very satisfactory increase in the business of that 
Institution. More than 100 students were enrolled 
during the first six weeks. 

— C. Baylees iasues for his Business College, Dubu- 
que, la., a descriptive pamphlet that every penman 
sbonldhave. if only for Its specimens. It is hand- 
somely printed and tells the story of a thoroughly 
progressive school. 

—Another school catalogue of exoeplional 
beauty In its arrangement and mechanical eflect 
is that of the Wllllamsport. Pa.. Commercial Col- 
lene, F. M. Allen, President. Nearly 300 8tudenl.s 
were enrolled at the last session. Besides setting 
forth in a most attractive way the advantages of 
the institution it represents, this pamphlet presents 
a varied and altogether interesting miscellany per- 
talolDg to penmanship and commercial education 

—Wo acknowledge the pleasure of an invitation 
to be present at the forma) opening of Bee- 
miui's Actual Business College. Red Wing, Minn., 
on the evening of November llth. This sohool 
was established last year and has been eminently 

—The twenty-second anniversary of the Tren 
ton, N. J.. Business College will occur on Novem- 
ber Qth, and the occasion will be appropriately 
oelebratad to an entertainment at the Taylor 
Opera House. Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage will lee- 

— Wb renew our felicitations to our distinguished 
friend and confrere, A. J. Scarborough, upon the 
ooeaelon of his marriage to Miss Emma Dennlsson, 
of Cedar Rapids. la., on the 6th of October. The 
Evening Oaz^Ueol that oltyin its Issue of the 7ih 
prints a very graceful account of the auspicious 

—Hymen's harvest Is upon us. Mr. Henry Willis 
Bryant, of the old and honorable Bryant family, 
which Is inseparably aesooiated with our national 
system of commercial leacbiug, was married at 
Chicago, on the llth ot Ootober. to 
Kellogg ReQua. The happy young couple have i 

design you wish will be put in metnl for you In the 
most artistic manner and at the least expense 

— G. W. Dix, Superintendent of Queen City Pen- 
manshlp Institute, Winfield, Kan., is meeting with 
deserved success In teaching penmanship and 
bookkeeping by mail. Our young readers who are 
aeeking a capable instructor Ln these branches 

should V 


copies of t 
for sale in 

—Our experience with the firm of Barnum & 
Co.. dealers In card supplies, eto , No. 20 North 
William Street, New York, warrants us In saying 
that any orders which our friends may entrust to 
them will be satisfactorily executed. Give them a 
chance at your trade. 

■ artist of great promise Is 0. W. Kear. 

J pieces of engrossing which he offers 
ur advertising columns, nnd pronounce 

—The appearance of Mr. A H. Hiuman In our 
Banotum a few days since, looking as vigorous and 
healthy as of old, was even more of a pleasure 
than usual in view of bis recent painful accident. 
Mr, Hlnmans friends all around will be glad to 
congratulate him on his complete recovery. 

— S. C. Malone, Baltimore. Is winning golden 
opinions for his very beautiful pen-work. Aresulu 
tion recently engrossed by him for preeentation to 
the veteran A. S, AbcU. founder and editor of the 
Baltimore San, by the mun'olpality, U of a very 
high order of excellence. This Is what the Mayor 
of the Monumental Cllysaya of It in a letter to Mr. 
Malone under date of October 1st : 

"Mv Dear Sir:— I have inspected with very 
great interest and pleasure the engrossment by 
you of the Semicentennial Resolutions of the City 
Council of Baltimore, complimentary of the jour- 
nalistic experience and enterprise of Mr. A S. 
Abell. and 1 have no hesitation in acknowlediug 
that I have never examined a more Interesting and 
clever specimen of that character of handicraft. 
It Is a superb execution, and anistto enough to en- 
title you to distinguished prominence among the 

Schneider, President of the Wl! 
Barre. Pa. , Business College and Sohool of Penn 
ship and Shorthand, issues a very unique and c 
cise otrd circular for that Institution. 

The Editor's Calendar. 


— Lillibridge .t Roose's LIncotti .Vonl/ily, published 
hi the interest of their .businesd'college. Is alto- 
gether worthy of commendation, both Id matter 
and method. 

—The price of Tfif Can/lina Ttnchtr, published 
at Colombia, S. C, has been reduced to seventy- 
five cents, or two subscriptions for %\.'i:i. It was a 
cheap paper at the old rate. Editor W. L. Bell is 
possessed of a very nice sense of discrimination 
in the make-up of this paper. 

—Tie young lady who presides at the Reming- 
ton machine In Ihe artistic title of Thr 'J^nirwntrr 

fires of Editor Morris's genius and erudition. 
Gralmm's Slmlfnt'n Journal (the old reliable) Is 
peculiarly brilliant In its selections for practice. 
Tht Phonof/rajitiic M'or/rf. which scorns to he ham- 
pered by allegiance to any one Fyatem, Is full of 
Interest for all shorthand writers, 

-The . 


Salfm,nn, Mil 
waukee, publishes the excellent portrait and letter 
of e. W. Shaylor. Portland. Me., with the sketch 
which appeared In The Journal. 

—The last number of GiuMl's ilagazint Is by 
odds the brightest and best, to our notion, that 
has been published. As Editor Scarborough bos 
joined the Benedicts, we wot not that the forth- 
coming number will be brighter still. 

—Our excellent neighbor, Thr Office, published 
at 37 College Place, wears prosperity on Its face. 
It is one of a kind and a very good kind for busi- 
ness people to read. 

— Westervelt &. York sends us The Forn<l CHij 
BiinnM* College Mirror, London. Ont., which tella 
all about the attractions <>f that Institution. 

peculiar groupings of the various subjects which 
enter into its text. As its nams implies, It Is 
thorough in every particular, omitting no detail 
that would be of value to the teacher or student. 
—Wo have received from Mr. Chandler 11. Peirce. 
Keokuk, la . Nos. 1 and 3 of his system of penman- 
ship. The work comprises graded Instruction for 
home learner^', abundantly Illustrated with exer- 
cise cuts and a copy book addendum with both 
double and single ruling. We should say that any 

a would 

—A des 'rlptive universal atlas of 600 large pages, 
brought down to date and complete In every 
detail, with vastly more Information about this 
planet. Its produoti, peoples and industrlea, eto. 
than any one briia could ever hold. Is *' Gaskell's 
Popular Atlas of the World." The work is Issued 
by the F.ilrbank9 & Palmer Publishing Company, 
Chicago. After an examination embraoing a 
I, we wish to say that In our 

period of t 

(>^M^i^c<n^^ ..J^^i-'tri^c^c^^ 


. Vf. Klbbe, Vtloa, 

iited In Cnnuectini 

OjKriiU)r, Boston, comes to ua every month with 
smiling countenance. Fifty cents a year is all that 
Is charged for this Journal, which ought to guar- 
antee it a large circulation. 

-A neat little paper known as Tht Xorrnal is 
published by Brower &, Parsons, Wilton Junction, 
la. Both gentlemen are old hands at the wheel, 
and may be relied upon to guide their crall 
straight into tho harbor of success. 

—There Is no chaff in The EducaliaiKil lifford of 
the Province of Quebec, published at Montreal 
and edited by J. H. Harper. 

—Wo commend the seieoliona In T/ie Oak Lftif, 
Journal of Ouk Ridge Business Institute. 

-The Eilucation Call, Vienna. 111., knows ugood 
artl'-te on penmanship when it sees It. Its other 
departments are up to the mark. 

—If XoUjiaiKl Queries, Manchester. N. H., would 
Issue bound volumes at the close of the year with 
index, we think they would find a very ready sale. 
For information OD a wide vftriety of topics this 
periodical is unequalled. 

—We have many excellent phonographic ex- 
changes. The J/ento/- continues to glow with the 


—No. 11 of the series of sohool otassios published 
by U. W. Bardeen, of Syacuse, is entitled "' How to 
Teach Natural Science in tho Public Schools.'" 
William T. Harris. LL.D. is tho author. It is a 
concise little pamphlet of -10 page^, and miy be 
read carefully with profit, The same publisher 
alao sends us specimen pages of " The Oi-h'w I'k-tiin 
of John Amoi Comerlus,"aD educational clasdj of 
prime Importance, well known as the fitit picture 
book ever made for children, and for a century the 
tpuhir text book in Europe, The price of 

e will be $3. 

of : 



Philosophical Solutions," is the title of a work of 
'.SM pages by Col. George Soule, th< 
business college man of New Orleans, 
everything found In the ordinary i 

u way as to make It exceptionally valuable. 

—We are Indebted to O. M. Powers, of the Metro- 
pollt lu Business College. Chicago, for n copy of his 
work admirable In 
1, and very fortunate in Us 

Lvell known 
It embodies 
ari th- 
in such 

opinion no work of equal value Is obtainable for 
less than $',£5, while this Atlas Is sold foroonslder- 
ab'y less than half that sum. It has hundreds of 

statistical, enri 

l.hl3kind. Wei 

geographical, topographical and 
bed with handsome engravings on 
Kt, with an abundance of supple - 
tion of an historical and chrono 
usually found In works of 
■eservntlou lu very cordially 
Popular Atlas of tho 
uld And a place In every 

I a work that 

—Putnam i!k Kinsley's new " Series of Lessons In 
Plain Writing " is meeting with a reception at the 
hands of the public, which Its merits conspicuously 
entitle It to. We trust in the near future to show 
some of the sample slips In the columns of Tue 



teur cover for one that is very strong, delicate 
and beautiful, designed by the great Halm. " Mount 
TaooBia," by Dr. C. D. Hendrickson, la the opening 

1 59 

nrtlole of the November number, which heclns the 
.t's.'iith Tolnme. This, next to Mount St. Alias In 
Ahi-kii, Is the tallest peak In the United SUtes, 
I lie i>apor is abundantly illustrated. "Autumn 
Flowers" is an experiment In joint authorship 
ti> Sarah F, Qoodricli and Edith M. Thompson. 
Jennie June ioaugunttes a new department on 
"Household Art." This on the whole is by odds 
the best number thkt has ever appeared, both In 
text and engraving. 

—A rloblj illustrated description of the "Paris 
Sohool of Fine Arts " Is tlie leading article in Scrib- 
ner'» JJagazim for October. It is by Henry 0, 
Avery, a graduate of the Institution it desoribes. 
The seventh and last installment of the " Thaoka- 
ray Letters," belns selected from his correspond- 
ence during American visits, lends additional Inter- 
est lo this number. Prof. Sbaler contributes an- 
otlier of his notable papers relating to the surface 
ot the earth and allieu topics. 

— A strllcing portrait of Harriet Beecher Stowe, 
engraved by Johnson, is the frontispiece of the 

'■ Mrs. 

■Uncle Tom" at Home in Kentucky," by James 
Lane Allen, recounts the life of the Kentuoky 
slave of the old time It is obarmingly illustrated 
by Kemljle. Mrs. Schuyler Van Kenaselaer con- 
tributes a richly illustrated paper on the "Cathe- 
dral of Ely." Another notable contribution Is Mr. 
Stedman's "Twelve Vears of British Soni,'," Mr. 
Stockton's " The Hundredth Man," and Joel Chan- 
dler Harris's "Azalla," both reach their conclu- 
sion. The poetry of this number le strooger tbao 
that of the current number of any contemporary 

—The October Comioixdilnn starts business with a 
beautifully illustrated article entitled "The Passing 
of the Buffalo." by W. T. Hornaday, Another strlk- 
e Is George H. Fritch'a " The Pigmy King- 


t thet 

walian Islands. A paper of groat 
is " The Second Wife of Napoleon I.," by J Henry 
Hager. P. T. Barnum. the ahuwnmn, tells about 
" The First Jenny Lind Ticket." Leo Meriwether 
has an exhilarating sketch, entitled "A Buck-Board 
Trip Among the Indians." James T. McKay con- 
tributes a strong story, entitled "A I..ear of New 
England;" and there is also a posthumous atory 
by John Esten Cooke. Walt Whitman and Ella 
Wheeler Wilcox shows up in the galaxy of ver- 

— A spirited now portrait of Daniel Webster is 
the singularly attractive frontlapieoe of the Octo- 
ber number of The Maqdziw of Ameiiaiii llUtory. 
It is published in connection with a clever charac- 
ter study by Hon. S. G. W. Benjamin " The Ad- 
mission into the Union of Kentucky, Tennessee and 
Ohio," is the subject of a paper by ex-Preeident 
Andrews of Marietta College. The number Is 
strong throughout. 

—SI. y\cholag is as bright and beautiful as ever. 
Louisa M. Alcott contributes one of her charming 
Btories, entitled " Pansles." It is followed by a 
bewildering array of short stories, entertaining 
sketches and bright jingles of verses. 

—In the forefront of the October Il'irff Aw<ik- 
is a tale of adventure, shipwreck, smuggling and 
piracy, the hero of which was a boy full of Robin- 
son Cmsoe; and the boy Is Maurice Thompson, 
who telb about it. Charles Egbert Craddook'e 
story, begun In the August number, reaches a con- 
cluBlon. There are other charming stories and 

Specimens Received. 

A delicate and very neat design in bird -flourish- 
ing is enclosed In a graceful letter from Grace L. 
Catlln, Pittsfield, Majs. Other designs of this 
character worthy of notiee come from E. L. Bur- 
nett. Providence, li. I. ; Anthony J. Enz. Pitts- 
burgh. Pa. ; R. n. McMillen. Chapman, Kan. ; a:id 
D. B. Blakis, Gaiesbnrg, Mloh. The latter also 
t of capitals and other 

sends a 




keepsle, N, T. ; J. H. Dower. Valparaiso, Ind. 
W, Wallace. Wilmington, Del , Commercial Col- 
lege : J. R. Carroihers, Western Iowa Commercial 
ColleKc, Council Bluffs. Iowa ; A. D. Richard. Ture- 
bonne College. N. Y. ; R. S. Collins, Knoxvllle. 

Card work of a meritorious character Is sub- 
mltt^-'d by P. T. Benton, Iowa City. la. ; B. P. 
Pickens, Mooresville. Tenn, ; J, B. Duryea, Iowa 
Itusiness College, Dea Moines, la. ; and F. S. Heath, 
Shaw's Business College, Portland. Me. 

Our galaxy of accomplished correspondents who 
have dipped their pens In liquid gold, so to speak, 
is an unusually brilliant one this month, as the 
following names attest: 

L. P. Spencer, Plainfield, N. J. ; A. N, Palmer 
Editor We^Um Penman, Cedar Rapids, la.; J. .1, 
Murray. Boston, Mass. ; P. W, Co&tello, Scranton, 
L'a. : A. W. Dakin, Syracuse, N. Y. ; W. N. Ferris, 
Big Rapids. Mich. ; A. E, Parsons. Wilton Junction. 
la. ; K. J. Kneit, Stratford, Ont. ; W. A. Smith, 
Huntortown, Ind. : Fielding Sohofleld. Gem City 
Business College, (inlncy. III, : James B. Graff, 
Rlverton, N. J. : C. G. Price. Mlillgan. Tenn. ; J 
C. Ferguson. Oberlin. O. ; Looke Thompson. Tem- 
pleton. Pa, : D. R- LiUibridge. Lincoln, Neb., Bual 
noss College; L. Delwlier, Hlllsboro. O. ; 0. W 
Wailace, Wilmington, Del., Commercial Coll<>Ke : 

I.'. M. Robinson. La Fayett«, Ind, : Geo. R Rath- 
bun, Omaha, Neb., Business College : H. J. P t- 
roan. Minneapolis. Minn. ; W. g. Hull. Ypsllanti. 

L. M. Thornburg, Quincy, III. ; fl 
Richmond, Ind., Business College; A. D Sk^ls, 
Canada Business College. Chatham, Ont. ; H. C. 
Ingram. Washington College, Irvington, Cal. ; A. 
T. Reynolds, Dirlgo, Me., Business College ; H. W. 
Shaylor, Portland. Me. 

Leon Braon, Montreal, Can.; J. G. Barmison, 
Lexington. Ky. : E. M. Chartier, Little Rook, Ark., 
Commercial College ; A. B. Fryer, La Delle. Dak. ; 
H. A. Howard, Rockland, Me., Commercial Col- 
lege ; M. S, Beard, Galveston, Tex. ; W. J. Kinsley, 
Shenandoah, la. ; C. C. French, Bayless Buslnexa 
College, Dubuque, la. ; E. C. Bosworth, Rochester, 
N. Y. ; A. C. Webb, Nashville, Tenn. ; C. E. Mc- 
Kee. Columbus. O. 

For this lesson we would bave the stu- 
dent use India ink. unruled paper with a 
single pencil line to wrile on, nnd no other 
gui 'e lines. Where great accuracy is de- 
sired five spaces one-ninth of an inch wide 
may be ruled off, also slope lines about one- 
half inch apart. 

India ink when ground black is somewhat 
thicker than ordinary black ink and does 
not flow so freely ; hence the dislike which 
m.iny penmen have for it. By working 
with it patiently this dislike will be 

OQMii^ OCMzm.^ 

William Robinson, Washago, Can, ; Mary Mo- 
Quigg, Allegheny City, Pa. ; A. K. Bush, Gem City 
Business College, Qulncy. 111. ; E. K. Isaacs, Val- 
paraiso. Ind. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

" We take it for granted " that the many 
thousands of readers of The Journal have 
practiced on our first lesson until they can 
make a set of Capitals and small letters 
much better than the copies, and if so, they 

The exercises in accompanying plate are 
all to be practiced with the muscular 
movement, and rapidly. The proper speed 
for the largest size ovals is from 150 to 200 
per minute. Don't allow the hand 
to mope around in a slow, sluggish 
Let the arm roll easily and lightly 
on the muscle forward of the elbow. Keep 
the wrist raised, and let the band glide 

are now ready to strugple wiih a page of 
body writing. We would have you wrile 
it with the linger movement, because Ihat 
will try your patience and perseverance 
more ihan any otLer movement, and if you 
have not the patience to labor through a 
page with that movement, we advise you 
to steer your energies clear of artislic pen- 
manship. Show U8 a person who has 
practiced only a rapid forearm movement 
in writing, and we will show you a very 
poor penman in the artistic department of 
the art. We, of course, recngnizf* that the 
forearm is the only sensible movement for 
business writing, and will have more to say 
ou that point in its proper place, but now 

around briskly on the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers. Be systematic and patient I 
Fill H page with each exercise. Notice 
that all the exercises in this lesson are liff/il 
— not shaded. Notice that some of the 
ovals are on main slant, some vertical, some 
horizontal, and some on hackward slant. 

Keep the paper, pen and hand in the regular 
writing po/ntion while practicing the vertical, 
horizontal and baekslaut ex^erciae*. 

These exercises %vill develop scope and 
freedom of motion— motion in all direc- 
tions. But do not raise the arm from the 
table ; keep it down, rolling on the muscles. 
The arrows indicate the direction of the 


eassorttd Automallo Shading Pcns.Sl. 
c asanrtfd packages Autoumtlc Ink Pow- 

.utlfut Speoluieus of Automatic Pen-work, 

A.' H. RAKIIAM, TtiUor. Iowa. 

Lock Box at. 


A position us teacher of accounts and plain and 
urnameutal penmanship In a Bn>lnesa College. 
Can teach phomgraphy also. Have had twelve 
years" experience. References furnished and r«- 
iiuired. Address, "Q," care Pbnmam's Art Joor- 

f York City. 


ANTED, -A co-partner Of ability and meana 
*" Invest In a Bnslne>s College The writer 


J. snii! '■... iiifnrm^.t ili,«r mav he worth 

many^ r.> n.n i ii.,v.- ..r.-.Tii/. ,i ai,,| taught 

Large Photographs of two Elegant pieces of En- 
gros!;iug. One a Set of Resoluttons. the other on 
Address Si/.e of photos, (4x10 inohes; orlglnala, 
£2x28 inches. Seventy-five cents each, or both for 
One Dollar and a two-cent stamp, to all those 
ordering within thirty days from date of this paper. 
Worth many times the money to any penman. 
Satisfaction guaranteed or money refunded. 


Twelve Lessons, bi-weekly, written Instmctlons 
with each, 92. Short course, 91. Seven 


Owing to death ( 

aying Buitiness College in a cily In the 
central part of the United States, of a population 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Eaay, Accurate anil Reliable. Send stamp for a 

New York Agency, 23 Union SgUARs. 

TJTow to become Expert at Figures.— 10,000 Sold. 
*A 20 cts. postpaid. Star Pub. Co., St Louis, Mo. 



Goes like hot cakes. No 
book befoi'e the public has met 
with equal favor this year. Two 
large editions have been ex- 
hausted, and the demand multi- 
plies iistonishingly. It must be 
that the public expectation has 
been met at last, and that a book 
has been produced which will 
do the work. 

This book can be had by 
sending to the publisher $1.50 

A liberal discount made to 

Address for lull [larticulars, 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 
101 East 23d Street, 
,. , New York. 




«.. „.u,„, 1,.., ., ,„., r,«„™ ^^^^,^^K« 


Business College, 

707 to 713 Broad St, Newark, N. J., 

Trains Tounc Mon. Boys, Mlddlc-aeed Men and 
Younir Ladlea for a sucoesaful start In Business 
Lire. 'rheLari;e3t and most popular Sohool Id the 
country. Course ot study ootuoines Theory with 
Praotloe. by n syeiem of business transactions, 
based on real values. No Vacations. Rates Low, 
3 Illustrated 

s Journal mailed t 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By meauB of direot Personal Correspondence. 

The First Sohool of its kind Id America. 

Lahoblt Patronized and Hiohlt Endorsed. 
StudenU now regitUrtd frotn nerj/ SiaU and 
Terrilorv and nearly ait BHllth ArrurUan Province, 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 



Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y. 

all kinds of Ornamental Pen Work, Memo- 

'JUl"^ •"""i.'v uiiuiuer. Corres- 
wlih parties having enffi-osslng 

>8 of flourifihiDK fresh from the 

3 for 26 cents. Large pieces iS and 




INK POWDERS and Direotlons. any color. 5 for 

AUTOMATIC PENS. Noa. to 5. 26o each 5 for 

I. No8. and 8, .350 each. 

Two Pens, 3 Ai,i-iiAiiBTfl. 6 Inks and I: 

SI. No8. and 8, .350 each 
Two PENe,3 Ai,i-iiAiiBTfl.f 
rjl. StiimpstakiMi torn 

bo refunded. 

■s less than $i. 

Do You Write Cards? 

■ery penman who WTlIes cards has found 
b* or less trouble in gettInK the name on 

rule cards and instantly re 
perfiirmed in an Instant. 

ered by which you can 
move the line without 
« It, It is simple and 
Price, 36o. No catch 


^olicKe, St, Joseph. Mo, 



D Of his finest cards in his 

'. J.. F. FISH, Cleveland. C 

Remington Standard Typewriter, 

Dakiu is one of the finest 

Isa model of e 

rarely excelled. He 1b 'itoinf; 

Editor Art Journal. 

country, his writing is 

a large business in his line. 



We guarantee the superiority of our machines. 
them unbroken at any time within 30 days C. O. D. 
for fuU price paid If not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
illustrated pamphlet and sample book of papers on 

339 Broadway, New York. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington, Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, 12 Third St. 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 308 N. Sixth St. 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E. Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., corner 
Leadenhall. 6-12 


These goods will be sent nost-nnld on n 
price, excepting Japai 
press, charges not paid. .. 

remitting Isat hand send S ^_. „.^,j 

thine we have have for sale In the line of penmen ': 
supplies Is mentioned below. The ptices givei 
are the lowest. Please do not send for smaller 
quantities of goods than •' ' 

Drawing and slow Writing, H gross 35c. 1 gros 
$1.30. Glllott'B 290, for the finest Drawing ant 
Lettering, 1 doz. 6O0, J4 gross $1.M. Soennech 
en's I, 2. 2W. 3,3W.and 4. broad points for rani. 
Text Lett«Hng. 1 is the largest. Assorted to order 
^ gross 350, 1 gross Si. "~ ^ 

150 per 100. Si. K 
20c per 100, |].6 

for open Text Lettering. 

[eavT, best, same size. 
Pantograph, for reduc- 

Tig or enlarging desietis, $1. Scrolling Out-.. 
or laying out ourved lines of lettering, outlining 
icroll8&o-40c. T-square, with adjustable head. 
M 10. KullngPen.forusewiththeT-square.^" 

T ^\ Kl I %# SIMPLE APPARATUS repro- 
H CJ 111 I Y ^''°^?. tl"'" ""d thick strokes 
E ^^ ■ ™ ^ ■ insolldblackliues. Permanent 
EXCELLENT Black Copixs of anything wHtUn or 
drawn wItL any Pen (or Type Writer) by the patent 


AuTocopnsT Co.. 166 William, Street. New York, 

^fSEND 25 CTS. 1 


■atalogne School Sup- 


sLaiiiji. anu 1 wui send you addressed In my 
^^l^'i""!?^ "*^ descriptive of Lessons by Mall. Ex- 
S?"^^'*„?***''??,^""' Tracing Exercises, Capitals. 
Cards, Flourishing, etc. Address, 


piece of poetry. 1 
Beauty. Esteem. Confidei'Mi^.' Elegantly wrftt* 

either of thefollowiDgsubjet 

with bird flourish at the top o 

U. S. Stumps takei 

The monogram of tl 
I premium with each orde 

. G, ANDERSON. Falcon. Tenn. 

Your monogram of the 36 capital letters is in 
:enious. and your acrostics more so if yon 
hould receive as many orders as your work mei \it 
ou would be kept busy night and day grindlnu 

. Jtaact, If. I. Normal 6 

!v^^h' oool&^St an''S 


NBRhvilte, Tenn. 

crltlolsfng the student's writing [lointlngout the 

principal faults 

Hog bim Just how to avoid 

I guarantee satisfaotion. 

and prepare for teaching penmanship. 

A very large number of those wlio nave tanen 
this course are now filling positions paying from 
S600 to 81.000 a year. Are they not well repaid for 
their small investment of S3 ? 

learn to write a good 

d failed 1 
I 1 

■ failed t 

nvtted t 

i excellent 

of all who have taken 

. , . taswellastheyoould, 

rolled from nearly every Slate and territory in the 

.._,__ . are now taking lessons, 

taught more students In 

... . Ing the last three ypnm 

other penman In the world. Why 

partaswellastheyoould. Students 
am nearly every Slate and territory 

Union. Over 300 siudents are now taking It 

and I am sure that I have taufb^m — - j- 

peumanship, by mall, during 

than any other penman In ' 

flludv penmanship— it will 

work with a will, 1 

t little. Get 

luSject careful 

J will in a very snori 11 

1 salary. Send stamp 


I consider Prof. Dakln one of the fl 
n this country. His card writing is 


I want a few more agents to take orders for 
written cards. If y - . . 

cards and fine penmanship, and wImIi 10 make 

pies, which contains amost beautiful au<l complete 
variety of all the laiest and most popular styles, 
with very low rates 10 agents. This book is the 


styles and combinations. 
uia&iuK a 111U31 Dii^guut variety from which you 
cannot fail to cliouse a favorite Ptyle. I believe 

than any other penman In 

mberof beautiful and artistic styles in vihioh 

Prof A. W. DakUi is advertising bis pen-work in 
lur columns. If our readers want something fine 
n card wnting or off-hand flourishing we advise 
hem to give Tilm a trial order, for Dakins pen- 
vork. whether In plain or oniamental. never Fails 
o please the Jover of artistic penmanship.— 

in recommending Mr. Dakln to 
3 of the leading penmen of the 
■d writing Is beyond criticism. 

bo!>t, obtainable, and 

V furnish the very best quality of linen 
a.50 per ream; W ream %-2m, sent by 
ream, sent by niaU, post paid, for $1.30. 
good paper. This quality Is the 
._, and Is ruled on one side only, 
desirable for flourleblog as forwrit- 


On receipt of $2 GO I will send a 

._hed horses, " ' 

Wttdding Btii 

Ished horses, executed on the ve^ linest quality of 

for framing v 

Slece of work a specialty (or a long t 
oubt wbethar it can be excf"' 
Uiluly please all who receive it. 

) excelled. It will < 

iruameuiai peumen in mis country. 
M. D. MoDRE. Penman. Morgan. Ky, 

1 as to arrangement and 
Ddkin, the famous card- 

The Journal Teachers' Bureau. 


Attention Is called to the JomtKAL's Employ- 
ment Bureau for Teachers of Penmanship and 
Commercial Branches. The registration fee will 
heroafter be $£,60 (Including the cost of forwarding 
letters) and will be charged alike to those seeking 
teachers and positions. The plan is to keep a list 
of those desiring employment and those In need of 
the lervlces of a teacher and to establish a line of 
com muni cation between them. 

The JouHNAL will advertise all applications for 
place or service, with such essential details as the 
applicants may gIve,/rMQ/"«M(. In all oases where 
special advertising is desired, giving the name,etc., 
of applicant, regular rates will be charged. 

The JouRKAi. has fitted hundreds of teachers to 
good-paying positions, and will now prosecute this 
work with greater vigor than ever. 

There are always good teachers to be had and 
good positions to he fliled. What you want la to 
know how to pair the teacher and the place. The 
.ToDRNAL can help you, and S2,50 pays the entire 

Conjmunioations strictly oonfidentlal. 


In joining the Bureau, desnribe briefly and aooa- 
rately what you luant. This will greatly facilitate 

When you get a teacher or a situation, as the oose 
may be, notify us at once. 

Positively no name entered until the fee of $2.60 

is paid. W* charge no committion on talariet. 

Join now. Tht early boy geU Ihe biggut jAunw. 


The Peuman-B Art Journal, 

!t-tf 205 Broadway. New York. 

By D vp^tlEW Hb^ Pi^acE55*. 

pole Ink Powder makes the boat free 
flovring, jet-black writing Ink in the world. Will 
not corrode the peu. Cheaper than any flrst-olans 
Suld ink. Also violet, scarlet and red powders, 
equal In every respect to the above. If your sta- 
tioner does not have It, send i!3 cents, naming color 
WEUited, and we will send you sample which will 
make from three pints to one gallon of Ink. Un- 
surpassed (or stylographlo and fountain pens. 
Ruling ir\3 and Ink sfor blank-hook manuf aoturers 
a specia 'y. WALPOLE DYE & CHEMICAL 

Kelsey & Co. Merlden, Coon. 


To those who aspire to the higher plains in Pen 
Art. I make the following Orbat Offer, viz.: to 
send In a secure mulling tulie a fine Photograph of 


executed by me for the City Council of Baltimore, 
complimentary to Mr. A. S. Abell. Editor and ^ 
prietorof the Baltimore .9i*n, upon the 50th >» 
versaryof that paper (for which I receive $ 

ographs from original pen-work. 

_jre than S300, making in all more 

$800 work. Size of Photograph. 14x18 inches ; 

Abell. Editor and F 
f/n, upc 

which I receive S-WO); 
u uiiD ^iLuuK>H|iii3 from original pen-w ' 
which cost me more than S300, making in all n 

than $800 work. Size of Photograph ' 

Original. 30x10 Inches ; Lithographs 


the above mentioned work immediately on reoelpt 
of $1.60 to ail who send in their orders before No- 
vember 15th. 

This is tlie actual cost of Photographs and LUho- 
graphs, and am sendmg them out as a forerunuer 
of my Compendium of 

which will be ready to mail on or about March 

t original 

Send tan cenU. and I will send 

I qT ftourithlng and uritjrt^, and wftm ytm 

ordfrplMtt mmlion tl 

il on heavy Plate Paper 7x11 in.^hes in size. 
The work will comprise Plain P<„miu,»l,itK Olf- 
ll„nd FlourMinq. (all the d.-8lgus of whlih are 
masterly and wholly orielnal), Uifer'nij. uho work 
will contain over 30 alphabets of the most orig" ' 
and besutirul, as well as practical alphabets t 
before published. There will also be sis \ 
studies In 

(Lin« and Stippling) of Birds drawn from 
Many beautiful studies of Itosesnnd other 
e flowers win be ■ 

ny one sending 


ipt for the 

which after March 

fiilly refunded upon receipt of the same in good 
I Imve many 


of expensive resolution work for sale at 75o. per 
Address all orders to 

8. K. Cor. Charles and Pleasanl Streota, 
"I Haltlmore, MaryUud. 

Addrea, D. T. AMES, OmoK o» Pkkman'b Art Jodbhai,, 806 Broadway, Nmw Tom. 

AK 1 -iOlK.XAI. 


_^ lUiu quarter-gross boxea. Forty 

for single box, postpuiu, or four boxes for 
IB boxes of one Kross eacb, $1.00 per box. 
L Discounts on iRfgc-r guantities to boos- 
and writlnj; teachers. 

igestAmps received. No free samples, and 
s made of less quantity than the one qnarler 

i for 1 




This beautiful and highly-entertaining Magazine 
Is an outgrowth of the Pbnuan's Gazette, one of 
the oldest, brightest and best known journals in 
the field of penmanship. 

The Uagazine retains the vigorous spirit of Its 

revered ancestor, and i. 
features which make it shine with no mean brll- 
ancy in the spheres of literature. 

Penmanship Department, conducted by Prof, A, 
J. Scarhorougb. Shorthand Is ably treated by 
Prof. W. D. Bridge, of Chautauqua University. 
Price only $1 per year. Sample copy 10 cents. 
Say where you saw this advertisement, and 

Address. THE G. A. OASKELL CO., 


Subscription price, 30o. per year. Single copy, I 
H. C. CtAKK, Proprietor. J 

OCC j^+<* For 30 days. The Glide Slips and 
mk%> ClSa "Prize Specimen" will be sent 
to any address on receipt of 25 ceuts. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

With Copy Slips on an Entirely New rian. 
Prices, Postpaid. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips, 
asc; Practice Book. lOc; Prize Specimen, lOc; 
Specimen of Omameutul Penmanship direct from 
tlie Pen, 35c,; Guide, Prize Specimen and Orna- 
mental Specimen, flOc. . Address, 

) East State Street. 




No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for profesalouai use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



. All of Standard and Saperior (Juality. 




Indelibly marking household fabrics wH 

tieat or preparation needed. The eafllest t 


Fifteen years on the market and no fault fi 
Ask your stationer for it. It Is the best. Tal 
other. Or, send 25 cents for it to 

Penman's Badge^ 

henrV hart. p. 

What every Student and Teacher wants I 



" Question Books with Answers. " This Is a aeries 
of four small books, comprising U. 8. History, 
Geography. Grammar and Arithmetic, each booB 
containing lOOl practical questions ana answers. 

These are positively the only question books 
published that are complete enough on a single 

Eeparlng for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 

" lODI Questions with Answers on ARITHME- 
TIC, " including nearly 800 test examples with an- 
swers and solutions. Besides treating thoroughly 
the entire scope of Arithmetic, this book contains 
from 10 to 30 test examples with answers and solu- 
tions under eacb subject, the solutions being placed 
in the appendix. In this book there are over 1,100 
questions with answers. 

" 1001 Questions with Answers on QRAMMAK," 
with copious lUnstratlons, parsing and analysis. 
"" Illustrations, false s 

... _ ._) parsing of difficult words, are 
alone worth twice the price of the book. 

The " 1001 Questions with Answers on U. 8. HIS- 
TORY," Including the Federal Conatltntion and 

"1001 Questions with Answers on GEOGRA- 
PHY, "embraclne Descriptive. Physical and Mathe- 
matical Geofn^pny. The descriptive questions are 
asked on each grand division separately, thus en- 
abling tbe student to refresh his mind on any par- 
tloular oouutry without reading over the entire 

Bound In oloth and tnalted to any address at 50 
cents eacb. AH four for $1.50. 


3-tf 205 Broadway, New York. 


"Worth all others together."— .ff<ti(«ii, 

Descriptive circulars f 

31 HoflTat Building, (4-12) •Detroit, B 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 
8-121 NBTOf TORK. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For students, schools, and accountants. It gives 
tbe most practical forms for the capital and small 
script alphabets : also the figures ; thus keeping 
ever present and convenient before the writer 
porreot forms fur writing. This ruler Is 15 inches 
in length, metal edged. 
Sent by mall to any address for 30 cents. 
It is Invaluable to all who are seeking to Improve 
their writing. Address, 


aofi Broadway, New York 

lABNUM k CO., No. 20 North William St , 

Thre.- .l<.or-« from Park Row, N, Y City. 

■ " -ds a. r„ 

ders filled 


The same 
gain for s 




Revised Edition, 

ar work on Bookkeepl 
)vised and now appears 


AU the good in the old Issue is retained and put 
in better shape, while new matter has been added 
sutQcient to embody the latest and best Ideas. 
Typographically, the new Issue Is a model of neat- 

It iB purely a 


and Is arranged with the view of developing the 
THINKING CAPACITY of the student. Full 
explanations are given, but much Is left for the 
student to work out, and results to find, 


you want to Inoreaae the Effloienoy of your 

you want to bold the Interest of your Students 
in their Work ; 

you want to Teach the Latest and Best Ideas i 
rou want to give your Students plenty to do 
11 should by all means adopt this new Revised 
ir text hook. 










We want good, active, reliable agenta In dvery 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take sobsorlptioDB for 
the Journal and to sell the new 


and our other publloationa. We have agents who 
send us hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outside of their Immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal oommlsslons wo offer 
this Is a money-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the flret reliable parties who 

D. T. AMES. Editor and Pboprietor, 

PIANO MARVEL. Krr'S?pKa??3: 

biilty 1 Power 1 1 BrTUIanoy 1 1 1 Price 40o. ClrouUrt 
free, A^entti wanted. A. R. MooRi, Troy, N.T. B-6 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The best 

d stamp for pamphlet and spec 

jrthand, I'lttsburg, I 





msltioD, Send s 



W. W. OSaOODBT. Poblleher. BooliertBr. H. Y. 


tlons, and secured 
former salaries. B< 
by maU to master 
raed by 1,000 graduates. 
ir and Instructor, 251 

it. »0. Book, SI. 
D. L. Scott-Bhownk, 
West nth St.. New 

il St., Boston, is t 

I School of Shorthand, 


of the few ln.Btitution3 of Its kind where a re&Uy 
stenographic business education can be obtained. 

S4 CZ^\ A nest box containing com- 

I sOWa plete outfit for Shorthand 
pupils, such aa note books, pencils, pens, rubber 
inkstand, etc., etc.. will be eent. postpaid, or ex- 
pressage prepaid, to any part of the United States 
on receipt of «1.50. Address, 

'-tf fiOft Broadway. New York. 




Peirce's System of Penmanship— 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership in the Business Department Is 

Membership in the Penmanship Depari> 

is about one-half that of 
■ger cities. 
Applications for admission 

We guarantee tuperior Instruction and es- 

: resulU). 

Send three letter stamps for Journal, oirou- 


ir institutions In larger cities. 

;ellent resulU). 

lar and specimen of Penmanship. 

"th. Peirce's System of Penmanship, with Method 
of Instruction. Revised, perfected, improved. The 
eleventh edition now ready. Sample copies sent 
on receipt of 26 cents. By the dozen, 25 oent« net. 

6th. My Philosophical Treatise or Penmanship 
has been put in desirable form and now retails at 
50 cents per volume. Remember, it is the only 
book of its kind ever published ; containing seven 
idred (700) Questions and 700 answers, together 
h Articles, Lectures, Critloisma and Discussions, 
all pertaining to Penmanship, and covering 11^ 

D volume of this "TREATISE" 
in these columns when ready. 
Tracing Exercises" with each 

Address all communications to 

Chandler H. Peirce, 

keokuk, iowa. 

Yvlth A 
lages of Buperioi 



The Standard Practical Penmanship, a portfolio 
embrucing a complete library of praotloal writing. 
Including the new Magic Alphabet, capable of 

as ordinary writing, is mailed for 11.00, from the 
New York oiBce only. Address 

H. A. SPENCER. lit 

Sponrnrian Bualneiw Colleee. 36 Eut Uih St.. ». T 

American Pen Art Hall. 

College of Short Hand and Commercial Depart- 

^ollon with Wooster University, 
uer Dviuouce of remarkable success under tbe 
appalling dlfQcullles. Postively the first 
ol of Penmanshin In the World. Aubrican 
3 future great school 

of stenocraphy, under the able 



For experts and carefol writers, 
M. 2 and 3. For rapid wrttliig. use 



Profitable Employment 


If so, Send for Our New Premium List. 

To Regular Canvassers we are offering Liberal Cash Discounts. 

To those who form Clubs of from two to twenty names, we offer handsome and vahiable 
Premiums, ranging from single volames of Standard Poets up to Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. 
Handsome Smoking and Shaving Sets and Typewriters. 

Our Premium Club Plan supplies the paper free to the organizer of the Club, and enables each 
Subscriber to obtain a valuable Premium at nominal rates, payable on the installment plan. 

In our Boot Department ^ 
suitable for Holiday Presents. 

I offering s 

Every Teacher and Student should have it. 
SubHcriptlon, •! a Tear. Specimen Copies 


inprecedented bargains < 

s (allowed on subsorlptioi 






During the past two years several hundred 
both of my 
1 themselves not ouly hiuhiy 

pleased \ 


■ both of mv 50. 


but surprli 

-'--- '""10 ov-iMson 

_, _ multiiude of 

elegaiilly written copies, embracing Exercises, 
Small Writing, Capitals, Word and Sentence 
Copies, Business Forma. Letter Writing, Business 
and Fancy Capluls, Series each 01 Muscular 
and Wholearm Capital Exercises, Biitiiness and 
Fancy lottial Combinations, etc. ^r- aU 

printed Instructions. EP~ ^« 
'!iffe,po«fpaia,/or 9ii.00. 
of a great variety of Exercises and Design' 

ililp. Sl.OO, Six colors Automatic Ink i 

ul School, S8.00 per term. Catalogue free 
. Circulars free. Address, E " ""* *'■" 
Mention TnK Journal. 





3 Tinted Block Alphabet 

Hair Line Board Alphabet. 
Engrosalug Backhand Alph 
Examples of Card Writing. 
Silhouette Rustic Alphabet, 
KngroBslng Hand Alphabet. 
Granite Afpl^" - 
Oothlo Alph; 

1 Bnglisi 

irking A_. 

il-Script Alpbal 


'ard Hand Alphabet. 
(re L.eii - -■ ■ • - 

[ Block Alphabet. 

Engrossing Backhand Alphabet. 

" ■ • - • Writing. 


„ A'-' "-■ 

Qranite Alphabet, 

Oothlo Alphabet. 

Rapid Muscular Writing Alphabet 

Rapid Old English Text All ^ " 

Aapld Working Aiubabei. 

t Alphabi 

o eight styles of Bord 
Ladles', or Card Hand Alp' 
Foliage Letter Alphabet. 

Q Text Alphabet. 

18 " Buslnees Hand. 

19 '■ Flower and Leaf, 
W " Lregular Gothic. 
81 " Semi-Text Rustic. 
22 " Pearl, 

(puroh&ser's choice), 86 cents, i 


aOS Bnudway, N. Y. 




By H. J*. I=XJT2Sd:-A_3Sr & "W. J-. 


Prof. W. D. Showalter, Editor Prn AH Herald, Clevebind, O,: 

1 consider "A Series of Lessons in Plain Writing" as the most comprehencive, clear and prartical 
guide for the student of penmanship now before the public. The authors nave exhibited In its admirable 
arrangement and thoughtful make-up a superior comprehension of the actual re()ulremeuts of the class- 
room, as well ae a complete conversance with the needs of the self-teacbliig student. 

Prof. H. A. Howard, Principal Commercial College, Rockland, Me.: 

Having thoroughly examined your • Series of Lessons In Plain Wrlthig," I take pleasure In recom- 
mending them to every student of penmanship. 

. Principal Big Rapids. Mich,, Industrial School : 

II of tl 

:ood word for your b 
' " ) existence o' 

1 deserve to reap a rloh reward, and if the 

these " Lossonfl 

1 and Bohool. 

Address either of t 

V liberal discount givee. Money can be made selling 

" Cnmpendiums " on writing, send for a copy of the "Lesson""," and compare. 
- "his manner and It will prevent defraiidmit the remaining pc"' -' 
t better arranged, has not a better quality of work, printing, 1 
) money than any similar work nubllshed. we w'" --'-- ^ ■• 
71, providing it is returned ii 

stamps not taken. 

s they will sell at sight. 

t will "prevent defraiidiiiK the remaining people who v 

. ._ has not a better quality of work, printing, paper, etc. and 

r the money than any similar work published, we will refund the money and pay 



s named below t 




Kibbe, of Utica, N 
ntrj;. Ilia work Is original, and 

The ptiblisbers of the 
Professor Kihbe will p _ 
1 branches of Penmanshi] 

•n work, am' 

e of lessons. 

The following h 

in the 

Professor Kihbe will 
_ 11 
Kibbe's pen work, and 


A. N. PALMER. Edit. 

lessons In the Vi't'ltrn 

Thecompensatir . 

The course that I have mapped 
ship; in short, it will bo just SI ' 

extend the influence of the ll'i 

isidered o 

are del it; 

t a drop in the 
Professor Kibbe 

argeiy. < 

readers of that paper, through ita columns, a systematic c 
illustrations will be photo- engraved direct from Prof 
used. The cost of the Penman compared with the value of 

of the very finest pen artists 

that during the coming 
„ •» ^.■'•uuius, a systematic course 
ill be photo-engraved direct from Profesaor 
ared with the 

the editor of the Wtfterti PtMiian explains the mi 

Utica, N. Y., August 10th, 1B87. 
, IVetfrrn Pmmaii, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
pleased to know that you have uouepted my proposition to give a couri 

entirely satisfactory, and I am ready to begin the c< 

--- ' - ' — "■ ' >lude all branches of plain aud 

who aspires to become a good g 

losaonsboth practical and original, and if I c 

gratified. ' Very truly. 

The WenUrn Ptnmnn has h 
now a twenty-page paper. Is published every month, during the last tv 
tains more original pen-work than any other penman's paper ; it has a 
pion of the muactilar movement : it bos a criticism column In which the w 
for that purpose U criticised. Such eminent penmen as Webb, of Nashv 
vllle, Tenn., Crandle. now of Dixon. 111., and Zaner. of Columbus, O.. havt 
various branches of pen-work in Its columns, and these gentlemen will t 

3U something about the JVfitem PfmiM/i, what It Is 

e good of c 

penman will 

II Indeed be 

'OUld I 

!■ HdJr* 


wiib a view t 


■ A thousand years as a day. No arithmetlo 
teaches It, A short. (,lmple, practical methed by 
E, C. ATKJNSON. Principal of Sacremento Busl- 
College, Saor«mento, Cal. By mall, BO 

Addreia as above. 



Cedar Rapida, Iowa. 


a (on cards), with a iMIar'a vorth 0/ inspiration, until Deo. lb, 
16c.; botli for 20c. FlnuriahW.g your name on 12 cards, or 
Lessons In WrIliiiK. by Hull, •la.TfW in a 







With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teach writing in accordance with the usages of the best 
writers in the business world, 

guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in tlie labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway. New York. 

Thts College furolshee, at niodernte coat, the 
very best busloess trainlog. The Coune Is an 
embodlmeot of the latest and most approved 
methods yet attained by the beat American Busl- 
nesa Colleges. 

It Is profrreaalve ajid thoron^li In all Ita appoint- 
menta and departments. 

The methods for lUustrattng actual business In 
UNe in Bnalness Practice Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators KeneraUy, to be 
iry best yet devised by the Buainess Col- 
rorld. These "Business Practice" Depart- 

complete coarse of training than the entire course 
1 many Business Colleges that claim to be among 

The Principal of this Department Is an ©i- 
erienced bookkeeper as well aa a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
his pupllB. For more complete information, 
send for " The Commerolal 'World." 


OberllQ, O. 

Thl8 Is Exclusively a School ■ 
ship, and Is, without an exoeptlon, the beit In 

The Principal of this Department stands »t 
the head of the Profeasion as an Artist; and 
as a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes six hours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this on© thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns oat more finished penmen 
than all the Business CoUege Penmanship De- 
partments In the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
manship Is Teachers' Training, aa well as the 
development of Pen Artists ; also Bluck- 

Send tor ' 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Tvpewriting. 

3Qt. Address all commanlcations to 

rate, and Board and Room at prices 

:li contains Information regarding this Depart- 






ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

ill order to learn tlie System. Ouly six books. 
■The letters are entirely free from useless lines lilte double loops, otivIs, 
etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 




7:^^^°^-^^ -^^/y-/7>;^ 

^;:z^ yJ^j-y^^iy/^-'^ - 




3d.-The lateral spacing is uniform, each word Klling a given space and 

crowding or stretching to secure such results 
4th.-Beautifully printed by Lithography ! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing i 


Abeolutel)/ unaiirpaaacd for KZasticUy, 
Smoothness, and DurubUiti/. 

Send W 

its for unique card of differ- 
ent numbers. 

The only Jet Blac/c Ink that will giie 
satisfaction to the teacher. 

Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neat 
box, by mail, post-paid. 

5ih.- Words used are a-jTraimirar to the pupil. See 'abofe copies. Contrast them with such 
fi,h ,=• K K , '^ ''"^°"'' ''"i'"""'' •''y'"^. t™«iiy, mimetit and xuthus " 

6.h.-Each b°f^"X?sI°::''3'tir/Lr''"tr'',"7™^^'^''> »<'- P»P" «"■" " '"c books 
,,v, D • , ^ senos-aud the paper la the best ever used for copy-books 

7.h.-Busmess forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 
them very attractive to the pupil ' uci„,g 

8th. - Very low r ates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


ndred of the Fir 

Professional Pe 


^. S. BARNES & CO.. Publishers.